Wood is most preferred structural material throughout the world and is considered as a complex biological composite with ubiquitous nature. Throughout the world there is an immense pressure on primary durable timbers due to their ever increasing demand. To reduce pressure on the primary species like; Teak, Sal and Deodar etc. one has to look for the other lesser known or secondary species as an alternative. Durability of these species can be enhanced with application of different preservatives and for this one of the best approach is to use herbal based ecofriendly preservatives rather than hazardous chemicals. In this study, the antifungal activity of Acorus calamus rhizome extract was tested on less durable local wood species. The results showed that average growth of Polyporus fungus on taken wood samples were retarded up to 69.44% after applying 2% concentration of rhizome extract and act as suitable bio-preservative for non durable wood species.
Acorus calamus, Biopreservative, Decay resistance, Fungal decay, Rhizome extract
Bazaid, S.A. and Nehal, S.E. 2010. Assessment of the Bioregulatory Activity of the Leaf Juices of Higher Plants in Al-Taif, Saudi Arabia against Fusarium solani, Phytopthora spp. and Rhizoctonia solani. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection. 43(11): 1064-1071.
Chauhan, K. (2013). Studies on wood characteristics using Melia azedarach L leaves extract as a wood biopreservative. M.Sc. Thesis, Dr. Y. S. Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni (Solan) 74 p.
Craig, J.B., Rodney, A.E. and Thorp, C.H. (2001). Effects of chromated copper arsenate (CCA) wood preservative on early fouling community formation. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 42 (11): 1103-1113.
Devi, N. (2013). Studies on wood characteristics using Ageratum conyzoides L. extract as a wood biopreservative. M.Sc. Thesis, Dr .Y. S. Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni (Solan) 77 p.
FSI, 2015 – www.fsi.nic.in
Gomez, K. A. and Gomez, A. A. (1984). Statistical procedures for agricultural research. John Wiley and sons, New Delhi, 680 p
Goktas, O., Mammadov, R., Baysal, E., Duru, M.E., Ozen, E. and Colak, A.M. (2007). Application of extracts from poisonous plant, Nerium oleander L. as a wood preservative. African Journal of Biotechecnology. 6(17): 2003-2003.
Kartal, S.N., Dorau, B.F., Lebow, S.T. and Green, F. (2004). Effects of inorganic ions on leachability of wood preserving N, N-hydroxynaphthalaiflide (NHA). Forest Product Journal. 54: 80-84.
McGraw, L.J., Jager, A.K. and Van Staden, J. (2002). Isolation of ?-asarone, an antibacterial compound from Acorus calamus in South Africa. South African Journal of Botany. 68: 31-35.
Mukherjee, P.K., Kumar, V. and Houghton, P.J. (2007). In vitro acetyl cholinesterase inhibitory activity of essential oil from Acorus calamus and its main constituents. Planta Medica. 73(3): 283-285.
McKinney. H.H. (1923). Influence of soil temperature and moisture on infection of wheat seedlings by Helminthosporium sativum. Journal of Agriculture Research. 26: 195-217.
Parrett, Sheena, and Whit field. (1995). Antihelminthic and pesticidal activity of Acorus. Annal of Plant Protection Sciences. 20(2): 452p.
Kabir, A.H. and Alam, M.F. (2007). Reduction of Environmental Toxicity Through Eco-friendly Wood Biopreservative. International Research Group on Wood Preservation. IRG/WP: 07-50243.
Kityo, P.W. and Plumptre R.A. (1997). The Uganda Timbers users Handbook. A guide to better timber use. Common Wealth Secretariat, London.
Raina, V.K., Srivastava, S.K. and Syamasunder, K.V. (2003). Essential oil composition of Acorus calamus L. from the lower region of the Himalayas. Flavour and Fragrance Journal. 18: 18-20.
Rowell, R.M., Kattenbroek, B., Ratering, P., Bongers, F., Leicher, F. and Stebbins, H. (2008). Production of Dimensionally Stable and Decay Resistant Wood Components Based on Acetylation. Presented at International Conference on Durability of Building Materials and Components, Istanbul, Turkey.
Rowell, R.M. (2013). Handbook of wood chemistry and wood composites. 2nd ed. CRC Press. Boca Raton; London; New York. 687p.
Schultz, T.P. and Nicholas, D.D. (2002). Development of Environmentally-benign Wood Preservatives based on the Combination of Organic Biocides with Antioxidants and Metal chelators. Phytochemistry. (61): 555-560.
Ssemaganda I.E., Mugabi, P. and Tumwebaze, S.B. (2011). Effectiveness of selected preservatives in Protecting ugandan grown Eucalyptus grandis wood Against termite attack. Maderas. Ciencia y Tecnología. 13(2): 135-142.
Tripathi, S., Rawat, K., Dhayani, S. and Pant, H. (2009). Potential of Lantana camara L. weed against wood destroying fungi. The Indian forester. 135(3): 403-411.
Vincent, J.M. (1947). Distortion of fungal hyphae in the presence of certain inhibitors. Nature. 150: 850p.
Vohra, S. B., Shah, S. A. and Dandia, P. C. (1990). Central nervous system studies on an ethanol extracts of Acorus calamus rhizomes. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 28: 53-62.
Wegner, T., Skog, E., Ince, P. J. and Michler, C. J. (2010). Uses and Desirable Properties of Wood in the 21st Century. Journal of Forestry. 165-173pp.
This work is licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) © Author (s)