Effect of zinc and iron interaction on their distribution was examined in two wheat genotypes (UP262 and UP2628) under foliar application of 0, 0.25 and 0.50% ZnSO4 solution tagged with 925 KBq of Zn65 pot-1 for Zn and 0, 0.5 and 1.0% FeSO4 solution tagged with 925 KBq of Fe59 pot-1 for Fe at 30, 60 and 90 days after planting. Maximum grain yield of UP2628 (2.7 g pot-1 ) was recorded at 0.5%ZnSO4+0%FeSO4 while that of UP262 (2.63 g pot-1 ) was recorded at 0.5%ZnSO4+1.0%FeSO4. The highest straw yield of UP2628 (2.75 g pot-1 ) was noted at 0.5% ZnSO4+1.0%FeSO4 while that of UP262 (2.91 g pot-1 ) with 0.5%ZnSO4+0.5%FeSO4. Application of 0.5% and 1.0% FeSO4 reduced the accumulation of 65Zn in all parts of both the varieties. Regarding the 59Fe accumulation, it was found to be decreased with the increased application of ZnSO4 solution from 0.25% and 0.5% as compared to without application of Zn. On comparing translocation efficiencies of both the varieties, UP2628 showed better translocation thus accumulated higher zinc and iron. Therefore, variety UP2628 can be used further for crop improvement programme.
Foliar application, Fe, Translocation, Wheat, Zn
Alloway, B.J. (2008). Micronutrients and crop production. In micronutrient deficiencies in global crop production. pp 1-39.
Chandel, G., Banerjee, S., See, S., Mena, R., Sharma, D.J. and Verulkar, S.B. (2010). Effects of different nitrogen fertilizer levels and native soil properties on rice grain iron, zinc and protein contents. Rice Sci. 17: 213-227.
Chilian, A., Bancuta, R.O., Bancuta, I., Setnescu, R., Ion, R.M., Radulescu, C., Setnescu, T., Stihi, C., Gheboianu, A.I. and Chelarescu, E.D. (2015). Study of the influence of zinc concentration on the absorption and transport of iron in maize by AAS and EDXRF analysis techniques. Rom. Reports Phy. 67(3): 1138-1151.
Das, S.K. (2014). Role of micronutrient in rice cultivation and management strategy in organic agriculture-A reappraisal. Agric. Sci. 5: 765-769.
Elgala, A.M., Ismail, A.S. and Ossman, M.A. (2008). Critical levels of iron, manganese and zinc in Egyptian soils. J. Plant Nut. 9: 267-280.
El-Majid, A.A., Knany, R.E. and El-Fotoh, H.G.A. (2000). Effect of foliar application of some micronutrients on wheat yield and quality. Ann. Agric. Sci. 1: 301-313.
Ghandilyan, A., Vreugdenhil, D. and Aarts, M.G.M. (2006). Progress in genetic understanding of plant iron and zinc nutrition. Physiol. Plant. 126: 407-417.
Ghasemi-Fasaei, R. and Ronaghi, A. (2008). Interaction of iron with copper, zinc and manganese in wheat as affected by iron and manganese in a calcareous soil. J. Plant Nut. 31(5): 839-848.
Habib, M. (2009). Effect of foliar application of Zn and Fe on wheat yield and quality. Afric. J. Biotech. 8 (24): 6795-6798.
Hamlin, R.L. and Barker, A.V. (2008). Nutritional alleviation of Zn-induced iron deficiency in Indian mustard and the effects on zinc phytoremediation. J. Plant Nut. 31: 2196-2213.
Heenan, D.P. and Campbell, L.C. (1983). Manganese and iron interactions on their uptake and distribution in soybean (Glycine max L.). Plant Soil. 70: 317-326.
Imtiaz, M., Alloway, B.J., Shah, K.H., Siddiqui, S.H., Memon, M.Y., Aslam, M. and Khan, P. (2003). Zinc nutrition of wheat: a: Interaction of zinc with other trace elements. Asian J. Plant Sci. 2: 156-160.
Izaguirre-Mayoral, M.L. and Sinclair, T.R. (2005). Soybean genotypic difference in growth, nutrient accumulation and ultrastructure in response to manganese and iron supply in solution culture. Annals Bot. 96: 149-158.
Kumar, R., Mehrotra, N.K., Nautiyal, B.D., Kumar, P. and Singh, P.K. (2009). Effect of copper on growth, yield and concentration of Fe, Mn, Zn and Cu in wheat plants (Triticum aestivum L.). J. Env. Biol. 30: 485-488.
Mathpal, B., Srivastava, P.C., Shankhdhar, D. and Shankhdhar, S.C. (2015). Zinc enrichment in wheat genotypes under various methods of zinc application. Plant Soil Env. 61(4): 171-175.
Pirzadeh, M., Afyuni, M., Khoshgoftarmanesh, A. and Schulin, R. (2010). Micronutrient status of calcareous paddy soils and rice products: Implication for human health. Biol. Fert. Soil. 46: 317-322.
Prakash, I.G., Babu, N.M., Ramachandra, P. and Mallikarjun, B.R. (2016). Breeding crop plants for improved human nutrition through biofortification: Progress and prospects. J.M. Al-Khayri et al. (eds). Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies: Agronomic, Abiotic and Biotic Stress Traits. DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-22518-0-2.
Seilsepour, M. (2007). The study of Fe and Zn effects on quantitative and qualitative parameters of winter wheat and determination of critical levels of these elements in Varamin plain soils. Pajouhesh Sazandegi. 76: 123-133.
Shahzad, Z., Rouached, H. and Rakha, A. (2014). Combating mineral malnutrition through iron and zinc biofortification of cereals. Com. Rev. Food Sci. Food Saf. 13:329-346
Singh, B., Natesan, S.K.A., Singh, B.K. and Usha, K. (2005). Improving zinc efficiency of cereals under zinc deficiency. Curr. Sci. 88 (1): 36-44.
Sliman, Z.T. (1990). Effect of Zn on Fe-stress-response mechanism of two soybean genotypes. Agric. Sci., 2:61-69
Welch, R.M. and Graham, R.D. (2004). Breeding for micronutrients in staple food crops from a human nutrition perspective. J. Exp. Bot. 55: 353-364.
This work is licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) Â© Author (s)