The experiment was done at AB District Seed Farm, BCKV, Kalyani Simanta, West-Bengal, India during autumn-winter 2013-14 and 2014-15. The characters that exhibited higher Phenotypic and Genotypic Co-efficient of variation values were number of fruits per plant (76.86, 75.63%), fruit weight (43.88, 41.34%), harvest index (23.57, 22.29%), fruit yield per plant (53.61, 51.17%), anthocyanin in peel, total phenols and DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-l-picryl hydrazyl) free radical scavenging (FRS) capacity indicating that a greater amount of genetic variability was present for these characters which provide greater scope for selection. High heritability coupled with high genetic advance as percent of mean was observed for the characters like plant height, days to 1st flowering, days to 50% flowering, number of fruits per plant, fruit weight, harvest index, fruit yield per plant, total sugar, anthocyanin in peel, total phenols and DPPH FRS capacity depicting that these traits were under the strong influence of additive gene action and hence simple selection based on phenotypic performance of these traits would be more effective. Fruit yield per plant showed highly positive significant correlation with number of primary branches per plant, number of fruits per plant, harvest index, vitamin-A and total phenols and significant negative correlation with days to 1st flowering, TSS, total sugars and total protein. Number of fruits per plant imparted the highest positive direct effect on yield followed by harvest index, fruit weight, days to 50% flowering and anthocyanin in peel. Number of fruits per plant and days to flowering were emerged as the main casual factors for positive or negative association of several characters with fruit yield per plant. Therefore, selection for fruit yield per plant based on these characters would be reliable.
Brinjal, Correlation, Heritability, Path analysis, Variation
co-variances in an upland cotton cross of interspecific origin. Agron. J., 50: 633-636
Burton, G.W. (1952). Quantitative inheritance in grasses. Proc. Int. Grassland Cong., 1: 277-283
Chattopadhyay, A., Dutta, S. and Hazra, P. (2011).
Characterization of genetic resources and identification of selection indices of brinjal (Solanum Melongena L.) grown in eastern India.Veg. Crops Res. Bull., 74: 39-49
Dewey, D.R. and Lu, K.H. (1959). A correlation and path coefficient analysis of component of crested wheatgrass seed production. Agron. J., 52: 515-518.
Doshi, K.M., Bhalala, M.K. and Kathiria, K.B. (1999).
Genetic variability for yield, fruit borer infestation, little leaf incidence and quality characters in brinjal. Gujarat Agri. Univ. Res. J., 24(2): 27-30 .
Dubois, M.,Gilles, K.A., Hamilton, J.K., Robers, P.A. and Smith, F. (1956). A colorimetric method for the
determination of sugar. Analy. Chem., 28: 350-356.
Falconer, D.S. (1989). Introduction to quantitative Genetics, 3rd ed. Longman, NewYork.
Hanson, C.H., Robinson, H.F. and Comstock, R.E. (1956). Biometrical studies of yield in segregating population of Korean lespedse. Agron. J., 48: 267-282.
Johnson, H.W., Robinson, H.F. and Comstock, R.E. (1955). Estimates of genetic and environmental variability in soybean. Agron. J., 47: 314-318.
Jung, E.J., Bae, M.S., Jo, E.K., Jo, Y.H. and Lee, S.C. (2011). Antioxidant activity of different parts of
eggplant. J. Med. Pl. Res., 5(18): 4610-4615.
Karak, C., Ray, U., Akhtar, S., Naik, A. and Hazra, P. (2012). Genetic variation and character association in fruit yield components and quality characters in brinjal [Solanum melongena L.]. J. Crop Weed, 8(1): 86-89
Koundinya, A.V.V. and Dhankhar, S.K. (2013). Correlation and path analysis of seed yield components in Okra Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench. Ann. Horti., 6(1): 145-148
Koundinya, A.V.V., Dhankhar, S.K. and Yadav, A.C. (2013). Genetic variability and divergence in okra (Abelmoschus esculentus). Indian J. Agri. Sci., 83(6): 685–688
Kranthirekha, G. and Celine, V.A. (2013). Correlation and path analysis studies in round fruited brinjal. Veg. Sci.,40(1): 87-89
Kumar, S.R. and Arumugam, T.(2013). Variability, heritability and genetic advance for fruit yield, quality and pest and disease incidence in eggplant.Veg. Sci., 40(1): 111-113
Kumar, S.R., Arumugam, T. and Premalakshmi, V. (2012). Evaluation and variability studies in local types of
brinjal for yield and quality (Solanum melongena L.). Elec. J. Pl. Breed., 3(4): 977-982
Leong, L.P. and Shui, G. (2001). An investigation of antioxidant capacity of fruits in Singapore market. Food Chem., 76: 69-75
NHB (2015). Indian Horticulture Database-2015, National Horticulture Board, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India.
Prabhu, M. and Natarajan, S. (2008). Correlation and path analysis in brinjal. Madras Agri. J.95(1-6): 184-187
Sadasivam, S. and Balasubraminan, T. (1987). In: Practical Manual in Biochemistry. Tamil Nadu Agriculture
Sherly, J. and Shanthi, A. (2009). Variability, heritability and genetic advance in brinjal (Solanum melongena L.). Res. on Crops, 10(1): 105-108.
Singh, A.K., Tripathi,M.K., Rai,V.K. and Mishra,R.(2011). Character association and path coefficient analysis in brinjal (Solanum melongena L.). Envi. Ecol., 29(3): 1201-1203.
Singh, B.D. (1983). Plant breeding principles and methods, Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi, 494-516
Singh, O. and Kumar, J. (2005). Variability, heritability and genetic advance in brinjal. Indian J. Horti.62(3): 265-267.
Singleton, V.L. and Ross, J.A. (1965). Colorimetry of total phenolic with phosphomolybdate–phosphotungstic acid reagent. American J. Eno. Viticul., 16: 44–158
Solaimana, A.H.M., Nishizawa, T., Khatun, M. and Ahmad, S.(2015). Physio morphological characterization genetic variability and correlation studies in brinjal genotypes of Bangladesh. Comp. Math. Biol., 4(1): 1-36
Srivastava, R.P. and Kumar S. (2002). Fruit and Vegetable Preservation: principles and Practices, 3rd ed. IBDC Publishers, Lucknow, U.P. India.
Thangamani, C. and Jansirani, P. (2012). Correlation and path coefficient analysis studies on yield attributing characters in brinjal. Elec. J. Pl. Breed, 3(3): 939-944
Vinson, J.A., Hao, Y., Su, X. and Zubik, L. (1998). Phenol antioxidant quantity and quality in foods: vegetables. J.Agri. Food Chem., 46: 3630-3634.
This work is licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) © Author (s)