##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

S. Datta J. C. Jana P. T. Bhaisare K. H. Nimbalkar

Abstract

Turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) being a long crop duration, rhizomatous nature and high productivity it re-quires heavy input of fertilizers. Keeping this in view, an experiment was conducted at the Instructional farm of Uttar Banga Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Pundibari, Cooch Behar, West Bengal during 2009-10 and 2010-11 to study the effect of organic source of nutrients and biofertilizers on growth, yield and quality of Turmeric (Curcuma longa L.). The results revealed that application of green leaf manure (from Glyricidia maculata) @ 12tonnes/ha along with rock phosphate @ 0.2 tonnes/ha, wood ash @ 1 tonnes/ha, Azospirillum @ 5kg/ha + PSB @ 5kg/ha (T5) gave the sig-nificantly highest fresh (29.27 tonnes/ha) and dry yield (7.81 tonnes/ha) followed by vermicompost 5 tonnes/ha along with Azospirillum @ 5kg/ha + PSB @ 5kg/ha (T4) (26.30 tonnes/ha and 6.99 tonnes/ha, respectively) which was statistically at par with sole application of 30 tonnes/ha farm yard manure (T2) ( 26.00 tonnes/ha and 6.77 tonnes/ha, respectively). Next highest dry yield (6.40 tonnes/ha) was recorded in control plots (T6) of recommended dose of fertilizers at the rate of 80:80:120 kg N, P2O5 and K2O/ ha along farm yard manure @ 15 tonnes/ha. The lowest fresh yield of 19.31 tonnes/ha and dry yield (5.26 tonnes/ha) was recorded in the treatment of sole application of FYM @ 15 tonnes/ha (T1). Somewhat higher dry recovery percentage was recorded in case of all the organic treatments compared to control treatment (T6). Maximum dry recovery (27.22%) and curcumin content (5.24%) was recorded in the treatment of sole application of FYM @ 15 tonnes/ha (T1). It may be concluded that the application of green leaf manure (from Glyricidia maculata) @ 12tonnes/ha along with rock phosphate @ 0.2 tonnes/ha, wood ash @ 1 tonnes/ha, Azospirillum @ 5kg/ha and PSB @ 5kg/ha was the best treatment followed by application of Vermicompost @ 5 tonnes/ha + Azospirillium @5 kg/ha + PSB @ 5 kg/ha and application of farm yard manure @ 30 tonnes/ha treatments for dry yield and quality of turmeric.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

Biofertilizer, Growth, Organic, Quality, Turmeric, Yield

References
Anonymous (2012). Major State wise Area and production of Spices in India, Retrieved June, 20 2013 from http://www.indianspices.com/statistics
Devi, K.S.P. and Sangamithra, A. (2011). Turmeric - Indian Saffron. Technical Bulletin: Science Tech Entrepreneur, pp. 1-7
Dinesh, R., Srinivasan, V., Hamza, S. and Manjusha, A. (2010). Short term incorporation of organic manures and biofetilizers influences biochemical and microbial characteristics of soil under an annual crop (Curcuma longa L.). Bioresource Tech. 101: 4697-4702
Gomez, K. A. and Gomez, A. A. (1984). Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research (2nd Ed.). A Willey-Inter Science Publication (John Wiley and sons), New York, pp. 20-30
Govind S., Gupta, P.N. and Chandra, R. (1990). Response of N and P levels on growth and yield components of turmeric in acid soils of Meghalaya. Indian J.Hort. 47:79-84
Hossain, A.Md. and Ishimine, Y. (2007). Effect of farm yard manure on growth and yield of turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) cultivated in dark red soil, red soil and gray soil in Okinawa, Japan. Plant Prod. Sci. 10(1):146-150
Jagadeeswaran, R., Muruggappan, V. and Govindswamy, M. (2007). Effect of slow release NPK fertilizer sources on the nutrient use efficiency in turmeric (Curcuma longa L.). World J. Agril. Sci., 1: 65-69
Kamal, M.Z.U. and Yousuf, M.N. (2012). Effect of organic manures on growth, rhizome yield and quality attributes of turmeric (Curcuma longa L.). The Agriculturist., 10(1):16-22
Manhass, S.S. and Gill, B.S. (2010). Effect of planting materials, mulch levels and farm yard manure on growth, yield and quality of turmeric (Curcuma longa L.). Indian J. Agril. Sci., 80(3):227-233
Mohapatra, S.C. and Das, T.K. (2009). Integrated effect of biofertilizers and organic manures on turmeric (Curcuma longa L.). Env. and Eco. 27(3A):1444-1445.
Sadasivam, S. and Manickam, A. (1996). Ascorbic Acid. In: Biochemical Methods. New Age International Publishers, New Delhi
Sarma, I., Phukon, M., and Borgohain, R. (2015). Effect of Organic Manure, Vermicompost and Neemcake on Growth, Yield and Profitability of Turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) Variety-Megha Turmeric-1. Asian J. Bio Sci. 10(2) : 133-137

Singh, A.P., Singh, R.P., Singh, J. and Singh S.K. (2012). Integrated response of inorganic and bio-fertilizers on yield and yield attributes of turmeric. Hort Flora Res. Spectrum 1(4) : 358-361
Singh, R.P., Jain P.K., Verma, A. and Jhade, R.K. (2015). Yield and quality parameters of turmeric as influenced by application of bio-fertilizers and organic manures. Environ. & Ecol. 33(1) : 50-54
Sreekala, G.S. (2015). Effect of organic manures and biofertilizers on nutrient status of soil in ginger intercropped in coconut garden. Int. J. Cur Res. 7(3) : 13694-13698
Srinivasan, V., Sadanadan, A.K. and Hamza, S. (2000). An INM approach in spices with special references on coir compost. In.: International Conference on Managing Natural Resources for Sustainable Agricultural Production in 21st Century. Vol. 3. Resource Management, 14-18 February, 2000, New Delhi (pp. 1363-1365)
Velmurugan, M., Chezhian, N. and Jwaharlal, M. (2007). Studies on the effect of organic manures and biofertilizers on rhizome yield and its attributes of turmeric cv. BSR-1. The Asian J. Hort. 2(2):23-29
Wanj, B. and Qui, Y.L. (2006). Phylogenetic distribution and evaluation of mycorrhizas in land plants. Mycorrhiza, 16 : 299-363
Yamawaki, K., Matsumura, A., Hattori, R., Tarui, A., Hossain, M.A., Ohashi, Y. and Daimon, H. (2013). Effect of inoculation with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on growth, nutrient uptake and curcumin production of turmeric (Curcuma longa L.). Agril. Sci. 4(2): 6-71
Citation Format
How to Cite
Datta, S., Jana, J. C., Bhaisare, P. T., & Nimbalkar, K. H. (2017). Effect of organic source of nutrients and biofertilizers on growth, yield and quality of turmeric (Curcuma longa L.). Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 9(4), 1981–1986. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v9i4.1477
More Citation Formats:
Section
Research Articles