Sushma K.S Jayashankar M. Mohammed Ali Saeed Vinu A.K.


Twenty fungal endophytes were isolated from different medicinal plants of Biligirirangana Hill, Chamarajanagar dist. Phytochemical analysis of ethyl acetate extract showed positive results for tanins, flavonoids, steroids, terpenoids, glycosides, saponins and alkaloids except saponin and flavonoid tests. The crude extracts of the fungal endophytes were tested against two gram positive and two gramnegetive bacteria for its antibacterial activity. The highest zone of inhibition was produced by Fusarium sps (AB9)35mm. All the crude extracts were found to be effective against Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus rather in Pseudomonas aerogenosa. Among them the highest inhibition zone was produced in Penicillium sp (AB11) 24mm, Cladosporium sp(AB3) 21mm, and Aspergillus sp(AB12) 30mm. Therefore, endophytic fungi can be a good source to inhibit the growth of harmful pathogens.



Download data is not yet available.




Antibacterial activity, Crude extracts, Endophytic fungi, Phytochemical analysis

Bandoni, AL., Mendiondo, ME., Rondina, RVD. and Coussio, JD (1976). Survey of Argentine medicinal plants, folklore and phytochemical screening II. Econ. Bot., 30: 161-185.
Barmet, H., (1992). The natural pharmacy: An encyclopedic illustrated guide to medicine from nature. Mirriampolunin and Christopher Robins, Great Britain.
Barnett and Hunter. L.,(1972). Illustrated genera of imperfect fungi (3rd Ed). Burgess Publishing Company, California.
Bremer, K., Chase, MW., Stevens, PF., (1998). An ordinal classi?cation for the families of ?owering plants. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden; 85: 531–553.
Chareprasert, S., Piapukiew, J., Thienhirun, S., Whalley, A. and Sihanonth, P (2006). Endophytic fungi of teak leaves Tectonagrandis L. and rain tree SamaneasamanMerr. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, 22: 481-486.
Collee, JG., Marmion, BP., Fraser, AG., Simmons (1996). A. Mackie and McCartney Practical Medical Microbiology. 14th ed. Churchill-Livingstone.
Harborne, JB., (1973). Phytochemical methods, London. Chapman and Hall, Ltd. pp. 49-188.
Hill, AF., (1952). Economic Botany. A textbook of useful plants and plant products. 2nd edn. McGarw-Hill Book Company Inc, New York.
Kumar, CS., Sarada, DVL, Gideon, TP., Rengasamy, R. (2008). Antibacterial activity of three South Indian seagrasses, Cymodoceaserrulata, Halophila ovalis and Zosteracapensis. World J Microbiol Biotechnol24: 1989–1992. Doi: 10.1007/s11274-008-9695-5.
Ladoh-Yemeda, CF., Nyegue. MA., Ngene, JP., Benelesse, GE., Lenta B., Wansi, JD., Mpondo Mpondo, E., Dibong, SD (2015). Identification and phytochemical screening of Endophytic fungi from stems of Phragmanthera capitata (Sprengel) S. Balle (Loranthaceae). Journal of Applied Biosciences 90:8355– 8360.
Lin, Y., Wang, J., Wu, X., Zhou, S., Vrijmoed, LL, and Jones, EG. (2002). A novel compound enniatin G from the mangrove fungus Halosarpheia sp. (strain# 732) from the South China Sea. Aust J Chem; 55(3):225-7.
Madegowda, C.,(2009). Traditional knowledge and conservation. Econ Polit Wkly; 44:65–9.
Palem, PPC., Kuriakose, GC., Jayffabaskaran, C., (2016) Correction: An Endophytic Fungus, Talaromycesradicus, Isolated from Catharanthus roseus, Produces Vincristine and Vinblastine, Which Induce Apoptotic Cell Death. PLOS ONE 11(4): e0153111.
Ramesha, A. and Srinivas, C.(2014). Antimicrobial activity and phytochemical analysis of crude extractsof endophytic fungi isolated from Plumeria acuminata L. and Plumeria obtusifolia L. European Journal of Experimental Biology, 4(2):35-43.
Schulz, B., and Boyle, C. (2006). What are endophytes? In: Schulz B, Boyle C, Sieber T, editors.Microbial root endophytes. Berlin: Springer-Verlag; p. 1–13.
Schulz, B., Wanke, U., Draeger, S., and Aust, HJ (1993). Endophytic from herbaceous plants and shrubs: Effectiveness of surface sterilization method. Mycol Res; 97:1447?50.
Stierle, A., Strobel, G., Stierle, D (1993). Taxol and taxane production by Taxomycesandreanae, an endophytic fungus of Pacific yew. Science, 260:214-216
Strobel, G. and Daisy, B. (2003). Bioprospecting for Microbial Endophytes and Their Natural Products.Microbiology and MolecularBiologyReviews 67(4):491-502.
Subramanian, CV. (1983). Hyphomycetes. Taxonomy and Biology. Academic press. London Vol. I and II. 1-930.
Suresh, B. D., Vijaya T., Venkateswarulu, N., Chandramouli, K., Krishnakanth, S., Chamarthi, N. (2013). Endophytic fungal diversity from endemic plants of Tirumala hills in Eastern ghats and their anti-candidal activity. World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, 3 (1): 834-847.
Tan, RX, and Zhou, WX (2001). Endophytes: A rich source of functional metabolites. Nat. Prod. Rep, 18, 448-459.
Vinu, AK and Jayashankara, M. (2011). Potentiality of Endophytic Fungi of Justicia wayanadensis as Bioagent against Rhizoctoniasolani. Asian Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology & Environmental Sciences Pape,13 (1) 7-9.
Wiyakrutta, S., Sriubolmas, N., Phanput, W., Thongon, N., Danwisetkanjana, K., Ruangrungsi, N.(2004). Endophytic fungi with anti-microbial, anti-cancer, and anti-malarial activities isolated from Thai medicinal plants. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, 20:265–272
Citation Format
How to Cite
K.S, S., M., J., Saeed, M., & A.K., V. (2018). Antibacterial activity of endophytic fungi from some medicinal plants of Biligirirangana hill, India. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 10(4), 1286-1290. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v10i4.1923
More Citation Formats:
Research Articles