Ehi Robert Orhue Uzu Frank


The present study was conducted to determine the influence of Cr on some agronomic characters of Telfairia occidentalis nutrient content and uptake and some chemical properties of soil. In the greenhouse trial, chromium nitrate [Cr(N03)2] was applied at rates of 0, 50, 100 and 200 mg per 5 kg sieved and air-dried soil obtained from a depth of 0-15cm. The rates of 0, 20, 40 and 80 kgha-1 equivalent to pot rates were used in the field trial. Results showed that the soil used was texturally sandy loam and an ultisol as revealed by its low base saturation. In the greenhouse the soil pH, N, K, Mg, Ca, Na, Fe, Mn, Zn, free Fe and Al oxides, organic carbon, effective cation exchange capacity, exchangeable acidity, amorphous Fe and Al oxides content of the soil decreased inconsistently at various levels of Cr treatments except available P, which appreciated inconsistently. With the exception of soil pH, organic carbon, available P and amorphous Fe oxide, which increased at various levels of Cr concentrations, all other soil chemical properties determined, declined inconsistently in the field trial. The amorphous
Al oxide however remained stable in the field trial. The Cr content of the soil increased with the levels of Cr treatments when compared with the control in the trials. The N, P, K, Mg, Ca, Na, Fe, Mn and Zn content of shoot and root as well as their uptake also decreased consistently with increasing Cr treatments. In addition, the Cr content as well as uptake by the shoot and root also increased consistently with increased rates of the Cr applied in the trials with the minimum levels of the Cr content and uptake recorded at the control treatments. As the Cr concentration increased, the crude protein content of both shoot and root consistently decreased with highest crude protein content recorded in the shoot compared to the root. A decrease in the dry matter yield with increased Cr treatments in shoot and root was recorded in the trials. Results also showed that the Cr influenced the height, collar girth, leaf area and number of leaves with control treatments higher than other treatments at final harvest.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...




Chromium, Phyto-availabilty, Uptake, Protein, Mineral ions

Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC) (1970). Official methods of analysis Ed 11 Washington D. C.
Azmat, R and Haider, S (2007). Pb Stress on phytochemistry of seedlings Phaseolus mungo and Lens culinaris. Asian Journal of Plant Science, 6 (2) : 332-337
Azmat, R. Haider, S and Askari, S. (2006). Phytoxicity of Pb I: Effects of Pb on germination, growth, morphology and histomorphology of Phaseolus mungo and Lens Culinaris. Pakistan Journal of Biological Science, 9:979-984.
Azmat, R. and Khanum, R. (2005). Effect of chromium on uptakes of minerals atoms in bean plant. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 8 : 281-283.
Black, C.A. (1965). Methods of soil analysis.Agronomy No 9 Part 2. America Society of Agronomy Madison Wisconsin. 1162-1164.
Brady, N.C. and Weil, R.R. (2002).The nature and properties of soils.13th Edition. Hall Upper Saddle River, New Jersey. pp. 960.
Bray, R. H. and Kurtz, L. T. (1945). Determination of total organic and available forms of phosphorus in soils. Soil Science, 59 : 39-48
Davis, B.E. and White, H.M. (1981). Trace elements in vegetables grown on soils contaminated by base metal mining. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 2: 387-397
Day, P.R. (1965). Particle fractionation and particle size analysis: In methods of soil analysis, (C.A. Black Ed).Agronomy No 9 Part 1. American Society of Agronomy Madison, Wisconsin, 545-567.
Eun, S.O., Youn, H.S. and Lee, Y. (2002). Lead disturbs microtubile organization in root meristem of Zea mays. Physiology of Plants, 110:357-365.
Foy, C.D., Chaney, R.L. and White, M.C. (1978). The physiology of metal toxicity in plants. Annual Review of Plant Physiology, 29:511-566.
Gundermann, D.G. and Hutchinson, T.C. (1995). Changes in Soil Chemistry 20 years after the Closure of nickel–copper smelter near Sudbury, Ontario, Canada. Geochemical Exploration, 52:231-236.
Haider, S., Kanwal, S., Uddin, F. and Azmat, R. (2006). Phytoxicity of Pb II: Changes in chlorophyll absorption spectrum due to toxic metal Pb stress on Phaseolus mungo and Lens culinaris. Pakistan Journal of Biological Science, 9:2062-2068.
Hewit, E.J. (1963). The essential nutrient elements requirements and interactions in plants. Vol. 3 In plant physiology (A. Treaties steward FC (ed) ) Academic Press New York, 137 - 360.
International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) (1979). Selected methods for soil and plant analysis. Manual Series No 1. pp. 70.
Jackson, M.L.(1962). Soil chemical analysis. Prentice Hall, New York. 263-268.
Jones, L.H.P. Clement, C.R and Hoope, M.J.(1973). Lead uptake from solution by perennial ryegrass and its transport from root and shoots. Plant Soil, 38:403-414.
Kabata-Pendia, A and Pendias, H. (1992). Trace elements in soils and plants. 2nd Edition CRC Press Boca Raton, London..
Kachenko, A and Singh B. (2004). Heavy metals contamination of home grown vegetables near metal smelter in NSW. SuperSoil: 2004 Australian/New Zealand Soil Conference, 5-9 December, 2004, Adelaide.
Mclean, E.O. (1965). Aluminium. In: Methods of soil analysis(Ed C.A Black) Agronomy No 9 Part 2. American Society of Agronomy, 978-998.
Murphy, J and Riley, J.P. (1962). Analytical chemistry. Acta 27:31-36.
Oboh, G. (2005). Nutritional and safety evaluation of some tropical green leafy vegetables. Journal of Food Technology, 3 (3): 389-392.
Okyto, B.N. (1997). Neglected plants of horticultural and medicinal importance in Traditional farming system in Tropical Africa. Acta Horticulture, 131-149.
Pande, P; Chand S; Vinod, K., Anwa, M. and Patra, D.D. (2007). Influence of Chromium with Vermicompost on growth and accumulation by Brahmin.Communication in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 38 : 2815-2829.
Payne, R.W (2002). Gentstat 6.1: Reevence manual VSN International Ltd. Oxford.
Pinero H.J.L., Miti, R.K., Julia-Verdestar, M.A., Diaz G.G., Dnzalez, A.N., Cardenas Avila, M.L. and Orough- Bakhih, R. (2002). Effect of Pb and Cd on seedlings, growth, chlorophyll and protein contest of common bean. Phascolus vulgaris, Alfa alfa (Medigago sativa), Avena (Avena santiva and rye grass (Lolum multiflorum) selected as hyper accumulator of heavy metal. Research on Crops, 3 : 473-480.
Raskin, I., Kumar, P.B.A., Dushenkovs, N. and Salt, D. (1994). Bio-concentration of heavy metals by plants. Current Opinion on Biotechnology, 5 : 285-290.
Schreinemakers, W. A. (1984). Effect of metal ions on growth and on ion absorption by spirodela polyrbaza (L) Schleiden: Effects of iron, magnesium and zinc. Z. Pflanzen Physiology, 114:123-129.
Schwatmann, U; Philippe, C. and Murad, E. (1985). Properties of goethite varying in crystalinity Clays and Clay Minerals, 33:369-378.
Schwertmann, U. (1991) Solubility and dissolution of iron oxides Plant and Soil, 130:1- 25.
Shaganas, B.B; Thangaval, P and Suhburam, V. (1997). Toxicity of neolan grey to Vigna radiata co.3. Pollution Research, 16(1):25-28.
Sharma, D.C and Pant, R.C. (1994). Chromium uptake, its effect on certain plant nutrients in maize (Zea mays L) W Gang 5). Journal of Environmental Science and Heaths, 29 (5) : 941 - 948
Soon, Y. K. and Abboud, S. (1993). Cadmium, chromium, lead and nickel In: Soil sampling and methods of soil analysis (eds M.R. Carter). Canadian Society of Soil Science, 101-108
Subramani, A., Saravanan, S., Taraizhuiyay, P. and Lakshmanalharg, A.S. (1997). Influences of heavy metals non germination and early seedlings growth of Vigna mungo L. Pollution Research, 16 (1): 29-31.
Tam, Y.L and Singh, B. (2004). Heavy metals availability at industrially contaminated soils in NSW, Austral: In A.L. Juhaz, G Magesan and R. Naidu (eds). Waste Management, Science. Publishers Plymouth, 97-120.
WHO (World Health Organization) (1984). Guidelines for soil, water and plant qualitVol. 1 Recommendation W.H.O. Geneva, 13 pp. 130.
Citation Format
How to Cite
Orhue, E. R., & Frank, U. (2011). Phyto-availability of chromium to fluted pumpkin (Telfairia occidentalis Hook F.) in an ultisol. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 3(2), 189-199. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v3i2.178
More Citation Formats:
Research Articles