##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

Aditya Nidhi Sharma P. S. Shehrawat

Abstract

Soil degradation is a point of evolution which leads to a reduction of resource potential. About 7.40 m ha arable lands globally turn to degraded lands as a result of climate change and deforestation. The problem of soil degradation has been ever since cultivation of soils started because of increasing population of India at the rate of about 1.8% requiring marginal areas to be brought under the plough to meet the growing food demand. The present study was conducted in Kaithal district in the year 2018-19. The study revealed that ‘Excessive use of chemical fertilizers’ (88.33%) followed by ‘non- judicious use of insecticides/pesticides’ (85.83%), ‘less application of organic manure’ (85.00%), ‘deforestation (78.33%), and ‘over uplifting of ground water’ (75.83%) were found as most important causes of soil degradation. The  most important remedial action for problematic soil were found as ‘land for equal distribution of resources/irrigation’ (90.83%) followed by ‘application of Gypsum for sodic and saline soil’ (85.83%), ‘introduction of legumes in cropping system’ (80.00%), ‘recharge of ground water during rainy season’ (78.33%), ‘crop residue incorporation by happy seeder’ (77.50%), ‘application of green manuring/ organic manure’ (75.00%) and ‘leaching of salts in saline soil’ (72.50%). Soil conservation is important for the future use and future generation. The study would be helpful in soils conservation which may otherwise cause damage to plant growth which in turn may adversely affect yield and there by food security also.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

Climate change, Deforestation, Organic manure, Soil degradation

References
Abdeta, G. C. and Geleto, G. M. (2018). Farmers’ perception on land degradation and adoption of soil-water conservation measures in ethiopian highlands: Review Article. Journal of Resources Development and Management, 40: 36-54.
Asner, G.P., Townsend, A.R., Bustamante, M.M.C., Nardoto, G.B. and Olander, L.P. (2004). Pasture degradation in the central amazon: Linking changes in carbon and nutrient cycling with remote sensing
Aulakh, M.S. and Sidhu, G.S. (2015). Soil degradation in India: Causes, major threats, and management options. In: MARCO Symposium 2015 - Next Challenges of Agro-Environmental research in Monsoon Asia. pp. 151-156. National Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences (NIAES), Tsukuba, Japan.
Bhattacharyya, R., Ghosh, B. N., Mishra, P. K. and Mandal, B. (2015). Soil Degradation in India: Challenges and Potential Solutions. Sustainability. 7(4): 3528-3570.
Nagaraja, B.C. (2009). 2nd German-Indian Conference on Research for Sustainability. United Nations University, Bonn, 27-28 April, 2009.
Ramankutty, N. and Foley, J.A. (1999). Estimating historical changes in land- cover: North American cropland from 1700 to 1992. Global Biogeochemical cycles, 13: 997-1027.
Rathore, K. P. S., Bangarva, G. S., Rathore, R. S., Ranawat, R. and Rathore, D. P. S. (2011). Training needs of opium growers in pratapgarh district of Rajasthan. Rajasthan Journal of Extension Education.19: 202-205.
Salifu, T., Agyare, W.A., Boamah, P.O., Jacqueline, O. and Naabil, E. (2013). Assessment of the Effect of Burning on Soil Properties in the Guinea Savannah Zone of Ghana. International Journal of Agriculture Innovations and Research, 2 (3): 313-316.
Singh, P.R., Singh, S., Singh, A. and Chaudhary, S.P. (2012a). Reclamation of degraded land through forestry practices.https://www.researchgate.net/publication/288107796
Singh, S., Khaddar, V. K, Ahirwar, R. P. and Leelavati. (2012b). Crop Productivity and Training Needs of Beneficiary Farmers in Watershed Development Programme. Indian Research Journal of Extension Education. 1: 303-306.
Yadav, J.S.P. (2000). Advances in Land Resource Management for 21st Century. Soil conservation society of India, 253-264.
Citation Format
How to Cite
Aditya, Sharma, N., & Shehrawat, P. S. (2019). Judging causes of soil degradation and remedial measures for reclamation in Kaithal district of Haryana state. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 11(4), 802-805. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v11i4.2183
More Citation Formats:
Section
Research Articles