##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

K. N. Geetha K. Jeyaprakash Y. P. Nagaraja

Abstract

The present investigation was conducted to establish pharmacognostical profile for the leaves and flowers of Michelia champaca L. (Magnoliaceae) in order to establish its complete profile to aid in its identification and avoid confusion in taxonomic level for different species of the same genus. The study included macroscopical, organoleptical, microscopical and preliminary phytochemical analysis of the leaves and flowers. The study of the organoleptical evaluation revealed the presence of colour, odour and texture. The microscopic analysis showed the
differences in cell structures, arrangement and shape of leaves and flowers. The physical characters of various solvent extracts showed the presence of colour, odour and consistency of the powdered leaves and flowers. Finally, the preliminary phytochemical analysis confirmed for the presence of alkaloids, saponins, tannins, glycosides, carbohydrates, amino acid, flavonoids and sterols in both leaves and flowers. The present findings may be used to establish the authenticity of leaves and flowers of Michelia champaca L. for their proper identification and standardization in order to collect raw plants for the preparation of herbal drugs.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

Michelia champaca L., Leaves, Flowers, Pharmacognocy

References
Balurgi, V.C., Rojatkar,S.R., Pujar,P.P., Patwardhan,B.K. and Nagrasampagi, B.A. (1997). Isolation of parthinolide from the leaves of Michelia champaca L. Journal of Indian drugs, 34: 415.
Chopra, R.N., Nayar, S.L., and Chopra, I.C., (1956). Glossary of Indian medicinal plants: National institute of science communication (NISCOM) CSIR, New Delhi. pp 166.
Gamble, J.S. (1921) Flora of the presidency of madras, Vol-1, Adlard & son Ltd, 21, Hart street, W.O, London. pp 8-9.
Hoffman, J.J., Torrance, S.J., Wiedhopf, R.M and Cole J.R. (1977). Cytotoxic agents from Michelia champaca and Talauma avata : partheno- lide and costunolide. J Pharm Sci., 66:883–884.
Indian pharmacopoeia (1985). Vol-2, 3ed: Govt. of India. Ministry of Health. Controller of publications, New Delhi. pp. 36-74.
Khandelwal, K.R. (1999). 6th Edn, Practical Pharmacognocy- Techniques and Experiments: Nirali prakashan publishers.pp 15-37.
Kokate, C.K. (2000). Practical pharmacognocy: Nirali prakashan publishers. Delhi-Reprint. pp16-29.
Lago, J.H.G., Favero, O.A and Romoff, P. (2009). Chemical composition and seasonal variation of the volatile oils from leaves of M.champaca L. Magnoliaceae, Brazilian Journal of Pharmacognocy, 19 (4): 880-882.
Mathew, K.M. (1983). The flora of the Tamilnadu carnatic, Part -1: The Rapinat Herbarium, St. Joseph’s college, Tiruchirapalli. India.
Najafi, S. and Deokule. S.S. (2010). Pharmacognostical study of Tylophora dalzelli Hook.f. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research., 4(5): 403-406.
Rangasamy, O., Raoelison,G., Rakotoniriana, E., Cheuk, K., Ratsimamanga, U., Quetin-Leclercq, J., Gurib-Fakim, A. and Subratty , H. (2007). Screening for anti-infective properties of several medicinal plants of the Mauritians flora. Journal of Ethno pharmacology, 109: 331–337.
Shalini Kapoor and Jaggi, R.K. (2004). Chemical studies on flowers of Michelia champaca L. Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Science., 66: 403-406.
The Wealth of India. (1962) Vol-6. Council of scientific & Industrial Research: New Delhi. pp 370.
Vimala, R., Nagarajan S., Alam, M., Susan, T. and Joy, S. (1997). Anti inflammatory and antipyretic activities of M.champaca L. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology, 35 (12): 1310-1314.
Yu-fei, W and Jun-rong, T. (1993). Studies on the leaf cuticle of three Chinese endemic genera in Magnoliaceae, Acta Botanica Sinica., 35:106-110.
Surendra Kumar, M., Aparna, P., Poojitha,K., Karishma, S.K., and Astalakshmi,N. (2011). A comparative study of Michelia champaca L. flower and leaves for anti - ulcer activity International Journal of Pharmaceuticals Sciences and Research, 2(6): 1554-1558.
Citation Format
How to Cite
Geetha, K. N., Jeyaprakash, K., & Nagaraja, Y. P. (2011). A preliminary pharmacognostical study on leaves and flowers of Michelia champaca L. Magnoliaceae. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 3(2), 228-231. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v3i2.184
More Citation Formats:
Section
Research Articles