Amit Kumar A. C. Yadav Ansul Ansul Vinod Kumar Avtar Singh


A field experiment was conducted at CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar to study the effect of FYM and gypsum on onion (Allium cepa L.) production under sodic water irrigation. Treatments comprised of three levels of farm yard manure (FYM) (F0- no FYM, F1- 10 t/ha and F2- 20 t/ha FYM) and three levels of gypsum (G0- no
gypsum, G1- 50% neutralization of RSC and G2- 100% neutralization of RSC) in addition to control (irrigation with sodic water and no FYM and no gypsum F0G0). Results of the study showed that the seedling mortality was maximum (77.50 %) in control (F0G0) treatment, while minimum number of seedlings mortality (18.17 %) was observed in (F2G2) treatment followed by (25.17 %) (F2G1) treatment. There was significant increase in growth and yield of onion with application of FYM and gypsum. Moreover, maximum bulb yield (180.83 q/ha) was recorded in (F2G2) followed by F2G1 (152.22 q/ha) where 100% sodicity of water was neutralized by the application of gypsum and 20 t/ha FYM. Under sodic water conditions, increasing level of gypsum and FYM help in reducing the sodicity of irrigation water and thereby, increasing the yield of onion. The study concluded that in present situation of scarcity of good quality water for agricultural purposes, use of amendments like FYM and gypsum were best alternative for the best possible use of poor quality ground water and simultaneously sustain the yield of vegetable crops like onion which are sensitive to sodic water.




Farm yard manure, Gypsum, Onion yield, Sodic water

Anonymous (2009). A report of the expert group of the in-dian council of medical research. National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad.
Tiwari, R.K., Mistry, N.C., Singh, B. and Gandhi, C.P. (2013). Indian horticulture database. Government of India, pp. 80-81
Minhas, P.S. and Samra, J.S. (2004). Waste water use in peri-urban agriculture, Impact and opportunities. Tech. Bull. No. 2, CSSRI, Karnal.
Gomez, K.A. and Gomez, A.A. (1984). Statistical. Proce-dure. for Agricultural. Research., 2nd ed. John Wiley and Sons, New York, USA.
Panse, V.G. and Sukhatme, P.V. (1961). Statistical Methods for Agricultural Workers. Indian Council of Agricul-tural Research, New Delhi, India, 381 p.
Yadav, A.C., Sharma, S.K. Singh, A., and Kapoor, A and Lal, S. (2005). Effects of high RSC water along with FYM and gypsum in tomato variety Hisar Arun. In: Proceeding of the National symposium of Diversification of Agriculture through Horticultural crops, Feb 21-23 at Karnal p, 114-116
Kaswan, P.K., Yadav, P.K. and Sharma, B.D. (2013). Re-sponse of onion (Allium cepa L.) varieties to farm yard manure in arid region of western Rajasthan. Ann. of Hortic., 6(1): 30-34
Kadlag, R.R., Kapadiya, P.B., Chandore, H.D. and Joshi, M.D. (2010). Effect of organic, inorganic fertilizer and biofertilizers on growth of okra. Haryana J. of Hortic. Sci., 39(3/4): 316-317
Singh, D.P., Prakash, H.G. and Dabbas, M.R. (2009). Re-sponse of gypsum application with agro-chemical on onion (Allium cepa L.) in alluvial tract of Uttar Pradesh. Asian J. Hortic., 4(2): 510-511
Nandal, T.R. and Bedi, M.K. (2010). Integrated nutrient man-agement studies in onion (Allium cepa L.) under low hills sub-tropical conditions of Himachal Pradesh. Crop Res. Hisar, 40(1/3): 113-116
Yadav, S.S., Singh, N. and Yadav, B.R. (1998). Effect of different levels of soil salinity on growth and yield of onion (Allium cepa). Indian J. Hortic., 55(3): 243-247
Research Articles

How to Cite

Evaluation of the effects of FYM and gypsum on onion (Allium cepa L.) production under sodic water irrigation. (2016). Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 8(4), 1878-1883. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v8i4.1056