##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

Bhagauti Prasad Sutanu Maji Kamal Ram Meena

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted during rabiseason of 2014-2015 at Department of Applied Plant Sci-ence (Horticulture), Baba saheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Lucknow-226025 (U.P.) India to find out the effect of different dates of transplanting and mulching on growth, yield and quality of onion (Allium cepa L.) cv. Nasik Red. There were 16 treatments comprising 4 dates of transplanting (15th November, 1st, 15th and 30th December) and 3 mulching (saw dust, rice husk and wheat straw) while, without mulching as control and laid out under two factor RBD with three replications. The study clearly revealed that there were significant effects of all treatments on vegetative growth, yield and quality attributes of onion. Plant height (65.34 cm), number of leaves per plant (8.89), length of leaves (56.07 cm), neck thickness (18.75 mm), yield (5.166 kg/plot and 387.46 q/ha) were found maximum at 1st December planting with wheat straw mulching (T7). The best quality bulb in respect of maximum neck thickness (12.35 mm), basal diameter (13.61.mm), diameter of bulb (54.41 mm polar and 64.15 mm equatorial), length of bulb (65.17 mm), number of scales per bulb (9.24), bulb moisture (85.06 %) T.S.S. (13.84 oBrix), ascorbic acid (10.47 mg/100g), total sugars (10.39 %) etc. were also obtained when mulching was done with wheat straw and transplant-ed on 1st December (T7) followed by T6 (planted on 1st December and mulching with rice husk). The study clearly concluded that i.) mulching is good for production of onion, ii.) late transplanting on 30th December showed very poor performance irrespective of mulching and iii) transplanting on 1st December and mulching with wheat straw was the best combination for getting good quality yield of onion.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

Date of transplanting, Mulching, Onion, Quality, Yield

References
A. O. A. C. (2000). Vitamins and other nutrients In: Official Methods of Analysis of AOAC International. Association of Official Methods of Agricultural Chemists. (17th ed.), Washington, D.C. pp.16-20.
Abbey, L. and Joyce, D. C. (2004). Water deficit stress and soil type effects on spring onion growth. Journal of Vegetable Crop Production, 10: 5-18.
Adekpe, D. I., Shebayan, J. A. Y., Chiezey, U. F. and Miko, S. (2007). Yield responses of garlic (Allium sativum L.) to oxidation, date of planting and intra-row spacing under irrigation at Kadawa, Nigeria. Crop Protection. 26 (12): 1785-1789.
Al-Moshileh, A. M. (2007). Effects of Planting Date and Irrigation Water Level on Onion (Allium cepa L.) Production Under Central Saudi Arabian conditions. Scientific Journal of King Faisal University (Basic Appl. Sci.). 8(1) :1428.
Anonymmous (2014). NHB Database 2014. Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India. nhb.gov.in/area-pro/NHB Database 2014.pdf. pp. 10 -29.
Anonymmous (2015). NHB Database 2015. Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India. nhb.gov.in/area-pro/NHB Database 2015.pdf. pp. 114-119.
Aykroyd, W. R. (1963). ICMR. Special Report, Series, No. 42.
Brewster, J. L. (2008). Onions and other vegetable Alliums. 2nd edition. CAB International, Wallingford, United Kingdom.
Derawadan, S. A., Tahir, M. and Khan, A. A. (2002). Date of sowing and genotype interaction effect on the bulb yield of transplanted onion (Allium sativum L.). Asian Journal of Plant Science. 1 (6): 675-677.
Duke, J. A. and Ayensu, E. S. (1985). Medicinal Plants of China. Reference Publications, Inc. p.705 .
Griffiths, G., Trueman, L., Crowther, T., Thomas, B. and Smith, B. (2002). Onions a global benefit to health. Phytotherapy Research, 16: 603-615.
Gupta, J. P. and Gupta, G. N. (1987). Response of tomato and okra crops to irrigation and mulch in arid region of India. Agrochemicals, 31: 183-202.
Hasegawa, A., Yabuki, H., Nabeura, T., Fukui, H. and Iwata, T. (2001). Evaluation of bulb shape and fresh-weight of different onion cultivars. Technical Bulletin Agriculture, Kagawa University. 53: 71-77.
Hygrotech (2010). Production guidelines of onions. Hygrotech Sustainable Solutions. Hygrotech, Pretoria, South Africa.
Jilani, M.S. and Ghaffoor, A. (2003). Screening of local varieties of onion for bulb formation. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 5: 129-133.
Khan, A. R., Rahman, A. and Singh, R.D. (2013). Influence of soil surface manipulation on soil temperature in relation to peanut production. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 5(1): 53–57
Maji, S. (2013). Different Farming Options to Reduce Pesticide Load in Crop and Environment. In: Green Chemistry and sustainable Agriculture Practices: a Step towards a Better Future, Ed.- Dr. T. Chattopadhyay and Dr. B. Bhowmik. Pub: Council for MS Academic. 45- 65 pp.
Maji, S. and Das, B. C. (2008a). Effect of organic and inorganic mulches on vegetative growth and yield of guava cv. L-49. Environment and Ecology, 26(3A) :1292-1293
Maji, S. and Das, B. C. (2008b). Response of mulching on fruit quality and yield of guava (Psidium guajava L.). Environment and Ecology, 26(4): 1630-1631
Mallor, C., Carravedo, M., Estapanan, G. and Mallor, F. (2011). Characterization of genetic resources of onion (Allium cepa L.) from the Spanish secondary centre of diversity. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 9(1):144-155
Mohanty, B. K. (2001). Performance of common onion varieties in Kharif seasons. Journal of Tropical Agriculture, 39: 21-23.
Najafabadia, M. B., Mahdieh, G. H. Peyvasta, M. Hassanpour Asila, J. A. Olfatia and M. Rabieeb (2012). Mulching effects on the yield and quality of garlic as second crop in rice fields. International Journal of Plant Production, 6(3): 279-290.
Olfati, J. A. Peyvast, G. and Nosrati-Rad, Z. (2008). Organic mulching on carrot yield and quality. International Journal of Vegetable Science, 14(4):362-368.
Panse, V. G. and Sukhatme, P. V. (1985). In: Statistical Methods for Agricultural Workers. ICAR, New Delhi.
Perane, R. R. (2001). Studies on purple blotch of onion caused by Alternaria Cepulicola Rao with reference to toxin production of the pathogen. Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth. http://krishikosh.egranth.ac.in/handle/1/15122
Rahman, M. A., Mahmud, J. A. and Islam, M. M. (2013). Influence of mulching on the growth and yield of onion. Technical Journal of Engineering and Applied Science, 3(24): 3497-3501
Raut, D. B., Dhonde, M. B. and Gaikwad, C. B. (2009). Growth and yield of Rabi onion (Allium cepa L.) influenced by mulch and potash levels. Journal of Maharashtra Agriculture University, 34(2): 224-225
Singh, A. and Korla, B.N. (1991). Effect of transplanting dates and varieties on number of leaves and yield in onion. Vegetable Science, 18(1): 24-28
Singh, A. (2005). Effect of planting time, bulb size and bulb spacing on plant growth and seed yield attributes of onion. Indian Journal of Horticulture, 69-73
Umar, M. S., Muoneke, C. O. and Magaji, M. D. (2000). Effect of intra-row spacing and mulching materials on growth and yield of onion (Allium cepa L.). Nigeria Journal of Agriculture Environment, 1(2)
Zohary, D. and Hopf, M. (2000). Domestication of plants in the old world (Third Ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. p.198 . Yilmaz, I. (2004). Effect of rye bran addition on fatty acid composition and quality characteristics of low fat meat balls. Meat Sci., 67(2: 245-249
Citation Format
How to Cite
Prasad, B., Maji, S., & Meena, K. R. (2017). Effect of date of transplanting and mulching on growth, yield and quality of onion (Allium cepa L.) cv. Nasik Red. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 9(1), 94–101. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v9i1.1156
More Citation Formats:
Section
Research Articles