Anil Kumar Harshwardhan Harshwardhan Amarjeet Kumar Birendra Prasad


Combining ability and nature of gene interactions that contribute to yield and its attributing traits were investigated using 21 wheat hybrids developed by crossing 7 varieties in a half diallel mating design. Estimate of GCA effects exhibited that the parents UP2672, UP2526 and WH542 were identified as good general combiners revealing their ability in transmitting additive genes in desirable direction to their progenies. Hybrid viz., PBW 621 × UP 2425 (15.125) found to be the best specific crosses for grain yield plant-1, whether, WH 542 × HD 2967 (22.587) and UP 2526 × UP 2425 (14.490) had the highest SCA for biological yield plant-1 and harvest index, respectively. However, the best specific cross combinations for other characters were found for WH 542 × QLD 40 (-3.694) for days to maturity, PBW 621 × UP 2526 (-3.819) for plant height, HD 2967 × UP 2526 (7.527) for 1000 grain weight and WH 542 × UP 2672 (2.077) for sedimentation value. While crosses PBW 621 × UP 2425, UP 2526 × UP 2425 and QLD 40 × UP 2425 were found to be the best specific combiner for the characters number of productive tillers plant-1, grain yield plant-1, spike length, grain weight spike-1, harvest index, days to 75 % heading and protein content.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...




Combining ability, Common wheat, Diallel cross, Gene interaction, Quality, Yield

Anonymous (2013). Annual report (Directorate of Wheat Research) 2012-13.
Asif, A., Muhammad, F. and Anwar, M. (2001). Combining ability analysis in intraspecific crosses of spring wheat. Sarhad J. Agri., 21(1):112-120.
Dugustu, N. (2008). Combining ability analysis in relation to heterosis for grain yield per spike and agronomic traits in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Turkish J. Field Crops,13(2): 49-61.
Esmail, R.M. (2007). Detection of genetic components through triple test cross and line x tester analysis in bread wheat. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 3(2):184-190.
Esra, F.S. and Kokasal, L.S. (2010). Combining ability in the F1 generations of diallel cross for yield and yield com-ponents in Wheat. Sarhad J. Agric. 23(4): 937-942.
Ghimiray, T.S. and Sarkar, K.K. (2000).Combining ability of wheat ( Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes for quality parameters in terai soil. Journal of Interacademicia, 4(3): 366-369.
Griffing, B. (1956).Concept of general and specific combin-ing ability in relation to diallel crossing system. Aust, J. Biol., 51: 551-554.
Hasan, G., Jain, S.K. and Sastry, E.V.D. (2007). Analysis of combining ability for spike characteristics in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). International J. Agril. Biol., 8(5): 684-687.
Hasan, G., Swati, M.S., Khan, M.A. and Hassan, G. (2012). Combining ability in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under salinity and normal conditions. Indian J. Genet., 63(1): 69-70.
Hassan, G., Mohammad, F., Afridi, S.S. and Khalil, I. (2010). Combining ability in the f1 generations of dial-lel cross for yield and yield components in Wheat. Sarhad J. Agric., 23(4): 937-942.
Inamullah., Mohammad, F., Siraj-Ud-Din., Hussain, G. and Ali, S. (2010). Combining ability analysis for important traits in bread wheat. Sarhad J. Agril., 22(1): 45-50.
Kamaluddin., Singh, R.M., Prasad, L.C., Abdin, M.Z. and Joshi A.K. (2009).Combining ability analysis for grain filling duration and yield traits in spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L. em.Thell.).Genetics and Molecu-lar Biology, 30(2):411-416.
Kumar ,A., Harshwardhan, Kumar, A. and Prasad, B. (2015a). Heterotic performance of diallel F1 crosses over parents for yield and its contributing traits in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Journal of Hill Agricul-ture, 6(1):58-61.
Kumar ,A., Prasad, B. and Kumar,A. (2015b). Study of vari-ance components of combining ability for yield, its attributing traits in common bread wheat. Elixir Agri-culture; 81: 31425-31426.
Kumar ,A., Harshwardhan, Kumar,A. and Prasad, B..(2015c). Estimation of correlation coefficient for yield and quality parameters of bread wheat under tarai re-gion of pantnagar. Annals of Plant and Soil Research, 17(special issue): 224-228.
Mavi, G.S., Nanda, G.S., Sohu, V.S., Sharma, S. and Kaur, S. (2007). Combining ability analysis for yield and its components in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in two nitrogen regimes. Kaur Crop Improve., 30 (1) : 50-57.
Palve, S.M., Thete, R.Y. and Dumbre, A.D. (1987). Combin-ing ability in wheat from line x tester analysis. Journal of Maharashtra Agricultural Universities, 12(2): 244-245.
Prasad, B. (2014). Heterotic vigour studies in forage sor-ghum hybrid by multiple criteria Journal of Hill Agriculture, 5 (2): 182-185.
Prasad, B., Bahuguna, A. and Shukla, D.K. (2012). Geno-typic variation studies of Perilla (Perilla frutescens L.) germplasm under North-West Himalayan agri-silvi system. Environment and Ecology, 30 (4): 1235-1237.
Prasad, B., Shukla, P.S. and Singh, R. (2005). Effect of staggered planting of male parent on seed yield and quality of forage sorghum hybrid, PCH-106 .Seed Res., 33 (2): 213-214.
Rajesh, S., Bhawsar, R.C., Holkar, A.S. and Prasad, S.V.S. (2012).Combining ability for grain yield and its compo-nents in wheat. Agric. Sci. Dig., 28(4): 173-180.
Rajesh, S., Bhawsar, R.C., Holkar, A.S., Verma, G.P., Pati-dar, G.L. and Prasad, S.V.S. (2002).Combining ability for grain yield and its components in wheat. Agric. Sci. Dig., 22(4): 273-275.
Rajesh, S., Dobariya, K.L. and Jivani, L.L. (2008). Combin-ing ability and gene action in intervarietal crosses in bread wheat.Crop Res., 18 (2): 126-135.
Shoran, J., Lakshmi Kant and Singh, R.P. (2003).Winter and spring wheat: an analysis of combining ability. Cereal Research Communications, 31 (3/4): 347-354.
Siddique, M., Ali, S., Malik, M.F.A. and Awan, S.I. (2011). Combining ability estimates for yield and yield compo-nents in spring wheat. Sarhad J. Agri., 20 (4): 485-487.
Siddique, M., Shafiq., Wani, A. and Zargar, G.H. (2004). Combining ability for harvest index and its components in bread wheat . Crop Research.,4 (2): 268 –271.
Skovmand, B. and Reynolds, M.P. (2000). Increasing yield potential for marginal areas by exploring genetic re-sources collections. The Eleventh Regional Wheat Workshop for Eastern, Central and Southern Africa, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 18-22 September: 67-77.
Sprague, G.F. and Tatum, L.A. (1942).General vs. specific combining ability in single crosses of corn. J. Amer. Soc. Agron., 34: 923-932.
Thakre, J.M., Vitkare, D.G., Godbole, A.K., Atale, S.B. (1996). Line × tester analysis in wheat for yield and its traits. Annals of Plant Physiology, 10(1): 99-102.
Tahmasebi, S., Khodambashi, M. and Rezai, A. (2011.) Esti-mation of genetic parameters for grain yield and related traits in wheat using diallel analysis under optimum and moisture stress conditions. J. Sci. Tech. Agril. Nat. Reso., 11 (1):229-241.
Citation Format
How to Cite
Kumar, A., Harshwardhan, H., Kumar, A., & Prasad, B. (2015). Combining ability and gene interaction study for yield, its attributing traits and quality in common wheat. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 7(2), 927-934. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v7i2.709
More Citation Formats:
Research Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>