Sushil Kumar Pooran Chand


Forty five hybrids derived from a diallel mating design of ten parents and one standard check PUSA CHARI-121 were evaluated for general and specific combining ability effects and standard heterosis for grain yield/plant, dry fodder yield/plant, days to 50 per cent flowering, plant height, number of leaves/plant, leaf length, leaf breadth and 100- seed weight of Sorghum bicolor. The mean square due to general and specific combining ability was significan for Days to 50% flowering, Days to maturity, Plant height (cm),No of Leaves/plant, Leaf length (cm), Leaf width (cm), seed yield/plant (g), Fodder yield/plant (q/ha) and 100-seed weight (g) for all the characters. Both additive and non additive genetic effects were present in the material under study. However the ratio of σ2gca/ σ2sca suggested that the preponderance of non additive gene action in expression of all the characters under study. Out of the nine parents PUSA CHARI-121, PANT CHARI-4, MP CHARI, PANT CHARI-6 and PANT CHARI-5 identified as good general combiner for grain yield/plant, dry fodder yield/plant and other agronomical traits. The hybrid HC-136 x PANT CHARI-4 and PANT CHARI-4 x PUSA CHARI-121 for grain yield/plant and hybrid MP CHARI x PANT CHARI-6, PANT CHARI-5 x SPV 1616 and HC-136 x PANT CHARI-4 for dry fodder yield/plant exhibited higher magnitude of positive significant specific combining ability effect with highest standard heterosis and per se performance. These hybrids were also found suitable for two or three yield contributing traits. In general, close association between specific combining ability effects and standard heterosis was observed among the best hybrids identified on the basis of specific combining ability effects for grain and dry fodder yield.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...




Combining ability, Diallel analysis, Gene action, Sorghum, Standard heterosis

Aruna, C., Audilakshmi, S. and Chandrasekara Reddy, D. (2010). Evaluation of sorghum [Sorghum biecolor (L.) Moench] germplasm lines for their yield components. Indian J. Agric. Sci., 80: 409-412.
Badge, P.L. and Patil, H.S. (1997). Line x Tester analysis in sorghum [Sorghum biecolor (L.) Moench]. Ann.Agric. Res., 18: 281-284.
Baghel, B.R.S., Chaudhary, Lata and Sharma, Vithal (2005). Combining ability analysis over the envirements for harvest index and its components in Sorghum [Sorghum biecolor (L.) Moench]. Indian J.of Genetics and Plant Breeding, 65 (4): 315-316
Gravois, K.A. and McNew, W.R. (1993). Genetic relationships and selection for rice yield and yield components. Crop Sci., 33: 249-252.
Griffing, B. (1956). Concept of general and specific combining ability in relation to diallel crossing system. Aust. J. Biol. Sci., 9: 463-493.
Harer, P.N. and Bapat, D.R. (1982). Line x tester analysis of combining ability in grain sorghum. J. Maharashtra Agric. Univ., 7: 230-232.
Hayes, H.K., and R.J.Garber. (1919). Synthetic production of high protein corn in relation to breeding. J. Amer. Soc. Agron.,11: 308-318.
Kumar, A.A., Reddy, B.V.S., Ramaiah, B. and Sharma, R. (2011). Heterosis in white-grained grain mold resistant sorghum hybrids. SAT J. Agric. Res., 9: 1-6.
Kumar, V. and Chopra, A.K. (2013). Response of sweet sorghum after fertigation with sugar mill effluent in two seasons. Sugar Tech, DOI 10.1007/s12355-013-0226-9
Kulkarni, Vikas., Salimath, P.M. and Patil, M.S. (2007). Combining ability analysis in Rabi Sorghum [Sorghum biecolor (L.) Moench]. Crop Research, 4:8-16.
Mahdy, E.E., Ali, M.A. and Mahmoud, A.M. (2011). The effect of environment on combining ability and heterosis in grain sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench). Asian J. Crop Sci., 3: 1- 15.
Meredith, W.R. and Bridge, R.R. (1972). Heterosis and gene action in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Crop. Sci., 12: 304-310.
Mohamed, M.I. and Talib, N.H. (2008). Heterosis and combining ability for quality traits in sorghum [Sorghum biecolor(L.) Moench]. Aust. J. Basic Appl. Sci., 2: 99-104.
Nagy, Z.Z., Tuba, F. Soldos, Z. and Erdei, L. (1995). CO2-Ex- change and Water Relation Responses of Sorghum and Maize during Water and Salt Stress. J. Plant Physiol., 145:539-544.
Panse, V.G. and Sakhatme, P.V. (1964). Statistical methods for Agricultural workers, 2 nd Edn, ICAR, New Delhi. 361 p.
Pillai, M.A., Rangaswamy, P., Nadarajan, N., Vanniarajan, C. and Ramalingam, J. (1995). Combining ability analysis for panicle characters in sorghum. Indian J. Agric. Res., 29: 98-102.
Prakash, R., Ganesamurthy, K., Nirmalakumari, A., Nagarajan, P. (2010). Combining ability for fodder yield and its components in Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench). Electron. J. Plant Breed., 1: 124-128
Premlatha, N., Kumar, N. and Veerabadhiran, P. (2006). Heterosis and combining ability for grain yield and its components in sorghum [Sorghum biecolor (L.) Moench]. Indian J. Genet., 66: 123-126.
Reddy, B.V.S., Ramesh, S., Reddy, P.S. and Kumar, A.A. (2009). Genetic Enhancement for Drought Tolerance in Sorghum. Plant Breed. Rev., 31:189-222.
Solanki, B.G., Patel, D.M., Patel, P.B. and Desai, R.T. (2007). Combining ability analysis in Sorghum [Sorghum biecolor (L.) Moench] Crop Research. Hisar. 33 (1/3): 187-191.
Vinaykumar, R., Jagadeesh., B.N., Talekar, S., Sandeep, R. G. and Rao, M.R.G. (2011). Combining ability of parents and hybrids for juice yield and its attributing traits in sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.). Electronic J. Plant Breed., 2 (1):41-46
Citation Format
How to Cite
Kumar, S., & Chand, P. (2015). Combining ability and heterosis for grain yield, fodder yield and other agronomic traits in sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench]. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 7(2), 1001-1005. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v7i2.721
More Citation Formats:
Research Articles