The present experiment was conducted to study the response of naphthalene acetic acid NAA and integrated nutrient management on yield and yield attributes as well as and economics of chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) with four levels of NAA (0 ppm, 25 ppm, 50 ppm and 75 ppm) and five levels of vermicompost (VC) along with RDF (V0-100% Recommended dose of fertilizer i.e. 120:60:60 Kg N P K /ha ), V1-100% N through Vermicompost, V2-75% N through VC + 25% (RDF), V3-50% N through VC + 50% (RDF) , V4-25% N through VC + 75% (RDF), having 20 treatment combinations. The results revealed that the combine application of 50 ppm NAA and 100% N through vermicomposti.e. P2V1 performed well in respect of fruit length (8.73 cm), fruit diameter (1.46 cm) and fruit weight (2.91 g) while the application of NAA 50 ppm + 50% N through vermicompost along with 50% RDF i.e. P2V3 gave significantly (P=0.05) maximum number of fruits/plant (73.86) and fruit yield per hectare (121.20 q) with higher gross income (Rs.2,66,640.00/ ha), net profit (Rs.1,98,946.00/ ha) and benefit - cost ratio (2.94). Therefore, it can be concluded that the combine effect of NAA 50 ppm along with 50 % N through vermicompost +50% inorganic fertilizers (RDF) gave better result regarding growth and yield attributes and also generated maximum gross income, net return and B:C ratio while the next best treatment was application of NAA 75 ppm along with 25 % N through vermicompost + 75 % inorganic fertilizers (RDF).
Chilli, NAA, RDF, Vermicompost
Balraj, R., Kurdikeri, M.B. and Revanappa (2002). Effect of growth regulators on growth and yield of chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) at different pickings. Ind. J. Hort., 59 (1): 84-88.
Edwards, C.A. and Bohlen, P. J. (1996). Biology and Ecology of Earthworms, Chapman and Hall, London
Erickson, A.N. and Markhart, A.H. (2001). Flower production, fruit set and physiology of bell pepper during elevated temperature and vapor pressure deficit. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci., 126 (6): 697-702.
Hangarge, D.S., Ravt, R.S., More, S.D and Brijdhar, R.R. (2002). Response of chilli to integrated nutrient supply system. J. Soil Crops, 10 (2): 188-192
Hidalgo and Pashanasi (1999). Earthworm casting increase germination rate and seedling development of cucumber. Mississipi and Forestry Experiment Station, Research Report 22 No.6.
Jackson, M. L.1963. Nitrogen determination for soil and plant tissues. Prentics Hall of India Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi, India
Joshi, R and Vig, A.P. (2010). Effect of vermicompost on growth, yield and quality of tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum L). Afric. J. Basic Appl. Sci., 2 (3-4): 117-123
Kalshyam, M.K., Kumar, Jitendra, Mohan, B., Singh, J.P., Nathram and Rajbeer (2011). Effect of plant growth hormone and fertilizer on growth and yield parameters in chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) cv. Pusa Jwala. Asian J. Hort., 6 (2): 316-318
Kannan, K., Jawaharlal, M. and Prabhu, M. (2009). Effect of plant growth regulators and yield parameters of Paprika cv. KtPl-19. Agric. Sci. Digest, 29 (3): 157-162
Khurana, D.S., Manchanda, D. and Singh, K. (2004). Influence of naphalene acetic acid on growth and fruit yield of chilli. Haryana J. Hort. Sci., 33 (3/4): 274-275
Lal, S. and Kanaujia, S.P. (2013). Integrated nutrient management in capsicum under low cost polyhouse condition. Ann. Hort., 6: 170-177
Meena, S.S and Dhaka, R.S. (2003). Economics of plant growth regulators in brinjal (Solanum melogena L.) under semiarid condition of Rajasthan. Ann. Agric. Res., 24 (2): 273-275
Mohd Rafi, Narwadkar, P., Prabhu, R. and Sasindrasanath, A.K. (2002). Effect of organic and inorganic sources of fertilizer on growth, and yield of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill). South Ind. Hort., 50 (4-6): 522-526
Olsen, S. R., Kole, C. V., Watenable, F. S and Dean, L. A. 1954. Estimation of available phosphorus in soil by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. U. S. Deptt. Cire. p. 939
Parthasarathi, K, (2010). Earthworm –Life cycle, Compost and Therapy. Lam Lambert Academic Publishing Ag & Co. KC. Germany.
Piper, C. S.1950. Soil and plant analysis. The University of Adelaide p. 368
Samsangheile and Kanajia, S.P. (2014). Integrated nutrient management for quality production of chilli on acid alfisol. Ann. Plant Soil Res., 16 (2): 164-167
Schofield, R. K. and Taylor, A. V. 1965. The measurement of soil pH. Proc. of Soil Soc. of America. 19: 164-167
Sha, K. and Karuppiah (2010). Integrated nutrient management on growth, yield and quality of chilli cv K2. Plant Archives, 10(1):371-374
Shashidhara, G.B. (2000). Integrated nutrient management in chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) northern transitional zone of Karnataka. Ph. D. Thesis, University of Agriculture Science, Dharwad.
Singh, D.K., Rudra, B.C., Das, B. and Gangopadhyay P.K.(2015). Effect of Naphthalene Acetic Acid on Yield of Chilli (Capsicum annuum L.). J. Agric. Technol., 2(1&2): 84-86
Singh, L. and Mukherjee, S. (2000). Effect of foliar application of urea and NAA on yield and yield attributes of chilli (Capsicum annuum var: longum). J. Agric. Sci. Digest, 20 (2): 116-117
Sinha, R. K., Valani, D., Chauhan, K and Agarwal, S. (2010b). Embarking on a second green revolution for sustainable agriculture by vermiculture biotechnology using earthworms: Reviving the dreams of Sir Charles Darwin. Agric. Sci., 2(7):113-128
Toth, S. S. and Prince A. C. 1944. Estimation of cation exchange capacity and exchanangeable K, Ca, and Na contact of soil by flame photometric technique. Soil Sci. 67: 439-445
Veishnav, N., Singh, B. K. and Singh, A.K. (2012). Effect of NAA on growth & yield of chilli. Environment and Ecology, 30(4):1261-1263
This work is licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) © Author (s)