##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

S. P. Monalisa J. K. Beura R. K. Tarai M. Naik

Abstract

An experiment on seed quality enhancement of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) var. S 9 (local) was conducted at the department of seed science and technology, OUAT, Bhubaneswar during 2013-14 by use of three biocontrol agents viz. Trichoderma viride, Trichoderma harzianum, Pseudomonas fluorescence. Seeds were bi-oprimed with the biocontrol agents at 40, 50 and 60 % concentration for 4,8,12 and 16 hours of soaking. Seeds were also hydro primed for 4,8,12 and 16 hours. Unprimed dry seed resulted in germination (69 %), shoot length (27.5 cm), root length (14 cm), seedling dry weight (1.71g), SVI-I (2859.2), SVI-II (118.0) and speed of germination (5.8) while hydro primed seeds resulted in germination (72%), shoot length (31.9 cm), root length (15 cm), seedling dry weight (1.80 g), SVI-1 (3375.9) SVI-II (129.8) and speed of germination (6.7). Trichoderma harzianum at 40% con-centration and for 4 hours of soaking resulted enhancement of above quality parameter like 13.0 % in germination, 21.1 % in shoot length, 20.7 % in root length, 31.6 % in seedling dry weight, 36 % in seedling vigour index-I, 48.1 % in seedling vigour index-II and 58.6 % in speed of germination over unprimed seeds. Bio priming with P. fluorescence ( at 40% concentration and for 4 hour) closely followed and at par with best treatment with 11.6 %, 18.2 %, 16.4 %, 30.4 %, 30.7 % and 56.9 % enhancement of above mentioned quality parameters, respectively.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

Biopriming, Trichoderma harzianum Trichoderma viride, Pseudomonas fluorescence, Unprimed seed

References
Abdul-Baki, A. A. and Anderson, J. G.(1973). Vigour determination in soybean seeds by multiple criteria. Crop sci ., 13: 630-633.
A.O.S.A. (1983). (Association of Official Seed Analysis). Seed Vigour Testing Handbook, 32: 23-29.
Fabunmi ,T. O, Gbadamosi, B. K. and Adigbo, .S O. 2012. Seed hydro priming and early moisture stress impact on biomass production and grain yield of cowpea. International Journal of Applied Science and Technology 2(10):112-122.
Fath, EL-bab, T. Sh and Riad ,S.R, El-Mohamedy.(2013). Biopriming seed treatment for suppressive root rot soil borne pathogens and improvement growth and yield of green bean (PhaseolusvulgarisL.). Journal of Applied Science Research 9(7):4378-4387.
Golezani, K, A. Jeddi, S. Naraollabzadeh and Moghaddam M. ( 2010 ). Influence of hydropriming duration on field performance of pinto bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). African Journal of Agriculture Research 5(9): 893-894.
ISTA. International seed testing association.(1999). Seed Science and Technology. 27: 1-33.
Karthika, C. and Vanangamudi,K.( 2013). Biopriming of maize hybrid COH (M) 5 seed with liquid biofertilizers for enhanced germination and vigour. African Journal of Agricultural Research 8(25):3310-3317.
Moosavi,S. S, Khanghah,D. H, Khanghah,M.A, Alaei,Y and Jafari ,M.(2012). A study on seed hydropriming effects on morphological traits and quanlitative and quantitative yield in soybeans under farm conditions. Life Science Journal 9(4):1546-1552.
Nirmala, K. and Umarani, R.(2008). Evaluation of seed priming methods to improve seed vigour of okra (Abelmoschusesculentus) and beetroot (Beta vulgaris). Seed Science and Technology 36:56-65.
Sen, S. and Ghosh N.(1999). Seed Science and Technology. Kalyani publishers, Ludhiana. pp.126
Shah H,, Jalwat T., Arif, M. and Miraj,G. (2012). Seed priming improves early seedling growth and nutrient uptake in mungbean. Journal of plant nutrition 35:805-816.
Sharmaa, A.D, Rathoreb, S.V. S, K. Srinivasan and Tyagia,R.K (2014). Comparison of various seed priming methods for seed germination, seedling vigour and fruit yield in okra (AbelmoschusesculentusL.Moench). ScientiaHorticulturae165:75-81.
Srinivasan,K, Jain,S.K, S.Saxsena, Radhamani,J. and Manju, U.(2009). Seed priming and fortification. Seed Research Journal 37(1 & 2):1-13
Warren, J.E. and Bennet,M.A.(2000).Biopriming tomato (LycopersiconeschlentumMill.) seeds for improvement of stand establishment. Advances and Applications in seed Biology. CAB Intl., Wallingtoford, U. K. 48-69.
Yadav, S.K., Dave,A., Sarkar,A.,Harikesh,B.S.and Sharma,B.K.(2013). Co-inoculated biopriming with Trichoderma, Pseudomonas and Rhizobium improves crop growth in CicerarietinumandPhaseolus vulgaris. International Journal of Agriculture, Environments and Biotechnology 6(2): 255-259.
Citation Format
How to Cite
Monalisa, S. P., Beura, J. K., Tarai, R. K., & Naik, M. (2017). Seed quality enhancement through biopriming in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris. L). Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 9(3), 1740-1743. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v9i3.1431
More Citation Formats:
Section
Research Articles