Ramandeep Kaur H. S. Grewal


The hardwood cuttings of Calliandra haematocephala, Cassia biflora, Pyrostegia venusta and Clerodendrum splendens were treated with different growth regulator concentrations and combinations (T1: NAA100 mg/l, T2: NAA 300 mg/l, T3: NAA 500 mg/l, T4: IBA100 mg/l, T5: IBA 300 mg/l, T6: IBA 500 mg/l, T7: NAA 100 mg/l + IBA 50 mg/l, T8: NAA 50 mg/l + IBA100 mg/l, T9: NAA 100 mg/l + IBA100 mg/l and T10: Control) for 12 h and planted either in polybags containing soil or in sand beds for callusing. The treatment of hardwood cuttings with T6: IBA (500 mg/l) for 12h resulted in the maximum (33.33%) mean per cent sprouting 60 days after direct planting in all the four genotypes. Among the genotypes, the per cent sprouting was significantly more in C haematocephala (47.33%), followed by P venusta (8.66%), C splendens (7.33%) and C biflora (7.33%), irrespective of the growth regulator treatment. The hard-wood cuttings, planted in the sand beds for callusing (2 weeks) exhibited the maximum (28.33%) mean per cent sprouting with T6: IBA (500 mg/l, 12h), 60 days after transplanting in the polybags in all the four genotypes. Among the geno-types, the per cent sprouting was significantly more in C haematocephala (48.67%), followed by P venusta (6.67%) and C splendens (2.67%), irrespective of the growth regulator treatment, however, the cuttings failed to exhibit sproutingin C biflora. The treatment of cutting with IBA 500 mg/l increase the sprouting percentage in C haematocephala, P venusta and C splendens which otherwise were difficult to propagate through cutting.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...




Calliandra haematocephala, Growth Regulators, Hardwood cutting, IBA, NAA

Akhtar, G., Akram, A., Sajjad, Y., Balal, R.M., Shahid, M.A., Sardar, H., Naseem, K. and Shahm S.M. (2015). Potential of plant growth regulators on modulating rooting of Rosa centifolia. Am. J. Plant Sci., 6: 659-65.
Alshammary, S. F. and Shahba, M. A. (2013). Rooting of firebush shrub hardwood cuttings using growth regulator long duration application. J. Food Agric. Environ.,11:2283-88.
Arora, J. S., (2013) Introductory Ornamental Horticulture. Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi, India.
Bhatt, B. P. and Badoni, A. K. (1993). Studies on vegetative propagation in Ficus glomerata L. Moraceae stem cutting. Indian forester,119(3):247-251.
Bhatt, B. P. and Todaria, N. P. (1990). Seasonal rooting behaviour of stem cuttings of some agroforestry tree species of Garhwal Himalaya. Ind. J. For.,13(4):362-364.
Chauhan, D. S., Bhatt, B. P. and Todaria, N. P. (1996). Seasonal rooting and nodulation response in Desmodium elegans as influenced by exogenous application. J. Trop. For. Sci.,9:67-74.
Cong, X. (1991). Studies on reproduction with green cutting of Prunus triloba var. plena. Acta Hort.Sinica.,18:278-80.
Fisher, R. A. (1950). Statistical method for research works. Oiver and Boyd Edinburg. p-248-98.
Hartmann, T. H., Kester. D. E., Davies, F. T. and Geneve, R. L. (2009).Technique of propagation by cuttings. Plant propagation principal and practices. PHI Learning Private Limited, New Delhi.
Ingole, M. V., Gajbhiye, R. P., Ghormade, G. N., and Bhande, M. H. (2016). Effect of IBA and types of cuttings on rooting in Ficus benjamina (L.). Journal of Soils and Crops, 26(2): 302-05.
Jamal, A., Ayub, G., Rahman, A., Rashid, A., Ali, J., and Shahab, M. (2016). Effect of IBA (Indole Butyric Acid) levels on the growth and rooting of different cutting types of Clerodendrum splendens. Pure Appl. Biol., 5(1): 64-71.
Joshi, N. K., Sharma, S., Shamet, G. S. and Dhiman, R. C. (1992). Studies on effect of auxin and season on rooting stem cutting of some important shrubs in nursery beds. Indian Forester,118: 893-900.
Karami, A.and Salehi, H. (2010). Adventitious root formation in Rohida (Tecomella undulata(Sm.) seem) cutting. Propagation of Ornamental Plants10:163-65.
Kaur. S., (2017). Evaluation of different doses of indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) on the rooting, survival and vegetative growth performance of hardwood cuttings of Flordaguard peach (Prunus persica L. Batch). Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 9 (1): 173 -180.
Masoodi, N. A, Srivastva, L. J. and Mir, N. A. (1994). Studies on the effect of growth regulators on initiation of rooting in cuttings of Glycyrrhiza blabra Linn. Indian J. Physiol., 37:28-29.
Nautiyal, S., Uma, S., Gwiumuriti and Singh, U. (1991). Rooting response of branch cutting of teak (Tectonagrandis) as influenced by season and growth hormones. Indian Forester,117: 249-55.
Ratnamala, M., Kumar, B.P., Swami, D.V. and Suneetha, D.R.S. (2014). Effect of auxins and type of cutting on propagation of phalsa (Grewia subinaequalis DC.) un-der shade net condition. Green Farming, 5 (3): 419-423.
Ribeiro, M. M., Collado, L. M. and Antunes, M. A. (2010). The influence of indole-3-butyric-acid in Prunus Laurocerasus vegetative propagation. Acta Hort, 885.
Shekhawat, M. S. and Manokari, M. (2016). Impact of Auxins on Vegetative Propagation through Stem Cuttings of Couroupita guianensis Aubl.: A Conservation Approach. Scientific, p-1-7.
Singh, S. (2000).Effect of growth regulator treatment on rooting and propagation of ornamental shrubs. M.Sc. thesis, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India.
Sofi, P. A., Bhat, S. A., Masoodi, T. H., Islam, M. A., Bhat, G. M. and Malik, A. R. (2016). Propagation of Himalayan maple (Acer caesium Wall.) through seed and softwood cuttings. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 8 (3): 1235-40.
Strydem, D.K. and Hartman, H.T. (1960). Effect of indole butyric acid and respiration and nitrogen metabolism in Marianna 2624 plum softwood stem cuttings. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort., 45(1-2): 81-82.
Citation Format
How to Cite
Kaur, R., & Grewal, H. S. (2017). Effect of growth regulator treatment on bud sprouting of hardwood cutting in different ornametal plants. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 9(4), 2068–2072. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v9i4.1490
More Citation Formats:
Research Articles