Present study was aimed to explore the influence of top down factors on ecological attributes of Commiphora wightii collected from seven districts of arid and semi arid parts of the Rajasthan. Ecological variables in respect of 46 accessions of this species were quantified. To assess the explanatory factors governing quantified ecological variables, soil samples were collected to analyze soil texture, soil EC, pH, available potassium, available phosphorus and total soil nitrogen. Results showed that there was a specific relationship between soil variables and occurence of C. wightii. The mid ranges of potassium (200-300 kg/ha) emerged as favourable to have better density and health of C. wightii: This is the first report on regulatory role of potassium on distribution and occurrence of C. wightii.
Commiphora wightii, Distribution, Population, Principal component analysis, Soil variables
Armengaud, P., Breitling, R. and Amtmann, A. (2004). The potassium dependent transcriptome of Arabidopsis reveals a prominent role of jasmonic acid in nutrient signaling. Plant Physiology, 136: 2556–2576.
Ashley, M. K., Grant, M. and Grabov, A. (2006). Plant responses to potassium deficiencies: a role for potassium transport proteins. Journal of Experimental Botany, 57 (2): 425–436.
Chahouki Zare, M. A., Azarnivand, H., Jafari, M. and Shafizadeh, M. (2008). Effect of soil characteristics on distribution of vegetation types in poshtkouh rangelands of Yazd province (Iran). Journal of Environmental Research and Development, 2 (4): 840-848.
Chauhan, A. (2004). Ecological studies on some arid medicinal plants. PhD. Thesis submitted to Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur. 297 p.
Dong, H., Tang, W., Li, Z. and Zhang, D. (2004). Onpotassium deficiency in cotton-disorder, cause and tissue diagnosis. Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus, 69 (2–3): 77–85.
Drew, M.C. (1975). Comparison of the effects of a localized supply of phosphate, nitrate, ammonium and potassium on the growth of the seminal root system and the shoot in barley. New Phytologist, 75: 479–490.
Engler, R., Guisan, A. and MigClim. (2009). Predicting plant distribution and dispersal in a changing climate. Diversity and Distributions, 15: 590-601.
Graham, C.H., Smith, T.B. and Languy, M. (2005). Current and historical factors influencing patterns of species richness and turnover of birds in the Gulf of Guinea Highlands. Journal of Biogeography, 32: 1371–1384.
Hodge, A. (2004). The plastic plant: root responses to heterogeneous supplies of nutrients. New Phytologist, 162: 9–24.
Iwara, A. I., Ogundele, F. O., Ibor. U.W. and Deekor, T. N. (2011). Multivariate analysis of soil-vegetation interrelationships in a South-Southern secondary forest of Nigeria. International Journal of Biology, 3 (3): 73-82.
Jackson, M. L. (1973). Soil chemical analysis. Prentis, Hall of India Private Limited, New Delhi, 498 p.
Jafari, M., M.A. Zare Chahouki, A. Tavili, Azarnivand H. and Gh. Zahedi Amiri, (2004). Effective environmental factors in the distribution of vegetation types in Poshtkouh rangelands of Yazd Province (Iran). Journal of Arid Environments, 56: 627-641.
Johnson, R. A. and Wichern, D. E. (2002). Applied Multivariate Statistical Analysis, Prentice Hall, NJ, USA.
Krefts, A. C., Schwarz N. G. and Krumah B. N. (2010). “Principal component analysis of socioeconomic factors and their association with malaria in children from the Ashanti Region, Ghana,” Malaria Journal Vol 9, no.1
Kumar, S. (1996). Trends in structural compositional attributes of dune interdune vegetation and their edaphic relations in the Indian Desert. Vegetatio, 124: 73-93.
Kumar, S. and Mathur, M. (2014). Impact of invasion by Prosopis juliflora on plant communities in arid grazing lands. Tropical Ecology, 55(1): 33-46.
Kumar, S. and Purohit, C. S. (2015). Conservation of Threatened Desert Plants.Scientific Publishers, India. 148p.
Kumar, S. and Shankar, V. (1982). Medicinal plants of the Indian desert: Commiphora wightii (Arnott) Band. Journal of Arid Environments, 5: 1-11.
Kumar, S. and Shankar, V. (1988). Vegetation ecology of Bandi catchment in the upper Luni Basin western Rajasthan. Tropical Ecology, 28: 246-258.
Lal, H. (2013). Germplasm collection and propagation of C. wightii (Arnt.) Bhandari, an endangered medicinal plant of the Indian Thar Desert. Unpublished PhD Thesis, Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur.
Ludwig, J. A. and Reynolds, J.F. (1988). Statistical Ecology: A primer on methods and computing. John Wiley and Sons, NY, USA.
Mathur, M. (2012). Variations in phytosterol composition in Corchorus depressus and their relation with bottom-up, top-down and plant metabolites. Journal of Natural Products, 5: 179-187.
Oosterhuis, D. (2001). Physiology and nutrition of high yielding cotton in the USA. Informac¸ ões Agronômicas Piracicaba, 95: 18–24.
Pettigrew, W.T. (2008). Potassium influences on yield and quality production for maize, wheat, soybean and cotton. Physiologia Plantarum, 133: 670–681.
Read, J.J., Reddy, K.R. and Jenkins, J.N. (2006). Yield and fiber quality of Upland cotton as influenced by nitrogen and potassium nutrition. European Journal of Agronomy, 24: 282–290.
Samarappuli, L., Yogratnam, N., Karunadasa, P., Mirasena, U. and Hettiarachchi, R. (1993). Role of potassium om growth and water relations of rubber plants. Journal of Rubber Research Institute, Sri Lanka, 73: 37-57
Shin, R. and Schachtman, D.P. (2004). Hydrogen peroxide mediates plant root cell response to nutrient deprivation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA. 101: 8827–8832.
Singh, G., Singh, K., Mishra, D. and Shukla, S. (2012). Vegetation diversit and role of Leptadinia pyrotechnica in biomass utilization and carbon storage in Arid Zone of India. Arid Ecosystem, 2(4): 264-272.
Subbiah, B.V. and Asija, C.L. (1965). A rapid procedure for the estimation of available nitrogen in soils. Current Science, 25: 259-260.
Uddin, S., Sarkar, M.A.R. and Rahman, M.M. (2013). Effect of nitrogen and potassium on yield of dry direct seeded rice cv. NERICA 1 in aus season. International Journal of Agronomy and Plant Production, 4 (1): 69-75.
Yogaratnam, N. and Weerasuriya S. M. (1984). Recent developments in the nutrition of Hevea in Sri Lanka. Proceedings of Internatinal Rubber Conference ,Sri Lanka, 1: 207-247.
This work is licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) © Author (s)