Vandana Gupta Neeru Bala Deepak Kumar Bose Jyoti Kumari


The present study was undertaken to find out socio-demographic profile of respondents and to estimate the current feeding practices including breastfeeding, pre-lacteal feeding and complementary feeding. A cross-sectional study was conducted in four blocks namely Haringtonganj, Amaniganj, Bikapur and Sohawal of Faizabad District in 2015. Total 352 lactating mother having children’s aged from 6 months to 2 years were interviewed to collect information on pre designed and pretested proforma. The data was tabulated on Microsoft Excel sheet and analysed using chi-square test. Study findings showed that mostly 43.75% were in the age range of 20-25 years. More than half (58.51%) of the mothers were literate and majority 96.87% mothers were housewives. All mothers had done breastfeeding in which 73.58% mothers continued breastfeeding after 6 months at the time of study. Majority 89.49% responding mothers were given exclusive breastfeeding, 81.82% had given colostrum and 38.64% gave pre-lacteal feed to their baby. Most of the children (80.11%) were taking weaning food but majority 89.36% mothers did not prepare any special food for their children. The association between education of mothers and infant feeding practices was found to be statistically significant (p<0.05). The study showed that mostly mothers adopted correct feeding practices at some extent and these practices were much influenced by education of mothers. So it is very necessary to imparting nutrition and health education to the mothers.


Download data is not yet available.




Complementary feeding, Education, Exclusive breastfeeding, Infant, Pre-lacteal feeding, Socio-demographic profile

Agarwal, M., Joshi, H. S., Tanwar, R., Singh, A., Katyal, R. and Upadhyay, D. (2018). An evaluation: IYCF practices in rural area of Bareilly district, Uttar Pradesh. Int J Community Med Public Health., 5(1):308-312.
Cacodkar, J., Joglekar, Sh. and Dubhashi, A. (2016). Breast feeding and infant feeding practices among rural mothers in Goa. Int J Community Med Public Health., 3(1):184-189.
Census of India (2011). Retrieved May, 16 2018 from http://www.censusindia.gov.in/2011census /dchb/DCHB_A/09/0946_PART_A_DCHB_FAIZABAD.pdf
C-14 Population in five year age-group by residence and sex. New Delhi; Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India (2011). Retrieved July, 22 2015 from http://www.censusindia.gov.in/2011census/C-series/C-14.html.
Farah, Sh. and Karim, M. (2015). Characteristics of Feeding Practices and Nutritional Status of Infants in Selected Villages at Dhamrai. Bangladesh Med Res Counc Bull., 41: 108-113.
Jain, U., Jain, J. B., Garg, D., Sharma, U. R. and Agrawal, N. (2013). Knowledge of Breast-feeding and Breast-feeding Practices amongst mothers delivered at tertiary level obstetrics care hospital at Udaipur. Int J Med Pharm Sci., 04 (01):10 – 16.
Jennifer, H. G. and Muthukumar, K. (2012). A Cross Sectional Descriptive Study to Estimate the Prevalence of Early Initiation and Exclusive Breast feeding in Rural Health Training Centre of Medical College Tamilnadu, Southern India. Journal of Clinical Diagnostic and Research, 6(9):1514-1517.
Jha, P. K., Kumar, K. J. K. and Niharika, L. (2016). Study of breast feeding practices in rural field practice area of Kakatiya Medical College, Warangal, Telangana state, India. Int J Community Med Public Health., 3(9):2661-2666.
Kakati, R., Barua, R. and Borah, M. (2016). Complementary feeding practices and its determinants in rural areas of Kamrup district, Assam, India. Sch. J. App. Med. Sci., 4(6F):2260-2265.
Kalita, D. and Borah, M. (2016). Current practices on infant feeding in rural areas of Assam, India: a community based cross sectional study. International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health, 3 (6): 1454-1460.
Karim, Dr. M., Farah, Dr. Sh. and Ferdousi, Dr. J. (2012). Study on feeding practices of infants among the mothers in selected villages at Dhamrai. J. Dhaka National Med. Coll. Hos., 18 (02): 30-36.
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare: National Family Health Survey-4 (2015-16). Distrct Fact Sheet, Faizabad, U.P. pp. 1-4. Retrieved May, 16 2018 from http://rchiips.org/nfhs/FCTS/UP/UP_Factsheet_177_Faizabad.pdf.
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare: National Family Health Survey-4 (2015-16). India Fact Sheet. pp. 1-6. Retrieved May, 16 2018 from http://rchiips.org/nfhs/pdf/NFHS4/India.pdf.
National Guidelines on Infant and Young Child Feeding (2004). Ministry of Human Resource Development. pp. 1-26. Retrieved May, 17 2018 from http://www.wcd.nic.in/sites/default/files/nationalguidelines.pdf
Parashar, A., Sharma, D., Gupta, A. And Dhadwal, D. S. (2017). Pre-lacteal feeding practices and associated factors in Himachal Pradesh. Int J Health Allied Sci., 6:30-4. Available from http://www.ijhas.in/text.asp?2017/6/1/30/200205
Park, K. (2005). Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine. 20th ed. Publishers: Banarsidas Bhanot, Jabalpur, India. pp 457.
Patil, S. S., Hasamnis, A. A., Pathare, R. S., Parmar, A., Rashid, A. K. and Narayan, K. A. (2009). Exclusive Breast Feeding and its correlates in an urban slum in Western India.
Shankar K. and Muthukumar S. (2015). Pre lacteal feeding practice among rural mothers in Tamilnadu. International Journal of Biomedical and Advance Research., 6(06): 484-487.
Saxena, Dr. V. and Kumar, Dr. P. (2014). Complementary feeding practices in rural community: A study from block Doiwala district Dehradun. Indian Journal of Basic and Applied Medical Research, 3 (2): 358-363.
Tiwari, S., Bharadva, K., Yadav, B., Malik, S., Gangal, P., Banapurmath, C. R., Zaka-Ur-Rab, Z., Deshmukh, U., Kumar, V. and Agrawal, R. K. (2016). Indian Pediatrics: Infant and Young Child Feeding Guidelines, 2016. 53:703-713.
Verma, A. and Dixit, P. (2016). Knowledge and Practices of Exclusive Breastfeeding among Women in Rural Uttar Pradesh. J Neonatal Biol., 5 (3): 228.
Vyas, Sh., Sharma, P., Kandpal, S. D., Semwal, J., Srivastava, A. and Nautiyal, V. (2012). A community based study on breastfeeding practices in a rural area of Uttarakhand. National Journal of Community Medicine., 3 (2): 283 – 287.
Wagh, S. V., Wagh, S. S., Raut, M. M., Dambhare, D. G. and Sharma, D. A. (2013). A Study of Breast Feeding Practices in a Vidarbha Region of Maharashtra, India. Innovative Journal of Medical and Health Science, 238 - 241.
World Health Organization (2018) Exclusive breastfeeding. Retrieved May, 16 2018 from http://www.who.int/nutrition/topics/exclusive_breastfeeding/en/
World Health Organization (2018). Infant and Young Child Feeding Fact Sheet. Retrieved May, 16 2018 from http://www.who.int/en/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/infant-and-young-child-feeding
United Nation Children’s Fund (2015). Breastfeeding. Retrieved May, 16 2018 from https://www.unicef.org/nutrition/index_24824.html
United Nations Children’s Fund (2013). Improving Child Nutrition. The achievable imperative for global progress. New York. Retrieved July, 11 2015 from www.unicef.org/ publications/index.html.
World Health Organization (2018). Complementary feeding. Retrieved May, 16 2018 from http://www.who.int/nutrition/topics/complementary_feeding/en/
World Health Organization (2018). Promoting proper feeding for infants and young children. Retrieved May, 16 2018 from http://www.who.int/nutrition/topics/infantfeeding/en/
Citation Format
How to Cite
Gupta, V., Bala, N., Bose, D., & Kumari, J. (2018). Study on infant feeding practices among mothers in rural areas of Faizabad District (U.P.), India. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 10(3), 831-837. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v10i3.1704
More Citation Formats:
Research Articles