Parul Upreti R.S. Chauhan


The study was designed to evaluate the effect of leaf powder of Giloy (Tinospora cordifolia) in fish feed on survival and growth of post larvae of Catla catla. The experiment consisted of five treatments (T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5) in triplicate. The artificial feed was prepared from de-oiled groundnut cake (49.5%), de-oiled rice bran (49.5%) and vitamin – mineral mixture (1%). The leaf powder of giloy was incorporated into larval feed at various rates. In treatment T1 (control), no leaf powder was incorporated in the feed. In T2, T3, T4 and T5 leaf powder was mixed at the rate of 0.25%, 0.5%, 0.75% and 1%, respectively. One hundred post larvae of C. catla of uniform size (7.3 mm length, 1.5 mg weight) were stocked in each of 5×3=15 tanks. The larvae were fed twice in a day. The water quality parameters were regularly monitored. The survival rate of post larvae in T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5 were recorded as 95.3, 94.3, 97.0, 98.6 and 100%, respectively. Post larvae fed with diet incorporated with 1% leaf powder achieved significantly enhanced (P< 0.05) specific growth rate (6.97%), feed conversion ratio (2.41) and gross conversion efficiency (0.415). The study revealed that giloy leaf powder has very good growth promoting potential in raising post larvae of carp. Thus, it is recommended that the leaf powder of giloy may be incorporated in fish feed upto 1% for enhancing growth and survival of post larvae of carp fishes up to fry stage.




Feed conversion ratio, Gross conversion efficiency, Specific growth rate, Tinospora cordifolia

Anita, Dubey, M. K., Khati, A. and Chauhan, R.S. (2016).Immunostimulatory and growth promoting potential of Tinospora cordifolia (Thunb.)Miers on fingerlings of Amur carp. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology, 54:659-663.
American Public Health Association (2012). Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 22th ed. American Public Health Association, Washington D.C., 1496p.
Arulvasu, C., Mani, K., Chandhirasekar, D., Prabhu, D. and Sivagnanam, S. (2013). Effect of dietary administration of Zingiber officinaleon growth, survival and immune response of Indian major carp, Catla catla (Ham.). International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 5(2):108-115.
Arya, P., Nazir, I. and Chauhan, R.S. (2016).Evaluation of growth performance in fingerlings of Indian major carp Labeo rohita fed with nutraceuticalStimulin incorporated diets. J. Env. Bio-Sci., 30(1):197-200.
Chauhan., R. S. (2001). Status of composite culture of carps at three management levels in tarai region of Uttaranchal. In: Proceedings of the National Symposium on Fish Health Management and Sustainable Aquaculture: pp.11-14.
Chauhan., R. S. (2014). Growth performance, length- weight relationship, body condition and carcass composition of Cyprinus carpio fed with poultry dropping incorporated diets. J. Ecophysiol. Occup. Hlth. 14 (1&2):103-109.
Citarasu, Thavasimuthu (2010). Herbal biomedicines: a new opportunity for aquaculture industry. Aquacult. Int.18: 403-414.
Das, B.K. (2008).The effect of Euglena viridis on immune response of Rohu, Labeorohita(Ham.). Fish and Shellfish Immunology, 26(6): 871-876.
DAHDF (2016). Annual Report 2015-16. Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture, New Delhi.
Eknath, A.E. and Doyle, R.W. (1985).Indirect selection for growth and life-history traits in Indian carp aquaculture. 1.Effects of Brood stock management. Aquaculture49:73-84.
FAO (2016). The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture. Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome.
Hartman, J. (1983). Two feeding strategies of young fishes.Arch. Hydrobiol,96: 496-509.
Innocent, B. Xavier, Fathima, Syed Ali M. and Dhanalakshmi (2011). Immunostimulatory activity of Coriandrum sativum and resistance to Aeromonas hydrophila in Catla catla. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science, 1(7): 132-135.
Izquierdo, M.S., Fernandez-Palacios, H. and Tacon, A.G.J. (2001). Effect of broodstock nutrition on reproductive performance of fish.Aquaculture,207: 97-109.
Jezierska, A., Jowoko, G. and Kowski, K.K. (1979). Respiratory metabolism of carp larvae under constant and cyclically fluctuating temperature conditions. Cultivation of fish fry and its live food. Europ. Maricult. Soc. Publ.4: 243-255.
Jhingaran, V. G. (1991). Fish and Fisheries of India. Hindustan Publishing Corporation, India. 727p.
Kour, D., Sharma, L.L. and Sharma, B.K. (2004).Use of herb, Bala (Sidacordifolia Linn.) as growth promoter in the supplementary feed of Cirrhinus mrigala (Ham.).Indian Journal of Fisheries51(4): 501-504.
Kumar, R., Sharma, B.K. and Sharma L.L. (2007).Impact of Glycyrrhiza glabra Linn.as growth promoter in the supplementary feed of an Indian major carp Cirrhinu smrigala (Ham.). Indian Journal of Animal Research,41(1): 35-38.
Kumari, J., Sahoo, P.K., and Giri, S.S. (2007). Effects of polyherbal formulation Immu Plus on immunity and disease resistance of Indian major carp, Labeo rohita at different stages of growth. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 45:291-298.
Nazir, I., Arya, P. and Chauhan, R.S. (2015). Evaluation of growth promoting potential of probiotic Biosyn in fingerlings of Indian major carp Labeo rohita. National Journal of Life Science12(2):173-175.
Olusola, S.E., Emikpe, B.O. and Olaifa, F.E. (2013). The potentials of medicinal plant extracts as bio-antimicrobials in aquaculture. Int. J. Med. Arom. Plants, 3(3): 404-412.
Punitha, S.M.J., Babu, M.M., Sivaram, V.M., Shankar, V.S., Dhas, S.A., Mahesh, T.C., Immunuel, G. and Citarasu, T. (2008). Immunostimulating influence of herbal biomedicines on nonspecific immunity in Grouper (Epinephelus tauvina) juvenile against Vibrio harveyi infection. Aquacult. Int.16: 511-523.
Rajeshwari, S., Pavaraj, M., Muthu, R. and Rajan, M.K. (2015).Effect of Melia azedarach extract on some selected haematological parameters of Catla, (Catla catla). World Applied Sciences Journal33(4):564-566.
Sahu, M.K., Swarnakumar, N.S. and Sivakumar, K. (2008). Probiotics in aquaculture: importance and future perspectives. Indian Journal of Microbiology, 48:299-308.
Sinha, K., Mishra, N. P., Singh, J. and Khanuja, S. P.S. (2004). Tinospora cordifolia (Guduchi), a reservoir plant for therapeutic applications: A Review. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, (3): 257-270
Sivagurunathan, A., Meera, K.A. and Innocent, B. X. (2011).Investigation of immunostimulant potential of Zingiber officinale and Curcuma longa in Cirrhinus mrigala exposed to Pseudomonas aeruginosa- Haematological assessment. International Journal of Research in Ayurveda and Pharmacy,2(3): 899-904.
Research Articles

How to Cite

Effect of leaf powder of giloy (Tinospora cordifolia) in fish feed on survival and growth of post larvae of Catla catla. (2018). Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 10(1), 144-148. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v10i1.1594