##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

N. Nandha Kumar S. Lakshmi S. Sathya

Abstract

Millets are rich in valuable nutrients such as carbohydrates, proteins, dietary fibre, minerals and vitamins. The uninterrupted and disproportionate use of chemical fertilizers over a longer period has resulted in deterioration of soil health and reduced yield.  Foliar spray is a very easy way to supply valuable nutrients to plants. With this background, an experiment was conducted to see the effect of pulse sprout extract spray as a foliar spray on the seed crop Barnyard millet (Echinochloa frumentacea L.). The seed crop given foliar treatment with 2% horse gram pulse sprout extract spray recorded higher growth attributes namely plant height (172.8 cm), total chlorophyll content (1.560 mg/g) and yield attributes viz., seed yield per plant (26.5 g), seed yield per plot (2.54 kg), seed yield per hectare (2506 kg), 1000 seed weight (3.28 g), quality parameters viz., germination (89%), vigour index (2461) and biochemical parameters of resultant seeds in both kharif and rabi seasons. The crop given with foliar nutrition of 2% horse gram sprout extract spray showed a low number of days to flower initiation (45 days) and 50% flowering (54 days) when compared to control followed by 2% cowpea sprout extract. Hence it was hypothesized that application of the nutrient extract from the sprouted pulses in the form of foliar spray would enable better crop growth and productivity of Barnyard millet.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

Barnyard millet, Foliar spray, Horse gram, Cowpea sprout extract

References
Abid, K., Zafar, H., Asad Ali, K., Junaid, A., Md Waseem, A., Haq, N. Farhan, A. and Kaleem, A. (2019). Effect of Foliar Application of Zinc and Boron on Growth and Yield Components of Wheat. Agri Res& Tech: 21(1). 01-06.
Abou El-Nour, E. A. A. (2002). Can supplemented potassium foliar feeding reduce the recommended soil potassium? Pak. J. Biol. Sci. 5: 259-262.
Ali-Khan, S. T. and Young, C. G. (1973). Variation in protein content of field peas. Can. J. Pl. Sci., 53: 37-41.
Anonymous. (1999). International Rules for Seed Testing. International Seed Testing Association. Seed Sci. & Technol. 4: 3-177.
Arnon, D.L. (1949). Copper enzymes in isolated chloroplast polyphenoloxidase in Beta vulgaris. Plant Physiol., 24: 1-15.
Chingakham, B. D., Archana, K. and Anil, K. (2015). Sprouting characteristics and associated changes in nutritional composition of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata). J Food Sci Technol. 52(10):6821–6827.
Frias, J., Miranda, M. L., Doblado, R. and Vidal-Valverde, C. (2005). Effect of germination and fermentation on the antioxidant vitamin content and antioxidant capacity of Lupinus albus L. var Multolupa, Food Chemistry, 92: 211-220.
Geetharani, P., Manivannan, M.I. and Ponnuswamy, A.S. 2008. Seed production of onion as influenced by the application of growth regulators and nutrients. Aian J.of Hort. Vol. 3 (1): 301-303.
Gomathi, M. (2011). Effect of seed and seed crop fortification technology with pulse sprout extract in greengram (Vigna radiata l.) and blackgram (Vigna mungo L.). M.Sc. (Ag.) Thesis, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore.
Himanshu., K, Chauhan, M., Sonawane, S. K., Arya, S. S. (2018). Nutritional and Nutraceutical Properties of Millets: A Review. Clin. .J Nutr. Diet. 1(1):-10.
ISTA. 2012. International rules for seed testing. Bassersdorf (Switzerland): International Seed Testing Association.
Jaskulski, D. (2007). Comparison of the effect of foliar fertilization on economic and production effect of growing some field crops. Fragmenta Agronomica (Poland) 24(93):106-112.
Jayanthi, M. (2008). Organic fortification of seed and seed crop of rice with pulse sprout extract (Oryza sativa L.). M. Sc. (Ag.) Thesis, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore.
Jayanthi, M., Umarani, R and Vijayalakshmi, V. (2013). Effect of crop fortification with pulse sprout extract on crop growth and seed yield in rice var Co 48. Scientific Res. & Essays, 8(36): 1725-1729.
Kuepper, G. (2003). Foliar Fertilization Current Topic, ATTRA- National sustainable Agriculture Information service, NCAT Agriculture specialist. March Issue.
Moore, S. and W. H. Stein. (1948). Photochromic ninhydrin method for use in chromatography of amino acids. J. Biol. Chem., 176: 367-388.
Oloyo, R. A. (2003). Chemical and nutritional quality changes in germinating seeds of Cajanus cajan L. J. Food and Agrl. Chem., 85 (4): 497-502.
Panse, V. G., and Sukatme, P. V. (1985). Statistical methods for agricultural workers. New Delhi: ICAR publication.
Penas, E., Gomez, R., Frias, J., Vidal-Valverde. C. (2008). Application of high pressure on alfalfa (Medigo sativa) and mung bean (Vigna radiata) seeds to enhance the microbiological safety of their sprouts, Food Control (19): 698-705.
Renuka Bai, N., Laila Banu, N. R., Prakash, J. W. and Jaquilin Goldi. S. (2007). Effects of Asparagopsis taxiformis extract on the growth and yield of Phaseolus aureus. J. Basic and Applied Biol., 1(1): 6-11.
Saira, S. K., Adnan, Y., Adnan, R., Shahina, Y., Atif, R. (2011). Effect of Foliar Application of Macro and Micro Nutrients on Growth and Flowering of Gerbera jamesonii L. American-Euras. J. Agric. Environ. Sci. 11(5):736-757.
Sakthivel, S. (2010). Effect of seed fortification and foliar spray with pulse sprout extract on seed yield and quality of cotton (Gossypium sp.). M.Sc., (Ag.) Thesis, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore.
Shinde, S. H. and Bhilare, R. L. (2003). Response of chickpea to soil and foliar application of DAP. Madras Agric. J., 90 (4-6): 352-354.
Somogyi, M. (1952). Note on sugar on delimitation. J. Biol. Chem., 200: 245-247.
Sujatha, K., Selvarani, K., Vijayalakshmi, V., Vanniarajan, C. and Sivasubramaniam.K. (2013). Seed fortification studies in barnyard millet (Echinochloa frumentacea) cv. CO1. J.of Agri. & Veterinary Sci. 5(4): 22-24.
Veena, S., Chimmad, B. V., Naik, R. K. and Shanthakumar, G. (2005). Physico-chemical and nutritional studies in barnyard millet. Karnataka J. Agric. Sci., 18 (1): 101-105.
Vega, R. C., Loarca-Pina, G., Dave Oomah, B. (2010). Minor components of pulses and their potential impact on human health. Food Res. Intl., 48: 461–482.
Vidal-Valverde, C., Frías, J., Sierra, I., Blazquez, I., Lambien, F. and Kuo, Y. H.(2002). New functional legume food by germination. Effect on the nutritive value of beans, lentils and peas. European Food Research and Technology, 215: 472–476.
Vijayalakshmi, V. (2009). Effect of organic seed fortification and foliar spray with pulse sprout extract in rice seed crop (Oryza sativa L.). M.Sc., (Ag.) Thesis, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore.
Vijayalakshmi, V., Umarani, R. and Jayanthi, M. (2019). Effect of organic foliar spray with pulse sprout extract on seed yield and quality of rice (Oryza sativa). J.of Plant nutrition, 42: 900-914.
Yoshida, S., Forno, A. A. and Cock, J. H. (1976). Laboratory manual for physiological studies of rice. Int. Rice Res. Institute, Philipines, pp. 36-37.
Zodape, S. T., Kawarkhe, V. J., Patolia, J. S. and Warade, A. D. (2008). Effect of liquid seaweed fertilizer on yield and quality of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) J. Sci. Ind. Res., 67: 1115-1117.
Citation Format
How to Cite
Kumar, N. N. ., Lakshmi , S. ., & Sathya, S. (2020). Effect of pulse sprout spray as a foliar nutrition to enhance seed yield and quality in barnyard millet (Echinochloa frumentacea l.). Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 12(3), 394-400. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v12i3.2333
More Citation Formats:
Section
Research Articles