##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

M. Paramasivan A. Selvarani

Abstract

Four hundred and sixteen on-farm demonstrations on system of rice intensification (SRI) were carried out in 350 hectares of farmer’s fields in Sankarankovil, Vasudevanallur and Kuruvikulam blocks of Tirunelveli district of Tamil Nadu from 2008-09 to 2010-11 under Tamil Nadu – Irrigated Agriculture Modernization and Water Bodies Restoration and Management (TN-IAMWARM) project. Two methods viz., SRI and conventional were compared. The results revealed that the adoption of SRI favorable influenced yield attributes and yield of rice. The maximum grain yield (8222 kg ha-1) obtained from SRI which was higher than conventional method (6534 kg ha-1). Higher grain yield coupled with substantial water saving to the tune of 37.1 per cent resulted in higher water use efficiency of rice under SRI method. The best net income ( Rs. 50, 587) and benefit: cost ratio (3.64) were also associated with SRI than conventional method of rice cultivation. The cost of cultivation was comparatively lesser in SRI which re-sulted in gaining an additional income of Rs. 8080 ha-1 as compared to conventional method of rice cultivation. The system of rice intensification (SRI) proved its benefits in this basin.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

Conventional method, Economics, Grain yield, SRI, Water use efficiency, Yield attributes

References
Bommaisamy, P. (2005). Optimization of establishment techniques for SRI. M.Sc. (Ag.) Thesis, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu.
DAC, New Delhi. (2014). Directorate of Extension and Statistic, department of Agriculture and Cooperation.
DES. (2014). Season and Crop Report, directorate of Economics and Statistics. Government of Tamil Nadu.
Fageria, N.K. (2014). Mineral nutrition of rice. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.
Ganesaraja,V., Kumar, V., Veeramani, A., Veeraputhiran, R., Senthil Kumar, P., Kavitha, M.P. and Pandian, P.J. (2008). Performance of system of rice intensification in farmer’s field of Sivagangai district under TN-IAMWARM Project. Paper presented in third national symposium on SRI in India – Policies, Institutions and Strategies for scaling up. December 1-3, 2008, TNAU, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu. pp 211-212
Hugar, A.Y., Chandrappa, H., Jeyadeva, H.M., Sathish, A. and Mallikarjun, G.B. (2009). Influence of different establishment methods on yield and economics of rice. Agric. Sci. Digest. 29(3): 205-209
Krishnaji, M.V., Rao, Narasimha and Kumar, Ashok (2008). Effect of SRI practices on the yield attributes, yield and water productivity of rice. Paper presented in third national symposium on SRI in India – Policies, Institutions and Strategies for scaling up. December 1-3, 2008, TNAU, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu. pp 203-204
Kumar, D. and Shivay, V.S. (2004). System of Rice Intensification. Indian Farming., 54: 18-21
Makarim, A.K., Balasubramanian, V., Zaini, Z., Syamsich, I., Ditratmadja, G.P.A., Hondoko, Arafah, Wardana, I.P and Gani. (2002). Systems of rice intensification: evaluation of seedling age and selected components in Indonesia. Proceedings of the International Workshop on water wise rice production, 8-11 April, 2002. Losbonos, IRRI, Phillipines, pp 129-139.
Olsen, S.R., Cole, C.V., Watanabe, F.S. and Dean, L.A. 1954. Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3), U.S.D.A circular 939, 1-19
Radha Kumar, C and Srinivasalu Reddy, D. (2009). Performance of rice under crop reside incorporation and different nitrogen management practices. Madras Agric. J., 96(7-12): 365-369
Rajendran, R., Ravi, V., RAmanathan, S., Jeyaraj, T., Chandrasekaran, B. and Balasubramanian, V. (2003). Evaluation of selected crop management technologies for enhancing rice productivity in Tamil Nadu. International Symposium on “Transitions in agriculture for enhancing water productivity, 23-25, September, 2003, Agricultural College and Research Institute, Killikulam, pp 19-20.
Raju, R.A. and Sreenivas, C.H. (2008). Agronomic evaluation of system of rice cultivation methods in Godavari delta. Oryza, 45(4): 280-283.
Schollenberger, C.J. and Simon, R.H. 1945. Determination of exchange capacity and exchangeable bases in soils: ammonium acetate method. Soil Science 59, 13-24
Senthil kumar, S. (2002). Productivity of hybrid rice as influenced by methods of establishment, management of water, weed and nutrients. M.Sc. (Ag.) Thesis, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu.
Shanhan, J.F., Kitchen, N.R., Raunand, W.R. and Schepers, J.S. (2008). Responsive in season nitrogen management for cereals. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 61:51-61
Shekhar, J., Mankotia, B.S. and Dev, S.P. (2009). Productivity and economic of rice (Oriza sativa) in system of rice intensification in north western Himalayas. Indian J.Agron. 54(4):423-427
Singh, N., Dinesh, K., Thenua, O.V.S and Tyagi, V.K. (2012). Influence of spacing and weed management on rice varieties under system of rice intensification system. Indian J. Agron. 57(2):138-142
Singh, S.K and Batta, R.K. (2008). Comparative performance of SRI under different planting geometries and water regimes. Paper presented in the Third National Symposium on SRI in India-Policies, Institutions and Strategies for scaling up. December 1-3, 2008. TNAU, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu. pp 25-26
Sivagnanam, S., Arivazhagan, K., Arunkumar, V. and Natarajan, S. (2015). Effect of timing and graded level of nitrogen and potassium in SRI cultivation. J. Applied and Natural Science., 7(2): 616-620
Subbiah, B.U. and Asija, C.L. 1956. A rapid procedure for estimation of available nitrogen in soil. Current. Sci. 25, 259-260.
Veeraputhiran, R., Balasubramanian, B., Pandian, B, J., Kalidasan, G., Chelladurai, M. and Ganesaraja,V. (2010). Productivity, water use efficiency and economics of system of rice intensification in farmers field of southern Tamil Nadu. Inter. J. For. and Crop Impro.t. 1(2): 139-142
Veeraputhiran, R., Pandian, B, J., Nalliah Durairaj, S., Sudersingh Rajapandian, J., Arumugam, M., Marimuthu, M., Thiruvarasan, S. and Thiyagarajan, T.M. (2008). Performance of system of rice intensification (SRI) in Tamirabarani command areas of southern Tamil Nadu. Paper presented in the Third National Symposium on SRI in India-Policies, Institutions and Strategies for scaling up. December 1-3, 2008. TNAU, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu. pp 151-153
Citation Format
How to Cite
Paramasivan, M., & Selvarani, A. (2017). Productivity, water use efficiency and economics of system of rice intensification (SRI) in Nichabanadhi sub basin of southern Tamil Nadu. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 9(1), 286-290. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v9i1.1185
More Citation Formats:
Section
Research Articles