Pruning of fruit trees is an important aspect for the improvement of fruit quality and to minimize the pests and disease attack. Pruning was performed in the month of December in seven year old unpruned trees of Punica granatum cv. Knadhdri Kabuli having many interfering branching and a heavy infestation of bacterial blight orchard. The pruning treatments viz., T1: Retention of 15cm fruiting shoot length, T2: Retention of 30cm fruiting shoot length, T3: Retention of 45cm fruiting shoot length, T4: Retention of 60cm fruiting shoot length and T5: control (No heading back and no thinning) plant. The results of the present investigation revealed that among different pruning treatment, the best results in terms of shoot extension (56.34 cm), fruit size (Diameter 9.66 cm and Length 9.65 cm, fruit weight (278.50 g), marketable yield (10.25 kg) and fruit qualities were in fruits from T1 and T2 where retention of 15cm fruiting shoot length respectively and retention of 30cm fruiting shoot length were maintained. However, maximum fruit set (54.73%) was recorded in control, and it decreased with increasing pruning intensity. The pruning treatments also proved beneficial in controlling bacterial blight on fruit (12.86%) and leaf surface (26.60%) to some extent.
Disease incidence, Fruit quality, Pomegranate, Pruning, Yield
AOAC. (1980). Official methods of analysis. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, 13th edition, W Horowitz (ed.) Benjamin Franklin Station, Washington, DC.101 p
Chandra, R., Babu K. D., Jadhav V. T., Jaime A. and Silva T. D. (2010). Origin, History and Domestication of Pomegranate. Fruit, Vegetable and Cereal Science and Biotechnology. 2: 1-6.
Du, T., Wang, P. C. and Francis, F. J. (1975). Anthocyanins of Pomegranate. J for sci., 40: 417-418.
Gill, K. S. and Bal, J. S. 2006. Influence of pruning severity and time on yield and fruit quality of ber cv. Umran., Department of Horticulture. PAU, Ludhiana.
Gomez, K. A. and Gomez, A. A. (1984). In: Statistical Procedure for Agricultural Research 2nd ed. New York: Willey Interscience. Pp. 304-309
Hassani, G. and Rezaee, R. (2007). Effect of training system and rate of pruning on yield and quality of peach fruit. Agriculture Science Tabriz, 17(1):31-38.
Hess, P. B. and Kades, A. A. (2003). Response of â€˜Wonderfulâ€™ pomegranate to controlled atmosphere. Acta Hort, Proc. of 8th International conference.
Kaulgud, S. N. (2002). Pomegranate aril blackening: fungal or physiological disorder. In: Advances in arid and semi-arid fruit crops. Centre for Advanced Studies in Hort. (fruits). MPKV Rahuri. pp. 145-147.
Kumar, A., Pande, N. C. and Tripathi, V. K. (2005). Influence of pruning severity on the flowering and fruiting of peach. Farm Science Journal 14(1): 12-13.
Lemus, G. (2010). Innovative methods of walnut production in South America. Acta-Horticulture, 861: 191-198.
Masalkara, S. D., Joshi, V. R., Masalkar, S. D., Kulkarni, S. R. and Chavan, S. D. (2009). Effect of different pruning levels on yield and quality of pomegranate. 2nd International Symposium on â€œPomegranate and Minor including Mediterranean Fruitsâ€, University of Argicultural Sciences, Dharwad, India.
Riedle, B. M., Hanak, K., Regner, F. and Tiefenbrunner. (2010). Influence of pruning measures on recovery of Bois noir-infected grapevines. Journal of Phytopathology, 158(9): 628-632.
Sharma, D. P. and Chauhan, J. S. (2004). Response of pruning intensities and fertilizer treatment on yield, fruit quality and photosynthetic efficiency of peach. Acta Horticulturae, 662: 237-241.
Sharma.,D. P. Chakma, J, Sharma, N. and Singh, N. (2017). Effect of different orchard management practices on the growth and production of rejuvenated of pomegranates (Punica granatum L.) cv. Kandhari Kabuli. Journal of Applied and Natural Science 9 (1): 577 â€“ 581.
Stover, E. and Mercure E .W. (2007). The Pomegranate-a new look at the fruit of paradise. Hort Sci., 42(5): 1088-1097.
Vitagliano, C., Bartolini, S. and Catania, M. (2001). Summer pruning increases sugar and starch content of peach flower buds, fruit retention and size. Acta Horticulturae, 565:93-98.
Warade, S. D., Joshi, V. R., Masalkar, S. D. and Kulkarni, S. R. (2009). Effect of different mulches on yield and quality of pomegranate. 2nd International Symposium on â€œPomegranate and minor including mediterrenean fruitsâ€, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad. P 104.
Yang, Y., Wang, R., Li, G. and Ruan, X. (2009). Observation of persimmon anthracnose in the national field genebank for persimmon. Acta Horticulture, 833: 109-112.
This work is licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) Â© Author (s)