In the present review, the suitability of adsorption process using low cost adsorbent for the treatment of pulp and paper mill effluent has been discussed. It is clear that adsorption processes are appropriate for the removal of recalcitrant compounds such as surfactants and pesticides, among others biodegradable or non-biodegradable compound present in pulp and paper mills effluents. The importance of the adsorption is to improvement of the removal of various physico- chemical (biological oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD), colour, suspended solids, lignin), heavy metals (Cu, Cr, Fe, Zn, Ni and Mn etc) organochlorine compounds, all recalcitrant pollutant, reduce toxicity, enhance colour removal by using different cost effective adsorbents. The effective use of the different adsorbents developed from different adsorbent media such as activated carbon, agriculture by product and industrial wastes and sludge as adsorbents for the removal of different pollutants from the various processes and operations of pulp and paper mill as potential alternatives to different treatment process and received widespread attention. Adsorption necessity is a novel treatment option to improve the efficiency of removal within the discharge limits of wastewaters into the receiving bodies without causing any damage of the environment. However, still there is a need to find out the practical usefulness of such low cost adsorbent at industrial scale with the special reference to metals.
Adsorption, Adsorbent, Agriculture waste materials, Pulp and paper mill effluent
Ahmad AA, Hameed BH (2010). Fixed-bed adsorption of reactive azo dye onto granular activated carbon prepared from waste. J. Hazard. Mater.,175:298–303
Ahmaruzzaman, M. (2011).Industrial wastes as low-cost potential adsorbents for the treatment of wastewater laden with heavy metals.Advances in Colloid and Interface Science, 166: 36–59
Akgerman,A. and Zardkoohi, M. (1996).Adsorption of Phenolic Compounds on Fly Ash.J. Chem. Eng. Data, 41 (2): 185–187
Aksu Z. and Yener J. (1999). The usage of dried activated sludge and fly ash wastes in phenol biosorption/adsorption: Comparison with granular activated carbon, J. Environ. Sci. Health Part A 34: 1777–1796.
Ali Imran, Asim M. And Khan Tabrez A. (2012). Low cost adsorbents for the removal of organic pollutants from wastewater. Journal of Environmental Management 113:170-183
Ali, Muna and Sreekrishnan T.R. (2001). Aquatic toxicity from pulp and paper mill effluents: a review. Advances in Environmental Research, 5: 175-196.
Amarasinghe, B.M.W.P.K. and Williams, R.A. (2007). Tea waste as a low cost adsorbent for the removal of Cu and Pb from wastewater.Chem. Eng. J. 132: 299–309.
Annadurai, G., R.S. Juang and D.J. Lee: Use of cellulose-based wastes for adsorption of dyes from aqueous solutions. J. Hazardous Materials, 92, 263-274 (2002)
Ansari, R. and Mosayebzadeh, Z. (2010). Removal of basic dye methylene blue from aqueous solutions using sawdust and sawdust coated with polypyrrole. J. Iran. Chem. Soc., 7: 339–350.
Area, M.C. and Valade, J.L. (1998).Revisión de losprocesos de pulpado con acciónquímica, El papel. La revistapapeleraparaEspeña y América Latina, 69:47-51.
Asma.S, Muhammed, I, and Akhtar, M.W (2005) ‘Removal and recovery of lead(II) from single and multimetal (Cd,Cu,Ni,Zn) solutions by crop milling waste (black gram husk)’,. Journal of Hazardous Materials, B117: 65-73
Azimvand J. and Mirshokraie SA (2016) Assessment of physico-chemical characteristics and treatment method of Paper Industry Effluents : a review.International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Sciences, Vol, 10 (1): 32-43
Bajpai P, Mehna A and Bajpai PK. (1993).Decolorization of kraft bleach plant effluent with the white rot fungus Trametesversicolor.ProcessBiochem.,28:377–384.
Bhatnagar, A., Minocha, A.K., Jeon, B.-H., Park, J.-M.and Lee, G. (2007). Adsorption of orange G dye on paper mill sludge: equilibrium and kinetic modeling, Fresenius. Environ. Bull. 16 (2007) 99–103.
Bhatnagar. A and Sillanp. M (2010) ‘Utilization of agro-industrial and municipal waste materials as potential adsorbents for water treatment- a review.’Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol.157, pp.277–296.
Calce, N., Nardi, E., Petronio, B.M. and Pietroletti M. (2002).Adsorption of phenols by papermillsludges.Environ.Pollut. 118: 315–319.
Cosgrove, W. J., and Rijsberman, F.R., (2000).World water vision: making water everybody's business. London: Earthscan Publications Ltd.
CPCB (2001). “Comprehensive industry document for large pulp and paper industry.”COINDS/36/2000-2001,2001
Dang VBH, Doan HD, Dang-Vu T. and Lohi A (2009) Equilibrium and kinetics of biosorption of cadmium (II) and copper (II) ions by wheat straw. Bioresour Technol., 100:211–219
Das, C.P. and L.N. Patnaik.(2001). Use of industrial waste for reduction of COD from paper mill effluents. Ind. J. Environ. Health., 43(12): 21-27.
Devi, R., V. Singh and A. Kumar ( 2008). COD and BOD reduction from coffee processing wastewater using Avocado peel carbon. Biores. Technol., 99: 1853-60.
Diez, M. C., M. L. Mora, et al. (1998). Adsorption of Phenolic Compounds and Color from Bleached Kraft Mill Effluent Using AllophanicCompounds.Water Research33(1): 125-130.
D'Souza, D.T., R. Tiwari, A.K. Sah and C. Raghukumar, (2006).Enhanced production of laccase by a marine fungus during treatment of colored effluents and synthetic dyes. Enzyme Microb. Technol., 38: 504-511.
El-Ashtoukhy ESZ, Amin NK, Abdelwahab O (2008). Removal of lead (II) and copper (II) from aqueous solution using pomegranate peel as a new adsorbent. Desalination, 223(1):162–173.
Farhan, M., Wahid, A., Kanwal, A. and Bell, J.N.B. (2013).Synthesis of activated carbon from tree sawdust and its usage for diminution of color and cod of paper-mill effluents.Pak. J. Bot., 45(S1): 521-527
Ferda.G and Selen.S.D (2012) ‘Adsorption study on orange peel: Removal of Ni(II) ions from aqueous solution’ African Journal of Biotechnology, Vol.11, pp.1250-1258.
Gong R, Li M, Yang C, Sun Y. and Chen J (2005). Removal of cationic dyes from aqueous solution by adsorption on peanut hull.J. Hazard Mater., 121:247–250
Gong R, Zhu S, Zhang D, Chen J, Ni S, Guan R (2008). Adsorption behavior of cationic dyes on citric acid esterifying wheat straw: kinetic and thermodynamic profile. Desalination 230:220–228
Gottipati Ramakrishna and Mishra Susmita, (2012). Application of response surface methodology for optimization of Cr(III) and Cr(VI) adsorption on commercial activated carbons, Research Journal of Chemical Sciences, 2(2):40-48.
Guo, X., Zhang, S.and Shan, XQ. (2008). Adsorption of metal ions on lignin. J Hazard Mater. 151(1):134-142.
Gupta VKand Ali I. (2004). Removal of lead and chromium from wastewater using bagasse fly ash--a sugar industry waste.J Colloid Interface Sci., 271(2):321-8
Gupta, V.K. (1998). Equilibrium Uptake, Sorption Dynamics, Process Development, and Column Operations for the Removal of Copper and Nickel from Aqueous Solution and Wastewater Using Activated Slag, a Low-Cost Adsorbent. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 37(1): 192-202
Gupta, V.K., B. Gupta, A. Rastogi, S. Agarwa and A. Nayak. (2011). A comparative investigation on adsorption performances of mesoporous activated carbon prepared from waste rubber tire and activated carbon for a hazardous azo dye-Acid Blue 113. J. Hazard. Mat., 186: 891-901
Jalali M andAboulghazi F (2013).Sunflower stalk, an agricultural waste, as an adsorbent for the removal of lead and cadmium from aqueous solutions. J Mater Cycles Waste Manag 15:548–555
Kamali, M. and Khodaparast, Z. (2015). Review on recent developments on pulp and paper mill wastewater treatment. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 114: 326–342
Kishore, K.K., Xiaoguang,M.,Christodoulatos, C. and Veera,M.B. (2008). Biosorption mechanism of nine different heavy metals onto biomatrix from rice husk.Journal of Hazardous Materials, 53:1222-1234.
Kulkarni S.J. and Kaware J.P. (2015). Analysis of Packed Bed Adsorption Column with Low Cost Adsorbent for Cadmium Removal.Int.J.of Thermal & Environmental Engineering. 9 (1): 17.
Kulkarni, S.J., Dhokpande S. R. and Kware J.P. (2013).Studies on flyash as an adsorbent for removal of various pollutants from wastewater.International Journal of Engineering research & Technology, 2(5):1190-1195
Kumar K.V. and Porkodi K.J. (2006) Relation between some two- and three-parameter isotherm models for the sorption of methylene blue onto lemon peel. J Hazard Mater., 138:633–635
Kwon J.S., Yun S.T., Lee J.H., Kim S.O and Jo H.Y.(2010). Removal of divalent heavy metals (Cd, Cu, Pb, and Zn) and arsenic (III) from aqueous solutions using scoria: kinetics and equilibrium of sorption, J. of Hazard Mater, 174: 307–313.
Lacorte S., Latorre A., Barcelo D. , Rigol A., Malmqvist A. and Welander T. (2003). Organic compounds in paper-millprocess waters and effluents. Trends in Analytical Chemistry, 22,(10)
Li, Y.-S., Liu, C.-C.andChiou, C.-S. (2004). Adsorption of Cr(III) from wastewater by wine processing waste sludge. J. Colloid Interface Sci.. 273: 95–101.
Lister, S. K. and Line M. A. (2001). Potential use of sevage sludge and paper mill waste for bioadsorption of metals from polluted water ways.Bio. Tech., 79 (1): 35-39
López, E., Soto, B., Arias, M., Núnez, A., Rubinos, D., and Barral, M.T.(1998) Adsorbent properties of red mud and its use for wastewater treatment. Water Res. 32: 1314–1322.
Lu, S.G., Bai, S.Q., Zhu, L. and Shan, H.D. (2009).Removal mechanism of phosphate from aqueous solution by fly ash.J.Hazard.Mater. 161: 95–101.
Malik P.K. (2003). Use of activated carbons prepared from sawdust and rice-husk for adsorption of acid dyes: a case study of Acid Yellow 36. Dyes and Pigments, 56,(3): 239-249
Malkoc, E. and Nuhoglu, Y. (2005): Investigations of Ni (II) removal from aqueous solutions using tea factory waste. J. Haz. Mater., 127: 120-128.
Mendez, A., Barriga, S., Fidalgo, J.M. and Gasco, G.(2009). Adsorbent materials from paper industry waste materials and their use in Cu(II) removal from water, J. Hazard. Mater.165: 736–743.
Mohan, D. and Pittman Jr. C. U (2007). Arsenic removal from water/wastewater using adsorbents—A critical review. Journal of Hazardous Materials,142:1–53
Mohan, D., P.S. Kunwar and K.S. Vinod. (2008). Wastewater treatment using low cost activated carbons derived from agricultural byproducts-A case study. J. Hazard. Mat., 152: 1045-1053
Monte, M.C., Fuente, E., Blanco, A. and Negro, C. (2009).Waste management from pulp and paper production in the European Union. WasteManag., 29: 293-308.
Kannan, N. and M.M. Sundaram (2001). Kinetics and mechanism of removal of methylene blue by adsorption on various carbons—a comparative study. Dyes Pigments, 51: 25–40.
Nadeem, M., A. Mahmood, S.A. Shahid, S.S. Shah, A.M. Khalid and G. McKay.(2006). Sorption of lead from aqueous solution by chemically modified carbon adsorbents.J. Hazard. Mat., B138: 604-13
Nagda, G.K., V.S. Ghole and A.M. Diwan.( 2006). Tendu leaves refuse as biosorbent for COD removal from Molasses fermentation based bulk drug industry effluent. J. Appl. Sci. Environ. Mgt., 10 (3): 15-20.
Namasivayam, C. and Yamuna, R.T.(1999). Studies on chromium (III) removal from aqueous solution by adsorption onto biogas residual slurry and its application to tannery wastewater treatment.Water Air Soil Pollut. 113:371–384
Nasernejad, B., Zadeh, T.E., Pour, B.B., Bygi, M.E., Zamani, A., 2005. Comparison for biosorptionmodeling of heavy metals (Cr(III), Cu(II), Zn(II)) adsorption from wastewater by carrot residues. Process Biochem. 40, 1319–1322.
Nasr, J. B., Hamdi N. and Elhalouani F. (2017). Characterization of activated carbon Prepared from sludge paper for methylene blue adsorption Journal of Materials and Environmental Sciences 8 (6): 1960-1967
Nemerow NL (2007) Industrial waste treatment. In: Nemerow NL (2007) Contemporary Practice and Vision for the Future.ButterWorth Heinemann, Elsevier Inc, UK.
Noeline, B.F., Manohar, D.M., Anirudhan, T.S., (2005). Kinetic and equilibrium modeling of lead(II) sorption from water and wastewater by polymerized banana stem in a batch reactor. Sep. Purif. Technol. 45, 131–140
Nuria, M., Cesar, V., Ignasi, C., Maria, M. and Antonio, F. (2010) ‘Cadmium and lead Removal from Aqueous Solution by Grape Stalk Wastes: Modeling of a Fixed Bed Column’ Journal of Chemical Engineering Data,.55: 3548-3554.
Olgun, A. and Atar, N.(2009). Equilibrium and kinetic adsorption study of Basic Yellow 28 and Basic Red 46 by a boron industry waste, J. Hazard. Mater. 161:148–156.
Oliveira, D.Q.L., Gonc, M.¸ alves, Oliveira, L.C.A. and Guilherme.L.R.G (2008). Removal of As(V) and Cr(VI) from aqueous solutions using solid waste from leather industry. J. Hazard. Mater.151: 280–284
Özcan A., Ömeroglu Ç., Erdogan Y., Özcan A.S.( 2007). Modification of bentonite with a cationic surfactant: an adsorption study of textile dye Reactive Blue 19. J. Hazard.Mater. 140: 173–179.
Parab, H., Joshi, S., Shenoy, N., Lali, A., Sarma, U. S., and Sudersanan, M., 2006, Determination of kinetic and equilibrium parameters of the batch adsorption of Co(II), Cr(III) and Ni(II) onto coir pith, Process Biochemistry, 41 (3), 609–615.
Patel, H.and Vashi R.T. (2010). Adsorption of Crystal Violet Dye onto Tamarind Seed Powder.E-Journal of Chemistry, 7(3):975-984
Pehlivan, E., Cetin, S., Yan?k, B.H., (2006). Equilibrium studies for the sorption of zinc and copper from aqueous solutions using sugar beet pulp and fly ash. J. Hazard. Mater. B 135, 193–199
Pellegrin, V., Juretschko, S., Wagner, M. and Cottenceau, G., (1999). Morphological and biochemical properties of a Sphaerotilu ssp. Isolated from paper mills limes. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65:156–162.
Pokhrel, D. and Viraraghavan, T., (2004).Treatment of pulp and paper mill wastewater – a review.Sci. Total Environ. 333: 37–58.
Ponnusami.V,Vikram.S.N and Srivastava, (2008) ‘Guava (Psidiumguajava) leaf powder: novel adsorbent for removal of mehtylene blue from aqueous solutions’ Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 152, pp.276-286.
Postel, S.J. (2000). Entering an era of water scarcity: The challenges ahead.Ecological Applications: 941-948.
Prasongsuk, S., P. Lotrakul, T. Imai and H. Punnapayak, (2009).Decolourization of pulp mill wastewater using thermotolerant white rot fungi.Sci. Asia, 35: 37-41
Qiu, H., Lu LV, Bing-cai PAN†‡, Qing-jian ZHANG, Wei-ming ZHANG, Quan-xing ZHANG (2009).Critical review in adsorption kinetic models.J Zhejiang UnivSci A, 10(5):716-724
Rafatullah M., Sulaiman O., Hashim R. and Ahmad A. (2010). Adsorption of copper (II) onto different adsorbents. Journal of Dispersion Science and Technology, 31(7): 918-930.
Ragunathan R, Swaminathan K. (2004). Biological treatment of pulp and paper industry effluent by Pleurotus spp. World J of Micro and Biotech 20:389–393.
Sciban M , Klasnja M . and Skrbi? B (2006). Modified softwood sawdust as adsorbent of heavy metal ions from water.Journal of Hazardous Materials, 136(2):266-271
Selvaraj, K., Manonmani, S., Pattabhi, S. (2003). Removal of hexavalent chromium using distillery sludge, Bioresour. Technol. 89: 207–211.
Sharma, Y.C. and Uma, (2010). Optimization of parameters for adsorption of methylene blue on a low cost activated carbon. J. Chem. Eng. Data 55: 435
Shivamani, S and Prince I., V (2008).Batch adsorption studies for chromium Removal. Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering, 50(1): 11-16.
Shivayogimath, C. B. and Joshi C. (2015). Removal of organic pollutants from paper and pulp effluent using mixed adsorbents. International Journal of Advances in Science Engineering and Technology, 3 (3) 109-113
Srivastava, S.K., Singh, A.K.and Sharma A. (1994). Studies on the uptake of lead and zinc by lignin obtained from black liquor—a paper industry waste material. Environ. Technol. 15: 353–361.
Sumathi, S. & Hung, Y.T. (2006). Treatment of pulp and paper mill wastes, In: Waste treatment in the process industries. Eds: Wang, L.K, Hung, Y.T., Lo, H.H., Yapijakis,C. pp. 453-497. Taylor& Francis. ISBN 0-8493-7233-X, USA.
Suntio, L.R., Shiu, W.Y., Mackay, D. (1988) A review of the nature and properties of chemicals present in pulp mill effluents. Chemosphere 17: 1249–1290.
Tanyildizi, M.S., (2011). Modeling of adsorption isotherms and kinetics of reactive dye from aqueous solution by peanut hull.Chem. Eng. J.,168:1234-1240
Theivarasu and Mylsamy (2010). Adsorption of anionic dyes in acid solutions using chemically cross-linked chitosan beads. Dyes Pigments, 60: 69-84
Thompson, G., Swain, J., Kay, M. and Forster, C. (2001). The treatment of pulp and paper mill effluent: a review. Bioresource Technology, 77: 275–286.
Uddin, T. Md., Arifur Rahman, Md. Rukanuzzaman, Md. And Akhtarul Islam, Md. (2017). A potential low cost adsorbent for the removal of cationic dyes from aqueous solutions.Appl Water Sci., DOI 10.1007/s13201-017-0542-4
United Nations (2011).Department of economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, 2011. World Population Prospects: the 2010 Revision, Highlights and Advance Tables. ESA/P/WP.220
Upadhye, G.C. and Yamgar, R.S. (2016).Analytical study of agricultural waste as nonconventional low cost adsorbent removal of dyes from aqueous solutions.International Journal of Chemical Studies, 4(1): 128-133
Wingate, K. G. (2002). Novel Methods for Removal of Colour from pulp Mill Wastwater.Chemistry Auckland, University of Auckland.
Yadanaparthi S.K.R., Graybill D. and Wandruszka R.(2009), Adsorbents for the removal of arsenic, cadmium, and lead from contaminated waters, J. of Hazard Mater.,171: 1-15.
Zahangir Alam M. (2004).,Biosorption of Basic Dyes using sewage treatment plant biosolids, Biotechnology, 3(2), 200-204
This work is licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) © Author (s)