##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

D. Akash N. Earanna S. Subramanya

Abstract

Evergreen forests of Biligiri rangana hills (BR hills) spread over an area of 540 sq. KM over eastern most edge of Western Ghats in Karnataka. Climatic conditions are more favorable for establishment of mushrooms and complete their life cycle. In this study, fourteen mushroom species were collected from BR hills region during monsoon (June through September 2013) with the help of Solega tribe inhabited the region since many years. Of the fourteen mushrooms, two mushrooms were identified as Ganoderma lucidum and Polyporous flabelliformis based on their phenotypic characters. The other 12 mushrooms were identified by ITS (Internal Transcribed spacer)region sequence homology as Termitomyces sp. (BRM-3)., Auricularia delicate (BRM-4), Termitomyces microcarpus (BRM-5), Amanita sp. (BRM-6), Podoscypha petalodes (BRM-7), Agaricaceae sp. (BRM-8), Macrolepiota sp.(BRM-9), Calvatia holothurioides (BRM-10), Gymnopillus crociphyllus (BRM-11), Coprinus comatus (BRM-12), Gyrodontium sacchari (BRM-13) and Clitocybeafffellea (BRM-14). Among the fourteen mushrooms, three species viz., Termito-myces species, Auricularia delicate and Termitomyces microcarpus were edible. The others were non edible/poisonous species. This study reports the diverse mushroom species as addition to biodiversity at BR hills.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

Biligiri rangana hills, Documentation, ITS region, Mushroom diversity

References
Altschul, S. F., Gish, W., Lipman, W. W. (1990). Basic local alignment search tool.J. Mol. Boil.,215(3): 403- 410
Arora, D., (1986). Mushrooms Demystified: A comprehensive guide to the fleshy fungi.Ten Speed Press., Pp, 8-28
Bakshi B. K. (1971). Indianpolyporaceae. Indian Council of Medical Research(ICMR)., Pp, 232-246
Bhatt, R.P., Bhatt, V.K., and Gaur, R.D. (1995). Fleshy fungi of Garwahal Himalaya: The genousRussula. Indian Phytopath.,48(4): 402-411
Gireesha, J and Raju, N.S. (2013).Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in BR Hills region ofWestern Ghats, Karnataka, Asian J. PlantSci. Res., 3(5): 36-40
Hobbs, C. H. (1995). Medicinal mushrooms: an exploitation of tradition, healing and culture. Botanica press.Santacruz., Pp, 219-251
Madigan, M. T., Martinco, J. M., Dunlap, P. V. and Clark, D. P. (2009). Microbial evolution and systematics In: Biology of microorganisms. PearsonBenjamin cummings, Sanfranscisco., Pp,358-393
Meera, P. and Veena, S. S. (2012). Characterization and conservation of edible and medicinal mushrooms of Western Ghats of India. Indian. J. Trop. Biodiv., 20(1):37-44.
Oyetayo, V. O. (2012). Wild Termitomycesspecies collected from Ondo and Ekiti States are more related to African speciesas revealed by ITS region of rDNA. Sci. World J., 1:1-5.
Rajaratnam, S. and Thiagarajan, T. (2012).Molecular characterization of wild mushroom.Eur. J. Exptl. Biol., 2(2): 369-373
Sambrook, J., Fritsch, E.F. and Maniatis, T. (1989).Molecular cloning:A laboratory manual. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory press., Pp, 13-55
Sreenivasan, U and Prashanth,N. (2005). Addtions to the avifauna of the BiligiriRangana Hills, Karnataka, Indian Birds., 1(5): 103-104.
Sudip, K. D., Aninda, M., Animesh, K., Datta.,Sudha, G., Rita, P., Aditi., Sonali, S. and Priyanka, K. D. (2013). Nucleotide sequencing and identification of some wild mushrooms.The Scientific World J., 1: 7-10
Victor, Olusegun. AndOyetayo. (2012). Wild Termitomyces species collected from Ondo and Ekiti states are more related to African species as revealed by ITS region of r DNA. African J. Bitechnol., 10(14): 1-8.
Wasser, S. P. and Weis, A.L.(1999). General description of the most important medicinal higher Basidiomycetes mushrooms.Int. Med.Mush.,1: 351-370.
Gross, W., Heilmann, I., Lenze, D. and Schnarrenberger, C. (2001). Biogeography of the Cyanidiaceae (Rhodophyta) based on 18S ribosomal RNA sequence data., Eur. J. Phycol., 36: 275-280.
Zhihong, W., Yoshihiko, T., Goran, B. and Xiaoru, W. (2003). 18S rRNA gene variation among common airborne fungi and development of specific oligonucleotide probes for the detection of fungal isolates. Appl. Environ.Microbiol., 69: 5389-5397.
Citation Format
How to Cite
Akash, D., Earanna, N., & Subramanya, S. (2017). Mushroom diversity in the Biligiri rangana hills of Karnataka (India). Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 9(3), 1381-1387. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v9i3.1371
More Citation Formats:
Section
Research Articles