##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

Vipin Kumar V.P. Chaudhary Dharmendra Kumar Ajay Kumar Sushma Sagar Sorabh Chaudhary

Abstract

Among the fungal diseases, sheath blight, caused by multinucleate Rhizoctoniasolani Kuhn (teleomorph: Thanatephorus cucumeris Donk), a ubiquitous pathogen, is an important fungal disease of rice ranking only after blast and often rivalling it. The potential losses due to sheath blight alone in India has been up to 51.3%. In this study an attempt was made to investigate the antifungal efficacy of botanicals viz., neem (Azadirachtaindica), tulsi (Ocimum sanctum), garlic (Allium sativum), onion (Allium cepa), ginger (Zingiberofficinale) and various fungicides namely mancozeb, propiconazole, hexaconazole, carbendazim, and copper oxychlorideagainst Rhizoctoniasolani in vitro by poison food technique. R. solani was allowed to grow at 5%, 10% concentrations of botanicals and at 200, 500, 1000ppm of fungicides amended potato dextrose agar (PDA) medium. The effect of botanicals and fungicides on mycelial growth inhibition was recorded after 36, 48 and 72 post hrs inoculation (phi). It was observed that bulb extract of Allium sativum and rhizome extract of Zingier officinal suppressed the mycelial growth (80.19 and 76.32, respectively) @ 10% followed by leaf extract of Azadirachtaindica (72.78 %) after 72 phi. Among the fungicides, the complete fungal growth inhibition was observed in propiconazole and carbendazim fungicides amended medium.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

Garlic, Efficacy, Chemical fungicides, Rhizoctoniasolani, Sheath blight

References
Alibi, O. and Olorunju, E.P. (2004). Evaluation of neem seed extract, black Soap and cow dung for the control of Groundnut leaf spot at samara. Nigeria. Arch. Phytopathol. Plant Prot. 37: 123-127.
Anonymous, (2016).Food and Agriculture Originations of the United Nation.
Anonymous, (2016).Press Information Bureau, Government of India, Ministry of Agriculture Feb. 15. 2016. 16: 06 I.S.T.
Bhanu, K.V. Rao, N.M. and Reddy, P.S. (2007). Compatibility of certain promising pesticides against planthoppers and sheath blight in rice. Indian Journal of Plant Protection. 35 (2): 279-282.
Biswas, A. (2007). Evaluation of neem formulations against sheath blight disease of rice. Indian Journal of Plant Protection. 35 (2): 296-298.
Dwivedi, J.L. (2014). Status paper on Rice in Uttar Pradesh. Rice Knowledge Management Portal (RKMP). Directorate of Rice Research, Rajendra nagar. Hyderabad.
Gupta, R.P. (2002). Fungicidal management of web blight of mungbean. J. Mycol. Pl. Pathol. 32 (1): 141.
Gurjar, A. Shahid, A. Masood, A. and Kangabam, S.S. (2012). Efficacy of plant extracts in plant disease management. Agric. Sci. 3: 425-433.
Handiseni, M. Brown, J. Zemetra, R. and Mazzola, M. (2013).Effect of Brassicaceae seed meals with different glucosinolate profiles on Rhizoctonia root rot in wheat. Crop Protection. 48: 1-5.
Hunjan, M.S. Love, J.S. Pannu, P.P.S. and Thind, T.S. (2011).Performance of some new fungicides against sheath blight and brown spot of rice. Plant Dis. Res. 26: 61-67.
Kohli, C.K. (1966). Pathogenicity and host range studies on paddy sheath blight pathogen RhizoctoniasolaniKühn. Journal and Research. P.A.U. 3: 7-40.
Kumar, R.B.P. Reddy, K.R.N. and Rao, K.S. (2009). Sheath blight disease of Oryzasativa and its management by biocontrol and chemical control in vitro.Electronic Journal of Environmental, Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 8 (8): 639-646.
Mishra, B.D. Sahoo, K.C. Sugata, G. and. Rout, M.K. (2005).In vitro evaluation of plant extracts, oil cakes and agrochemicals against web blight of green gram caused by Rhizoctoniasolani. J. Mycopatho. Res. 43: 255-257.
Miyake, I. (1910). Studies uber die pilze der Reisoplanze in Japan, J. coll. Agric. Tokyo. 2: 237-276.
Pane, C. Spaccini, R. Piccolo, A. Scala, F. Bonanomi, G. (2011). Compost amendments enhance peat suppressiveness to Pythiumultimum, Rhizoctoniasolani and Sclerotinia minor Biological Control. 56: 115–124.
Paracer, C.S. and Chahal, D.S. (1963). Sheath blight of rice caused by rhizoctoniasolaniKühn – A new record in India, Curr. Sci. 32: 328-329.
Park, H.J. Lee, J.Y. Moon, S.S.B. Hwang, K. (2003). Isolation and anti-omycete activity of nyasol from Anemarrhenaasphodeloides rhizomes. Phytochemistry. 64:997–1001.
Ranjan, N. Laha, S.K. Bhattacharya, P.M. and Dutta, S. (2005). Evaluation of new fungicidal formulation for controlling the rice sheath blight disease. Journalof Mycopathological Research. 43(1): 113-115.
Reinking, O.A. (1918). Philippine economic plant diseases. Philippine Journal of Science. 13: 165-274.
Soledade, M. Pedras, C. Sarwae, M. G. Suchy, M. Adio, A.M. (2006). The phytoalexins from cauliflower, caulilexins A, B and C: Isolation, structure determination, syntheses and antifungal activity. Phytochemistry. 67: 1503-1509.
Song, Z.W. Chen, X. Du, H. Zhang, L. Lin, H. Xu. (2011). Chemical constituents of Piceaneoveitchii. Phytochemistry. 72: 490–494.
Sriraj, P.P. Sundravadana, S. Adhipathi and Alice, D. (2014).Efficacy of fungicides, botanicals and bioagents against Rhizoctoniasolani inciting leaf blight on turmeric (Curcumalonga L.).African Journal of Microbiology Research. 8 (36): 3284-3294.
Tiwari, R. K.S. Chandravanshi, S.S. Ojha, B.M. and Thakur, B.S. (2002).In vitro and In vivo Efficacy of rice.J. Mycol. Pl. Pathol. 32 (3): 418.
Verma, A.K. (2011). Efficacy of certain botanicals and bio-agents against Rhizoctoniasolani (kuhn) causing web blight of mungbean (Vignaradiata) M.Sc. (Ag.) thesis. N.D.U.A.&T. Kumarganj, Faizabad.
Vincent, J. M. (1947). Distortion of fungal hyphae in presence of certain inhibitions. Nature. 159- 850.
Wei, C.T. (1934). Rhizoctonia sheath blight of rice. Bulletin, College of Agriculture and Forestry. University of Nanking 15: 21.
Yadav, B.C. Gupta, R. P. and Singh, R.V. (2007). Comparative performance of Trichoderma spp. as seed dresser and soil application against Fusarium wilt of Pigeonpea. J. Mycol. Pl. Pathol. 35 (3): 541.
Zheng, A. Lin, R. Zhang, D. Qin, P. Xu, L. Ai, P. Ding, L. Wang, Y. Chen, Y. Liu, Y. Sun, Z. Feng, H. Liang, X. Fu, R. Tang, C. Li, Q. Zhang, J. Xie, Z. Deng, Q. Li, S. Wang, S. Zhu, J. Wang, L. Liu, H. and Li, P. (2013). The evolution and pathogenic mechanisms of the rice sheath blight pathogen. Nature Communic.4: 14-24.
Citation Format
How to Cite
Kumar, V., Chaudhary, V., Kumar, D., Kumar, A., Sagar, S., & Chaudhary, S. (2017). Efficacy of botanicals and fungicides against Rhizoctonia solani inciting sheath blight disease on Rice (Oryza sativa L.). Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 9(4), 1916-1920. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v9i4.1463
More Citation Formats:
Section
Research Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)