Black gram (Vigna mungo L.) growing areas of district Jhansi coming under Bundelkhand region of Uttar Pradesh were surveyed during Kharif 2018 for the occurrence of anthracnose disease of black gram. A total of 22 villages were visited under six blocks of Jhansi during this period. Blockwise comparison of the survey in Jhansi revealed that less mean disease incidence (10%) and severity (4.0%) occurred in the Chirgaon block. Highest disease incidence (24%) and severity (12%) were observed in block Moth. The block Bangra, Babina, Badagaon, and Bamour secured disease incidence 23.5, 20, 16.44 and 15% and severity 15.14, 12, 7.44 and 8.5% respectively. Nine fungicides (viz. firstname.lastname@example.org%, tilt @0.1%, email@example.com%, firstname.lastname@example.org%, email@example.com%, dithane
Zfirstname.lastname@example.org%, amistar top, email@example.com% and firstname.lastname@example.org%) were tested against anthracnose disease of black gram under field condition. Among them, seed treatment with carbendazim@ 3gram/kg seed and foliar spray of mixture of azole and strobilurin group T3- email@example.com ( tebuconazole + trifloxystrobin) and T7-amistar firstname.lastname@example.org% (azoxystrobin+ difenoconazole) were found significantly (at 0.05%) superior over the rest of treatments, both showed minimum (6%) disease severity with maximum (78.51%) disease control. Significant (at 0.05%) increase in yield (47.5%) also observed in both treatments T3 and T7. The treatment T1- Spray of Folicur@0.1%, T2- Spray of Tilt @0.1%, T4- Spray of Saaf@0.2%, T5- Spray of Bavistin@0.2%, T8- Spray of Kavach@0.2%, T9- Spray of Blitox@0.2% also showed good results in reducing the black gram anthracnose disease severity per cent (64.29, 57.14, 64.28, 57.14, 71.42 and 64.28 and also increased the yield per cent 37.5, 35, 42.5, 36.25, 45 and 45 respectively.
Anthracnose disease, Black gram, Fungicide, Disease incidence, Disease severity
Anonymous (2018a). Pulses revolution from food to nutritional security. Crops division government of India ministry of agriculture and farmers welfare department of agriculture, cooperation and farmers welfare Krishi Bhavan, New Delhi – 110 001.
Anonymous (2018b). Economics and statistics division state planning institute, planning department, Uttar Pradesh, Lucknow, In: Sankhikya Patrika District Jhansi. Page no. 37.
Bashir, M., Alam, S.S., Qureshi, S.H. and Malik, B. A. (1985). Control of mungbean anthracnose by foliar fungicides. Pakistan J. Agric. Res. 6:173–175.
Chaudhari, K.A and Gohel, N.M. (2016). Management of anthracnose disease of mungbean through new fungicidal formulations. J. Pure Appl. Microbiol. 10(1): 691-696.
Ingle, Y.V., Patil, C.U. and Ingle, T.K. (2014). Effect of fungicides and plant resistance activator on Colletotrichum leaf spot of soybean. The Bioscan. 9(3):1187-1190.
Jagtap, G.P., Gavate, D.C. and Dev, U. (2013). Management of Colletotrichum truncatum causing anthracnose/ pod blight of soybean by fungicides. Indian Phytopath. 66(2):177-181.
Khan, A.A., Khan, R.U. and Singh, R. (2005). Management of Cercospora leaf spot and anthracnose diseases of mungbean by fungicides. Ann. Plant Prot. Sci. 13:465–529.
Kumbhar, C.T. and More, S.M. (2013). Efficacy of triazole fungicides in controlling fruit rot of chilli. Int. J. Pl. Prot. 6(2):257-261.
Majid, S. (1953). Annals Report of Department of Agriculture, Assam for the year 1951-1952 and 1952-1953. The Grow More Food Campaign, 2:1-112.
Mayee, C.D. and Datar, V.V. (1986). “Phytopathometry” Technical Bulletin-I, Marathawada Agricultural University, Parbhani, India, pp. 146.
Shao, F.M. and Teri, J.M. (1985).Yield losses in Phaseolus beans induced by anthracnose in Tanzania. Trop. Pest Manag. 31:60-62.
Sharma, P.N, Ahmad B., Sharma O.P., Pathania, A. and Sharma, P. (2007). Pathological and molecular diversity in Colletotrichum lindemuthianum (bean anthracnose) across Himachal Pradesh- A north- western Himalayan state of India. Australas. Plant. Path. 36:191-197.
Shen, Y.M., Liu, H. L., Chang, S.T. and Chao, C.H. (2010). First report of anthracnose caused by Colletotrichum acutatum on mungbean sprouts in Taiwan. Plant Dis. 94:131.
Shukla, V., Baghel, S., Maravi, K. and Singh, S.K. (2014). Yield loss assessment in mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.)Wilczek] caused by anthracnose [Colletotrichum truncatum (schw.) Andrus and moore]. Bioscan, 9:1233–1235.
Subedi, S. Gharti, D. B., Neupane, S. and Ghimire, T. (2015). Management of Anthracnose in Soybean using Fungicide. J. Nepal Agri. Res. Coun. 1: 29-32
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
This work is licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) © Author (s)