Vikash Kumar Sanjay Sahay Vishal Nirgude Amrita Kumari Ravi S. Singh Hidayatullah Mir Shiv S. Mahesh Vinod Kumar


The field experiment was carried out at the research farm of Horticulture Garden, Bihar Agricultural College, Sabour, Bhagalpur during 2014-15 for assessment of genetic variability among different genotypes of cape gooseberry in India. The experiment was laid out in Randomized Block Design with three replications having twelve genotypes. Analysis of variance revealed significant differences among genotypes for all the traits studies which suggesting sufficient variability for yield and quality parameters. The overall values of phenotypic coefficient of variation (PCV) were higher than those of genetic coefficient of variation (GCV). Higher magnitude of GCV and PCV were recorded for fruit per plant percent (33.30 and 36.61) followed by fruit diameter, fruit weight and flowers per branch. The maximum GCV (33.30) and PCV (36.61) were recorded in fruits/plant respectively. The high values of GCV are the indication of excess variability among the genotypes and thus the scope for crop improvement depends on the selection of superior parents for crossing to get better parents for hybridization. In present study, the magnitude of heritability ranged from 37% to 98% indicating that these traits are controlled by additive gene action which is very useful in selection. The traits like plant girth, plant height, inter nodal length, appearance of 50% of flowering, bud break to full bloom, number of flowers per branch, number of fruits set per branch, duration of fruit set to maturity, fruit weight, fruit diameter and number of fruits per plant with high GCV, PCV, heritability and genetic advance as percentage of mean, indicating that these characters are under additive gene effects and more reliable for effective selection.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...




Cape gooseberry, GCV, Genetic advance, Heritability, PCA

Bala, S. and Gupta, R.C. (2011). Effect of secondary associations on meiosis, pollen fertility and pollen size in cape gooseberry (Physalis peruviana L.). Chrom. Bot., 6: 25-28.
Basavaraj, L.B., Vilas, D.G. and Vijaykumar, R. (2015). Study on genetic variability and characters inter-relationship of quality and yield components in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.). HortFlora Research Spectrum, 4(2):108-115.
Burton, G.W. and Devance, E.H. (1953). Estimating heritability in tall Fescue from replicated clonal material. Agron. J., 45: 474-481.
Ghosh, K. P., Islam, A. K. M. A., Mian, M. A. K. and Hossain, M. M. (2010). Variability and character association in F2 segregating population of different commercial hybrids of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.). J. Appl. Sci. Environ. Manage., 14: 91-95.
Gupta, S.K. and Roy, S.K. (1980). Multipurpose cape gooseberry. Indian J. Hort., 24(4): 11.
Gutierrez, M.S., Trinchero, G.D., Cerri, A.M., Vilella, F. and Sozzi, G.O. (2008). Different responses of golden berry fruit treated at four maturity stages with the ethylene antagonist 1-methylcyclopropene. Postharvest Biol. Technol., 48: 199-205.
Johnson, W.W., Robinson, H.F. and Comstock, R.E. (1955). Genotypic and phenotypic correlation in Soybeans and their implications in selection. Agron. J., 47: 477-482.
Kaushik, S. K., Tomar, D. S. and Dixit, A. K. (2011). Genetics of fruit yield and it’s contributing characters in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum). J. Agric. Biotech. Sustainable Devlop., 3(10): 209-213.
Kumar, K., Sharma, D., Trivedi, J. and Kumar, D. (2016). Genetic variability, heritability and genetic advance for fruit yield and yield attributes in cherry tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L. var. cerasforme). Environment & Ecology, 34(2A):718-721.
Licodiedoff, S., Koslowski, L. A. D. and Ribani, R. H. (2013). Flavonols and antioxidant activity of Physalis peruviana L. fruit at two maturity stages. Acta Scientiarum. Technology, 35, 393-399.
Lush, J.L. (1949). Heritability of quantitative characters in Farm animals. Hereditas, 35: 356-375.
Majumder, K. and Mazumdar, B.C. (2002). Changes of pectic substances in developing fruits of cape-gooseberry (Physalis peruviana L.) in relation to the enzyme activity and evolution of ethylene. Sci. Hort., 96: 91-101.
Menzel, M.Y. (1951). The cytotaxonomy and genetics of Physalis. Proc. Americ. Philosop. Soci., 95: 132¬83.
Nagariya, N.K., Mukherjee, S. and Sharma, N. (2015). Genetic variability, heritability and genetic advance in tomato (Solanum lycopersicon L.). Annals of Biology, 31(1):91-93.
Panse, V.G. and Sukhatme, P.V. (1967). Statistical method for agricultural research workers ICAR, New Delhi.
Pradeep, K.T., Bastian, D., Joy, M., Radhakrishan, N.V. and Aipe, K.C. (2001). Genetic variability in tomato for yield and resistance to bacterial wilt. J. Trop. Agric., 39: 157-158.
Robinson, H.F., Comstock, R.E. and Harvey, P.H. (1949). Estimates of heritability and degree of dominance in corn. Agron. J., 41: 253-259.
Robinson, H.F., Comstock, R.E. and Harvey, P. (1966). Quantitative genetics in relation to breeding on the centennial of Mendelism. Indian J. Genet., 26: 171-177.
Singh, O. and Kumar, J. (2005). Variability, heritability and genetic advance in brinjal. Indian J. Hort., 62 (3): 265-267.
Strik, B.C. (2007). Berry crops: Worldwide area and production systems. In: Zhao Y, editor. Berry Fruit: Value-Added Products for Health Promotion. 1st ed. Boca Raton, FL, USA: CRC Press, Pp.3-50.
Trinchero, G., Sozzi, G., Cerri, A.M., Vilella, F. and Fraschina, A. (1999). Ripening-related changes in ethylene production, respiration rate and cell-wall enzyme activity in goldenberry (Physalis peruviana L.), a solanaceous species. Postharvest Biol. Technol., 16: 139-145.
Vavilov, N.I. (1951). The origin variation immunity and breeding of cultivated plant. Soil Sci., 72: 482.
Citation Format
How to Cite
Kumar, V., Sahay, S., Nirgude, V., Kumari, A., Singh, R. S., Mir, H., Mahesh, S. S., & Kumar, V. (2017). Assessment of genetic variability among different genotypes of Cape gooseberry (Physalis peruviana L.) in India. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 9(3), 1735–1739. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v9i3.1430
More Citation Formats:
Research Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>