The study has focused on problems and prospects perceived by farmers’ for growing rice in direct seeded cultivation mode i.e. Direct Seeded Rice (DSR) in Haryana (India). Overall adoption of DSR technology was low to moderate since 70 per cent respondents belonged to these categories. The method of sowing (weighted mean score 3.0), depth of sowing (2.93) and seed treatment (2.93) were highly adopted agronomic practices, whereas least adopted practices were like recommended seed rate (1.94), timely application of fertilizers (1.87) and their recommended doses (1.73), and ferrous sulphate use only at deficiency syndrome (1.19) not as per recommended schedule. Among constraints non-availability of quality seeds, fertilizers, weedicides and pesticides in required quantity and at proper time (1.64), high weed infestation in DSR in comparison to transplanting (2.88), wide fluctuation in prices (2.83) of basmati paddy due to lack of MSP, lack of storage facilities in villages (2.78), lack of proper knowledge of irrigation schedule (1.73), non-availability of extension personnel (1.64), lack of low credit facility (1.62), non-availability of agricultural magazines and literature in time in villages (2.78), lack of stable procurement policy for basmati rice (2.78) and lack of trained field staff to provide technical guidance during cultivation (2.02) process were serious constraints faced by farmers in adoption of DSR technology in Haryana. Since majority of respondent farmers agreed that DSR technology give better net returns in comparison to transplanting (2.95), less labour requirement (2.92) and best suited to climate change risks (2.66).
Basmati Rice, Climate Change, Constraints, Direct Seeded Rice, Prospects
Anonymous, (2013). Agricultural and Processed Food Products Expert Development Authority, Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Government of India.
Chauhan, B. S. (2013). Strategies to manage weedy rice in Asia. Crop Production, 48: 51-56.
De, Bibhas Kanti (2010). Employment and Income Generation in Paddy cultivation through Sri in Tripura. Journal of Community Mobilization and Sustainable Development, 5(2): 87-91.
Gill, M.S.,; Kumar, A. and Kumar, P. (2006). Growth and yield of rice (Oryza saliva) cultivars under various methods and times of sowing. Indian Journal of Agronomy, 51(2):123-127.
Kaur, Manjeet;, Mahal,A.K. and Sekhon, M.K. (2011). Adoption of Labour-saving Technology in Paddy Transplantation- Micro-Level Evidences from Punjab. Agricultural Economics Research Review, 24: 568.
Min, Haung;, Zou,-Yingbin,; Feng,-Yuehua;, Cheng,-Zhaowei;, Mo-Yali;, Lbrahim,-Md;, Xia,-Bing;, Jiang,- Peng (2011). No-tillage and direct seeding for super hybrid rice production in rice-oilseeds rape cropping system. European Journal of Agronomy, 34(4): 278-286.
Muhammad Farooq, S.M.A. Basra, R. Tabassum and I. Afzal. (2006). Enhancing the performance of direct seeded fine rice by seed priming. Plant Prod. Sci., 9(4): 446-456.
Mukteshawar, R. and Shehrawat, P.S. (2015). Farmers’ awareness and perception towards greenhouse gases (GHG) emission. Annals of Biology, 31(1): 141-146.
Oudhia, O. (1999). Chhattishgarh Farmers response in control of weeds in Direct seeded rice. Agric. Sci. Digest, 19(4): 261-263.
Pathak, H;., Tewri, A.N;., Sankyan, S. Dubey, D.S., Mina, U;, Singh. U.K., Jain, N,; Bhatia (2011). A Directseeded rice: potential, performance and problems a review. Current advances in Agricultural Sciences, 3(2): 77-78.
Rehman, H;., Shahzad Maqsood Ahmed Basra and Muhammad Farooq (2011). Field appraisal of seed priming to improve the growth, yield and quality of direct seeded rice. Turk Jou. Agric, 35: 357-365.
Singh, R; Hansra, B.S. and Chand, Ramesh (2013). Knowledge and Adoption Level of Farmers of Haryana about Scientific Rice Cultivation Practices. Journal of Community Mobilization and Sustainable Development, 8 (1): 24-28.
Singh, Y.,; Singh, G.,; Singh, V.P.,; Singh, Pratibha.,; Hardy, B. Johnson.,; D.E. and Mortimer, M. (2005). Direct seeding of rice and weed management in the irrigated rice wheat cropping system of the Indo Gangetic Plains. Directorate of Experiment Stations, G.B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar , India.
Tripathi, J.,; Bhatta, M.R.,; Justice, S. and Shakya, N.K. (2 00 4 ) . Di r e c t s e ed in g: An eme rgin g resource conserving technology for rice cultivation in the rice-wheat system. In: Proc. 24th national summer crops research workshop. July 8-10, 2004, Lalitput, Nepal. Pp. 273-281.
Weerakoon, W.M.B; M.M.P. Mutunayake; C. Bandara; A.N. Rao; D.C. Bhandari, J.K. Ladha (2011). Direct seeded rice culture in Sri Lanka: Lessons from farmers. Field Crops Research, 121: 53-63.
This work is licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) © Author (s)