Sheikh Mohammad Sultan Nilamani Dikshit Umesh J. Vaidya


Soybean (Glycine max), a multipurpose crop with much appreciated nutritional and functional properties, has generated a lot of interest during last few decades for improving its cultivation and characteristics. Besides having a great potential of energy-protein malnutrition eradication, it can contribute greatly to edible oil pool in the region. This study investigates some agro-morphological characters, besides seed oil content and fatty acid composition of two local soybean genotypes labeled as S/D-18 and S/D-22 grown under rainfed conditions of Kashmir Himalayas in India. The genotype S/D-22 matured earlier than that of S/D-18. Seed yield/plant of 18.5 g (S/D-18) and 20.1g (S/D-22) was recorded in these genotypes with 100-seed weight of 14.3 g and 14.7 g respectively. Seeds of genotype S/D-18 yielded an oil content of 19.54% while in genotype S/D-22 oil content of 19.74% was recorded. Fatty acids of myristic, palmitic, stearic, oleic, linoleic and linoleinic were detected and quantified in the oil extracted from the seeds of these genotypes. Saturated fatty acids constituted 11.88%(S/D-18) and 11.42%(S/D-22) while unsaturated fatty acids constituted 88.12% (S/D-18) and 88.58% (S/D-22) of the oil. The study has thus, revealed that under dry land conditions, although soybean seed yield/plant is lesser, percentage oil content and fatty acid composition essentially remained unaltered and that significant differences can occur in individual fatty acid contents between genotypes.




Evaluation, Fatty acids, Gas chromatography, Oil content, Soybean genotypes

Boerma, R. H. and Specht, J. E. (eds). (2004). Soybeans: improvement, production, and uses,3rded. Crop Science Society of America, Madison, WI, USA.
Carter, T. E., Nelson, R. L., Sneller, C. H. and Cuim, Z. (2004). Genetic diversity in soybean. In:R. H. Boerma and J. E. Specht (eds)Soybeans: Improvement, Production and Uses.3rd ed.Crop Science Society of America, Madison, WI, USA,pp.303–416.
Cheng, K. C., Beaulieu, J., Iquira, E., Belzile, F. J., Fortin, M. G. and Strömvik, M. V. (2008). Effect of transgenes on global gene expression in soybean is within natural range of variation of conventional cultivars. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry, 56: 3057–067.
Daun, J. K.. (1998). Modified Fatty Acid Profiles in Canadian Oilseeds. Journal of Japanese Oil Chemists Society, 17:233-238.
EN ISO 5509 (2000): Animal and vegetable fats and oils – Preparation of methyl esters of fatty acids. European Committee for Standardization, Brussels.
FAO (2014).UN Food & Agriculture Organization. (http://faostat.fao.org/site/ 339/default.aspx)
Greenberg, P. and Hartung, H. N. (1998). The whole soy cookbook: 175 delicious, nutritious, easy-toprepare recipes featuring tofu, tempeh, and various forms of nature’s healthiest bean. Three Rivers Press, New York.
Hou, G., Ablett, G. R., Pauls, K. P. and Rajcan, I. (2006). Environmental effects on fatty acid levels in soybean oil. Journal of American Oil Chemists Society,83:759-763.
Kihara, H.(1969). History of biology and other sciences in Japan in retrospect. Proceedings of XII International Congress of Genetics,3:49–70.
Lee Jeong-Dong, Bilyeu, K. D. and Shannon, J. G. (2007).Genetics and Breeding for Modified Fatty Acid Profile in Soybean Seed Oil.Journal of Crop Science and Biotechnology,10(4): 201-210.
Lee, S. J., Kim, J. J., Moon, H. I., Ahn, J. K., Chun, S.C. and Jung, W. S (2008). Analysis of isoflavones and phenolic compounds in Korean soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] seeds of different seed weights. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry, 56: 2751– 2758.
Lersten, N. R. and Carlson J. B. (2004). Vegetative morphology. In:R. H. Boerma and J. E. Specht (eds) Soybeans: Improvement, Production and Uses.3rd ed. Crop Science Society of America, Madison, WI, USA, pp. 15-57.
Matthaus, B. and Ozcan, M. M. (2014). Fatty acid and tocopherol contents of several soybean oils. Natural Product Research, 28 (8): 589–592.
Mohammadi, K. (2015). Grain oil and fatty acids composition of soybean affected by nano-iron chelate, chemical fertilizers and farmyard manure. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, 61(11): 1593-1600.
Myaka, F. A., Kirenga, G. and Malema, B.(eds). (2005). Proceedings of the First National Soybean Stakeholders Workshop, 10–11 November 2005, Morogoro,Tanzania.
Neff, W. E. and List, G. R. (1999). Oxidative stability of natural and randomized high-palmitic andhigh-stearic acid oils from genetically modified soybean varieties. Journal of American Oil Chemists Society,76:825-831.
Oya, T., Nepomuceno, A. L., Numaier, N., Farias, J. R. B.,Tobita, S. and Ito, S. (2004). Drought tolerance characteristics of Brazilian cultivars – evaluation and characterization of drought tolerance of various Brazilian soybean cultivars in the field. Plant Production Science, 7:129–137.
Pathan, S. M.,Lee, J-D,Sleper, D. A.,Fritschi, F. B., Sharp, R. E.,Carter Jr, T. E.,Nelson, R. L., King, C. A.,Schapaugh, W. T.,Ellersieck, M. R., Nguyen, H. T. and Shannon, J. G. (2014).Two Soybean Plant Introductions Display Slow Leaf Wilting and Reduced Yield Loss under Drought. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science,200: 231–236.
Purcell, L. C. and Specht, J. E. (2004). Physiological traits for ameliorating drought stress. In: R. H. Boerma and J. E. Specht (eds) Soybeans: Improvement, Production and Uses.3rded. Crop Science Society of America, Madison, WI, USA, pp. 520-569.
Robertson, J.A. and Morrison, W.H. (1979). Analysis of oil content of sunflower seed by wide - line NMR. Journal of American Oil Chemists Society, 56 (12): 961-964.
Rose, I. A. (1988). Effects of moisture stress on the oil and protein components of soybean seed. Australian Journal Agricultural Research,39:163-170.
Rotzler, D. P., Stamp, C-A., Betrix, E.,De Groote, J-C., Moullet, O. and Schori, A. (2009). Agronomic relevance of lanceolate leaf in soybean.Revue Suisse Agric., 41(3):153-159.
Sharma, A. N., Gupta, G. K., Verma, R. K., Sharma, O. P., Bhagat, S., Amaresan, N., Saini, M. R., Chattopadhyay, C., Sushil, S. N., Asre, R., Kapoor, K. S., Satyagopal, K. and Jeyakumar, P. (2014). Integrated Pest Management for Soybean. National Centre for Integrated Pest Management, IARI Campus, New Delhi; p 41.
Shurtleff, W. and Aoyagi, A. (eds). (2012). History of Soy Sauce (160 CE to 2012). Soyinfo Center, Lafayette, CA, USA; p. 1101.
Singh, B. B. (2006). Success of soybean in India: the early challenges and pioneer promoters. Asian Agri-History, 10(1): 43-53.
Singh, R. J. and Hymowitz, T. (1999).Soybean genetic resources and crop improvement. Genome, 42:605-616.
Specht, J. E., Hume, D. J. and Kumudini, S. V. (1999). Soybean yield potential – a genetic and physiological perspective. Crop Science 39:1560–1570.
Tavaux-Pirra, M., Sartre, P.,Nelson, R.,Santoni, S.,Texier, N. and Roumet, P. (2009). Genetic diversity in a soybean collection. Crop Science, 49:895-902.
Weselake,R. J., Taylor, D. C., Rahman, M. H., Shah, S., Laroche, A., McVetty, P. B. E. and Harwood, J. L. (2009). Soybean yield potential – a genetic and physiological perspective. Crop Science, 39:1560–1570.
Wilson, R. F. (2004). Seed composition. In:R. H. Boerma and J. E. Specht (eds) Soybeans: Improvement, Production and Uses.3rd ed. Crop Science Society of America, Madison, WI, USA, pp. 621-677.
Research Articles

How to Cite

Oil content and fatty acid composition of soybean (Glysine max L.) genotypes evaluated under rainfed conditions of Kashmir Himalayas in India. (2015). Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 7(2), 910-915. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v7i2.706