Archna Rashmi Aftab Ahmad A. K. Saxena


Extensive and indiscriminate use of organic lousicides is leading to environmental hazards i.e. persistence of residues, development of resistance and targeting of non-target beneficial organism. Hence, phytotherapy is emerging as effective tool for louse control, due to ecofriendly and biodegradable nature of plant extracts. In the present study the mortality and repellency caused by five concentration of aqueous extract of the leaves of commonly available Datura stramineus were tested against goat biting louse, Bovicola caprae. Fifteen percent concentration of extract prepared from leaves of aforesaid plant imparted 77% mortality and 66% repellency to goat biting louse.




Biting lice, Bovicola caprae, Datura stramineus, Goat louse, Phthiraptera

Abdel-Ghaffar, F., Al-Quraishy, S., Al-Rasheid, K. and Mehlhorn, H. (2012). Efiicacy of a single treatment of head lice with a neem seed extract: an in vivo and in vitro study on nits and motile stage. Parasitol. Res., 110: 277-280.
Al-musawi, M. M. (2017). Evaluation of Lousicidal activity of Ziziphus mauritiana alkaloids and Eucaylptus camaldulensis terpenoids leaves extracts in chickens. Al-kufa univ. Jour. Biol., 9:1-9.
Bhilegaonkar, N. G. and Maske, D. K. (1997). Efficacy of herbal compound AV/EPP/14 against ectoparasites of dogs. Indian Vet. J., 74(10):869-870.
Brigid, M., Joan, S., Ralph, A. E. and Alec, C. G. (2015). Common lice and mites of poultry: Identification and treatment. ANR publication,University of
Campli, E., Di Bartolomeo, S., Pizzi, P., Giulio, M., Grande, R., Nostro, A. and Cellini, L. (2012). Activity of tea tree oil and nerolidol alone or in combination against Pediculus capitis (head lice) and its eggs. Parasitol. Res., 111:1985-1992.
Das, S. S., Bhatia, B.B and Kumar, A. (1993). Efficacy of Pestoban “D” against common poultry lice. Indian Vet. Res., 2(2):25-26.
Khan, V., Ahmad, A., Gupta, N. and Saxena, A.K. (2008). Lousicidal properties of Mentha oil against tropical hen louse. Indian Vet. J., 85:323-324.
Khater, H. F., El-shorbagy, M. M. and Seddiek, S. A. (2013). Lousicidal efficacy of camphor oil D- phenothrin and deltametrin against slender pigeon louse Columbicola columbae. Int. J. Vet. Sci. 2:7-13.
Kosale, S. B., Fursule, R. A. and Patel, R.C. (2009). Investigations of licicidal activity of some plants from Satpuda hills. Int. J. Pharm. Technol. Res., 1(3):564-567.
Kumar, S., Singh, S. K., Baslas, R. K., Ghildiyal, J. C. and Saxena, A. K. (2002a). Lousicidal properties of few aqueous plant extracts. Indian Vet. J., 79:1136-1140.
Kumar, S., Singh, S. K., Baslas, R.K.; Ghildiyal, J.C. and Saxena, A.K. (2002b). Isolation and characterization of lousicide from the leaves of Zanthoxylum alatum (Family : Rutaceae). Rivista di Parassitol, 19(63):137-140
Kumar, S., Singh, S. K., Ghilidyal, J. C., Baslas, R. K. and Saxena, A. K . (2003). The lousicidal potential of the seed extract of Zanthoxylum alatum. Indian Vet. J., 80: 848-850.
Lakshmanan, B., Radhika, R., Sreekrishnan, R. and Subramanian, H.(2013). In vitro studies on the effect of Allium sativum (garlic) on Damalinia caprae. J. Vet. Anim. Sci, 44:61-62.
Maske, D.K. and Bhilegaonkar, N.G. (1995). Field trials of “Ectozee” against ectoparasite of cattle and dogs. Indian J. Indig Med., 17(2):31-33.
Maske, D.K. and Bhilegaonkar, N.G. (1996). In vitro trials of “Ectozee” against ectoparasite of cattle and dogs. Indian J Indig Med., 18(1):67-69.
Maske, D. K., Kolte, S. W. and Jangda, C. R. (2000). Efficacy of neem based compound “Nimbitor” against ectoparasites of cattles. Indian Vet. J., 77:103-106.
Yones, D., Bakir, H. and Bayoumi, S. (2016). Chemical composition and efficacy of some selected plant oils against Pediculus humanus capitis in vitro. Parasitol. Res., 115(8):3209-3218.
Citation Format
How to Cite
Rashmi, A., Ahmad, A., & Saxena, A. K. (2018). Mortality caused by aqueous extract of the leaves of Datura stramineus to goat biting louse, Bovicola caprae (Phthiraptera). Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 10(1), 77-79. Retrieved from https://journals.ansfoundation.org/index.php/jans/article/view/1582
More Citation Formats:
Research Articles