Tapan Kumar Kisku Ashim Datta Nirmalendu Basak Sunil Mandi Sandip Hembram Ratneswar Roy


hree soil profiles from Regional Research Station of Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Gayeshpur situated in New Alluvial zone of Nadia district, West Bengal were studied to assess the predictability of the hydraulic conductivity of the soil as influenced by different physical and chemical and properties of cultivated and forest land. The various statistical procedures were employed on the measured laboratory based data for comprehensive agree-ment of dependent hydraulic conductivity of soils as a model function of independent soil variables that is likely to be useful for different land cover systems. Soils are neutral in reaction, silty clay to silty clay loam in nature. Forest soil contained greater organic carbon (OC) (5.9 ± 0.16 g kg-1) compared to cultivated soil (4.4 ± 0.34 g kg-1). Jhau plan-tation recorded the highest value (6.8 g kg-1) of OC due to soil texture and cation exchange capacity (CEC). Soil hydraulic conductivity was greater in soil for cabbage and Sagun tree among the cultivated and forest soil studied with values 2.80 and 1.10 cmh -1. Correlation study showed a positive and negative relation with hydraulic conductiv-ity for sand (r= 0.68; P > 0.05) and clay (r= - 0.71; P > 0.05) respectively. Further, principal component analysis con-cluded that addition of bulk density with clay and sand can predict the hydraulic conductivity for different land uses.




Forest land, Hydraulic conductivity, Land cover, Principal component analysis

Assouline, S. and Or, D. (2013). Conceptual and parametric representation of soil hydraulic properties: a review. Vadose Zone J., 12: 1–20. http://dx.doi.org/10.2136/vzj2013.07.0121.
Bandyopadhyay, P. K., Saha, S. and Mallick, S. (2011). Comparison of Soil Physical Properties between a Permanent Fallow and a Long-Term Rice–Wheat Cropping with Inorganic and Organic Inputs in the Humid Subtropics of Eastern India, Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 42:435–449. DOI: 10.1080/00103624.2011.542358.
Bardhan, G., Russo, D., Goldstein, D., Levy, G.J. (2016) Changes in the hydraulic properties of a clay soil under long-term irrigation with treated wastewater,
Geoderma, 264A(15):1-9. doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2015.10.004.
Basak, N., Datta, A., Mitran, T., Singha Roy, S., Saha, B.,N., Biswas, S., Mandal, B. (2016) Assessing soil quality indices for sub-tropical rice-based cropping systems in India. Soil Research, 54(1): 20-29 (DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/SR14245).
Bezabih, B., Aticho, A., Mossisa, T. and Dume, B. (2016). The effect of land management practices on soil physical and chemical properties in Gojeb Sub-river Basin of Dedo District, Southwest Ethiopia. Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management, 7(10):154-165.
Blake, G.R and Hartge, R.R. (1986). Bulk density. In A klute (Ed.), Method of soil analysis. Part I Physical and Mineralogical Methods (2nd ed.) American society of Agronomy, Medison, WI. pp.363-382.
Bormann, H. and Klaassen, K. (2008) Seasonal and land use dependent variability of soil hydraulic and soil hydrological properties of two Northern German soils, Geoderma, 145 (3-4): 295-302. DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2008.03.017.
Bouma, J., van Hoorn, J.W. and Stoffelsen, G. H. (1981). Measuring the hydraulic conductivity of soil adjacent to tile drains in a heavy clay soil in The Netherlands. Journal of Hydrology,50: 371-381.
Bouyoucos, G. J. (1962). Hydrometer method improved for making particle size analysis of soil. Agronomy Journal,54: 464-465.
Chaudhari, S.K., Singh, R. and Kumar, A. (2010). Suitability of a hydraulic conductivity model for predicting salt effects on swelling soils. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 173: 360–367. DOI: 10.1002/jpln.200800075.
Chaudhari, S.K., Bardhan, G., Kumar, P., Singh, R., Mishra, A. K., Rai, P., Singh, K. and Sharma, D. K. (2015). Short-Term Tillage and Residue Management Impact on Physical Properties of a Reclaimed Sodic Soil. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science, 63(1): 0-38. DOI: 10.5958/0974-0228.2015.00005.5.
Conforti, M., Lucà, F., Scarciglia, F., Matteucci, G., Buttafuoco, G. (2016b) Soil carbon stock in relation to soil properties and landscape position in a forest ecosystem of southern Italy (Calabria region). Catena, 144, 23-33., DOI. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2016.04.023.
Datta, A., Basak, N., Chaudhari, S.K., and Sharma, D.K. (2015) Soil properties and organic carbon distribution under different land use in reclaimed sodic soils of North-West India. Geoderma Regional, 4: 134-146 (DOI..http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geodrs.)
Deb, S., Chakraborty, S., Weindorf, D.C., Murmu, A., Banik, P., Debnath, M. K. and Choudhury, A. (2016) Dynamics of organic carbon in deep soils under rice and non-rice cropping systems, Geoderma Regional, 7(4): 388-394.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geodrs.2016.11.004.
Gomez, K. A. and Gomez, A. A. (1984). Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. John Wiley and Sons, New York 19-97.
Jackson, M.L. (1973). Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.
Malhi, S. S., Nyborg, M., Goddard, T. and Puurveen, D. (2011). Long-term tillage, straw and N rate effects on some chemical properties in two contrasting soil types in Western Canada. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 90: 133–146. DOI 10.1007/s10705-010-9417-x.
Mandal, B. (2011). Soil Organic Carbon Research in India-A way forward. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science, 59 (Supplement): S9- S22.
Nayak, A. K., Chinchmalatpure, A. R., Rao, G. G., Khandelwal, M. K. and Nath, A. (2004). Interrelationship between water retention, transmission and some soil parameters of typical black soils of Gujarat state. Agropedology,14(1): 38-44.
Ndiaye, B., Molenat, J., Hallair, V., Gascual, C. and Hamon, Y. (2007). Effects of agricultural practices on hydraulic properties and water movement in soils in Britanny (France). Soil and Tillage Research,93(2): 251-263.
Nelson, D. W. and Sommers, L. E. (1982). Total carbon, Organic carbon, and Organic matter. In: Methods of soil analysis. Part II (A.L. page, R.H. Millar and D.R. Keeny, ( Eds.), ASA Monograph 9, Madison, Wisconsin. pp. 539-580.
Newaj, R., Dar, S. A., Bhargava, M. K. and Yadav, R. S. (2007). Effects of management practices on growth of white siris (Albia procera), grain yield of intercrops, weed population and soil fertility changes in agrisilviculture system in semi-arid India. Indian Journal Agricultural Science,77(7): 403-407.
Rao, N. and Mathew, P. K. (1995). Effects of exchangeable cations on hydraulic conductivity of marine clay. Clay and clay minerals,43(4): 433-437.
Schenk, H. J. (2008). The shallowest possible water extraction profile: A null model for global root distributions. Vadose Zone J,7: 1119 –1124.
Schollenberger, C. J. and Simon, R. H. (1945). Determination of exchange capacity and exchangeable bases in soils-ammonium acetate method. Soil Science,59:13-24.
USDA (2008). Natural Resources Conservation Service. Soil quality indicators. http://soils.usda.gov/sqi/assessment/files/bulk_density_sq_physical_indicator_sheet.pdf.
Yuksek, T., Kurdoglu, O. and Yuksek, F. (2010). The effects of land use changes and management types on surface soil properties in kafkasor protected area in Artvin, Turkey. Land Degradation and Development 21: 582–590.
Research Articles

How to Cite

Evaluation of saturated hydraulic conductivity from soil properties in an Inceptisol using different land cover and depths. (2017). Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 9(3), 1482-1488. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v9i3.1388