Linseed is an industrial crop cultivated for its seeds, fibres and oil purpose. Linseed crop can met their requirement i.e. moisture and nutritional demand from stored soil moisture and residual fertility status in "uteraâ€Ÿ or "pairaâ€Ÿ system of cropping. On the basis of this fact an experiment was conducted on â€œSeed yield of linseed varieties grown as paira crop as influenced by dates of sowingâ€ in red and laterite zone of West Bengal during rabi season of 2012-13 and 2013-14 at Rice Research Station, Bankura, West Bengal, India. Poor in organic matter content, available phosphate and bases, hard structure of iron and aluminium patterned as honeycomb are present in the subsurface regions of the profiles and kaolinite is the predominant clay minerals of red and lateritic zone (western part) of West Bengal. This experiment was laid out in a split-plot design with three replications and compared two factors (dates of sowing and linseed varieties). Objective was identifying the optimum date of sowing and suitable linseed varieties grown as â€žpairaâ€Ÿ crop under changed climate in red and laterite zone of West Bengal. The experimental results revealed that the highest seed yield (534 kg ha-1 as pooled value) was recorded from the treatment D1 i.e. linseed sown on 15th November. The lowest seed yield (489.2 kg ha-1 as pooled value) was obtained with treatment D3 i.e. linseed sown on 29th November. Among linseed varieties, T-397 has yielded highest seed yield (573.4 kg ha-1 as pooled value). Lowest seed yield (409. 3 kg ha-1 as pooled data) was recorded from Neela variety. From the present study it may be concluded that linseed sown on 15th November is the best time and T-397 is the suitable linseed variety grown as "pairaâ€Ÿ crop under changed climate in red and laterite zone of West Bengal.
Linseed, Paira crop, Sowing dates, Variety and Western zone of West Bengal
AICRP report on Oilseeds (Linseed), Principal Scientist and Linseed Breeder. College of Agriculture, Nagpur.
Al-Doori, Saad A. (2012) influence of sowing date on growth, yield and quality of some flax genotypes. College of Basic Education Research Journal, 12(1):733-744
Anonymous (2008). Oilseed crop, Flax. Oregon State University, U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Balalic, I., Zoric, M., Brankovic, G., Terzic, S., and Crnobarac, J. (2012). Interpretation of hybrid x sowing date interaction for oil contents and oil yield in sunflower. Field Crops Res. 137: 70-77.
Dimmock, J.P.R.E., S.J. Bennett, D. Wright, G Edwards Jones and I.M. Harris. (2005). Agronomic evaluation and performance of flax varieties for industrial fibre production J. of Agric. Sci. 143:299-309.
DES (2010). Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Agricultural Statistics at a Glance, Department of Agricultural and cooperation. Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India, 2010.
Dixit, J. P., Chourasia, S. K., Pillani, P. V. A. and Khan, R. A. (1992). Assessment of linseed (Linum usitatissium L.) varieties under double-cropping system in Tawa command. Indian J. Agron., 39 (1): 105-109.
Elayan sohair, E.D., Amany A, M., Nemat, A. N. and Doaa M, I. (2015). Effect of sowing date on yield, fibre and seed quality of eight flex genotypes, American- Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci., 15 (5): 886-895.
El-Nagdy, G. A., Nassar, D. M. A., El-Kady, E. A. and El-Yamanee G. S. A. (2010). Response of flax plant (Linum usitatissium L.) to treatments with mineral and bio-fertilizers from nitrogen and phosphorus. J. Amer. Sci., 6 (10): 207-217.
El-Refaey, R.A., E. H. El-Seidy and I.A.E., El-Deeb. (2010). Effect of sowing dates under different environment condition on yield and quality of some flex genotypes. Alex. J. Agric. Res., 55 (2): 33-41.
El-shimy, G. H., S.H.A. Mostafa and M.A. Abd El-Dayem. (2002). Effect of NPK fertilizer levels on yield and its components of some flax genotypes. Ann. Agric. Sci. Moshtohor, 40 (1): 6779.
El-Shimy, G.M.; S.H.A. Mostafa and E.A. Moawed. (2001). Effect of mineral and biophosphorus fertilization on productivity and quality of Sakha I and Giza 8 flax varieties. Egypt. J. Apple. Sci., 16 (8): 101-117.
Farhadi, N., Souri, M. K., Alirezalu, A. and Moghaddam, M. (2013). Effects of sowing dates on quantity and quality of castor bean (Ricinus communis L.) under semi-arid condition in Iran. Z Arznei-Gewurzpfla., 18 (2): 72-77.
Fisher, R. A. (1937). Statistical method for research workers. Oliver and Boyd and Co. Ins Endinburgh.
El-Deep, E.E.A. and A. A. Abd El-Fatah. (2006). Effect of sowing and harvesting dates on yield and its quality for some flax varieties. J Agric. Sci. Mansoura univ., 31 (9): 5557-5566.
Ghanem, S.A. I. (1990). The influence of N fertilization and sowing, harvesting dates on oil, fibre yields and their contributing characters of flax. Zagazig. J. Agric. Res. 17 (3): 575-587.
Hussein, M.M.M. (2007). Response of some flax genotypes to bio and nitrogen fertilization Zagazig. J. Agric. Res., 34(5): 815-844.
Jackson, ML. (1973). Soil Chemical Analysis. New Delhi, Prentice Hall of India Private Limited, New Delhi: 326-338.
Jana, K., Mallick, G. K. and Ghosh, S. (2013). Performance of different linseed varieties in â€˜pairaâ€™ cropping system. Crop Research, 46 (1, 2 & 3): 119-121.
Jhala, A. J. and Hall, L. M. (2010). Flax (Linum usitatissium L.): Current uses and future applications. Aust. J. Basic Appl. Sci., 4 (9): 4304-4312.
Kalita, H., Bora, P. C. and Debnath, M. C. (1999). Effect of sowing dates and tillage on the soil properties, nutrient uptake and yield of linseed (Linum usitatissium L.) grown in winter rice (Oryza sativa). India J. Agron., 50 (1): 70-72.
Mirshekari, M., Amiri, R., Iran Nezhad, H., Sadat Noori, S. A. and Zand Vakili O. R. (2012b). Effects of palnting date and water deficit on quantative and qualitative traits of flax seed. Am. Eur. J. Agric. Environ. Sci., 12: 901-913.
Oomah, B. D. (2001). Flax seed as a functional food source. J. Sci. Food Agr., 81: 889-894.
Panse, V.G. and Sukhatme, P.V. (1967). Statistical methods for agricultural workers. (1stEd.) ICAR, New Delhi, India.
Raundal, P. V., Pohare, V. B. and Shinde, L. D. (2015). Response of different linseed varieties under extended sowing dates. Int. J. Tropical Agric., 33 (4): 3485-3488.
Rokade, B.S., Madane, K. T., Jadhav, J. D. and Kamble, P.S. (2015). Linseed sowing dates, genotypes influence on growth, yield attributes and yield. International Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 11. (2): 248-256.
Saghayesh, S. P., Moghaddam, M. and Mehdizadeh, L. (2014). Effect of sowing dates on the morphological characteristics, oil yield and composition of fatty acids in flax (Linum usitatissium L.). Int. J. Agri. Crop. Sci., 7 (11): 915-922.
Saha, L.R. (2003). Flax - Oilseed crops. Handbook of Plant Protection published by Kalyani Publishers, Noida: 275-278.
Shaikh, F. G., Gokhale, D. N., Rokade, B. S. and Jadhav, P. J. (2009). Effect of sowing date on some growth characters in linseed. J. Agrometeorolo, 11 (2): 203-205.
Singh, C., Singh, P. and Singh, R. (2008). Linseed. Modern Techniques of Raising Field Crops published by Oxford & IBH Publishing CO. PVT. LTD., New Delhi: 355-362.
Singh, N., Palat, R., Dabbas, M. R. and Chandra, D. R. (2008). Effect of date of sowing on yield and disease intensity of Alternaria blight in linseed. Int. J. Plant Protection, 1 (2): 38-39.
Singh, S.S. (2009). Linseed, Oilseeds-Production Constraints & Strategies. Crop Management published by Kalyani Publishers, Noida: 258-259.
This work is licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) Â© Author (s)