The present study on vegetative propagation of Karanja ( Pongamia pinnata L.Pierre ) through stem cuttings showed maximum sprouting (100%), rooting (90%), rooting length (28.33 cm), root number (24.66), fresh biomass (63.66 g), dry biomass (34.38 g) in semi hard wood cutting of 25 cm length treated with 1000 ppm IAA, hard wood cutting of 25 cm length treated with 800 ppm IBA, hard wood cuttings of 15 cm length treated with 1000 ppm IAA, hard wood cutting of 25 cm length treated with 2000 ppm IAA, semi hard wood cuttings of 25 cm length treated with 200 ppm IBA, and hard wood cutting of 25 cm length treated with 1000 ppm IAA, respectively. It showed that hard wood cuttings of 25 cm length treated with IBA promotes better sprouting, rooting percent, root number and biomass than IAA. For production of healthy seedlings the semi hard wood cutting of 25 cm length should be treated with 200 ppm IBA.
Cuttings, IAA, IBA, Pongamia pinnata
Brijesh, S., Daswani, P.G., Tetali, P., Rojatkar, S.R., Anita, N.H. and Birdi, T.J. (2006). Studies on Pongamia pin-nata (L.) Pierre leaves: understanding the mechanism(s) of action in infectious diarrhea. Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B, 7: 665-74.
Chandramouli, H. (2001). Influence of growth regulators on the rooting of different types of cuttings in Bursera penicilliatai (DC) Engl. M.Sc. ( Agril )Thesis, Univ. Agric. Sci. Bangalore.
Chaturvedi, M.D. (1975). The common Karanja. Indian Farming, 7(2): 8- 9.
CSIR. (1966). The Wealth of India: raw materials. Vol. 1-10. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), New Delhi, India 1948-98.
Davies, F.T. (1984).Shoot RNA, cambial activity and Indole butyric acid effectivity in seasonal rooting of juvenile and mature Ficus pumila cuttings.Physiol.Plant., 62:571-575.
Davies, F.T., Lazarate, J.E., and Joiner, J.N. (1982).Initiation and development of roots in juvenile and mature leaf bud cuttings of Ficus pumila L.Am.J.Bot., 69: 804-811.
Debnath, G.C. and Maiti, S.C. (1990). Effect of the growth regulators on rooting of softwood cuttings of guava (Psidium guajava L.) under mist. Haryana .J. Hort. Sci., 19 : 79-85.
De Klerk, G.,Terbrugge,J.Maronova,S. (1997). Effectiveness of IAA,IBA and NAA during adventitious roots forma-tion in vitro in ,alus ‘Jork 9’.Plant cell Tissue organ culture, 49 : 39-44.
Epstein, E., Ludwig-Muller, J. (1993). Indole-3-butyric acid in plants occurance, synthesis, metabolism and trans-port. Physiol. Plant, 88 : 382-389.
Ghatnatti, S.A. (1997). Studies on propagation of Durantha plumeri Jacq. Var Goldiana by stem cuttings with growth regulators under mist. M.Sc.(Agri.) Thesis, Univ. Agric. Sci., Dharwad (India).
Gomez, K.A. and Gomez, A.A. (1984). Statistical proce-dures for Agriculture Research (2nd edn.) John Willey and Sons, Inc., New York. 68 p.
Hartmann, H. T., Kester, D. E., Davies, F. T., Geneve, R.L. (2002). Hartmann and Kester’s Plant Propagation: Prin-ciples and practices .7th ed. Prentice Hall, Upper saddle River, pp 298-342
Haissig, B.E. (1984).Carbohydrate accumulation and parti-tioning in Pinus banksiana seedlings and seedling cut-tings. Physiologia plantarum, 61:13-19.
Hewamanna, R., Anuraadhai, N. and Fernando, R.K.S. (2004). Analysis of five trace elements in medicinal plants used in Ayurvedic medicine to control diabetes. Journal of Tropical medicinal plants, 5 (2): 211-215.
Kesari,V., A. Das, and L. Rangan (2008). Physico-chemical characterization and antimicrobial activity from seed oil of Pongamia pinnata, a potential biofuel crop. Biomass and Bioenergy, 34 (1):108.
Krisantini,S., Johnston, M.,Williams, R.R., Beveridge, L.(2006). Adventitious root formation in Grevillea ( Pro-teaceae) an Australian native species. Sci Hortic., 107:171-175.
Mandal, L. and Banarjee, G.C. (1982). Studies on the utiliza-tion of Karanja (Pongamia glabra Vent.) cake in polu-tary rations effects on growers and in blood composition and organ weights of Cockerels. Indian Veterinary Journal, 59 (5) :385-390.
Mullins, M.G. (1972). Auxin and ethylene in adventitious root formation in Phaseolus aureus (Roxb.)In: Carr DJ ed. Plant growth substances Springer, New York. pp 526-533.
Nanda, K. K., Purohit, A.N. and Mehrotra, K. (1968). Effect of sucrose, auxins and gibberellic acid on rooting of stem segments of Poplus nigra under verifying light condition. Plant and Cell Physiology, 9:735-743.
Negi, K.S. and Tiwari, C.K.(1984).Vegetative propagation in cuttings of Pongamia pinnata L.Pierre by auxin Reg.For.Res.Centre. Jabalpur. 110 (7):655-659.
Palanisamy, K. and Kumar, P. (1997). Seasonal variation on Adventitious rooting in branch cuttings of Pongamia pinnata (Pierre). Indian Forestor, 122(3):236-239.
Rahman, A.H.M.M. (1977). Vegetative propagation of few Forest species. Bano Vigyan Patrika, 6 (1) : 51-57.
Rajarama, H.A. (1997). Studies on propagation of Pome-granate (Punica granatum L.) by cuttings. M.Sc. (Agri.) Thesis, Univ. Agric. Sci., Dharwad.
Sahoo, P. K., Behera, L.K. and Nayak, S. (2014). Vegetative propagation of Physic nut (Jatopha curcas L.) through stem cuttings. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 6 (2):467-472.
Shagoo, P., Beigh, M. A., Lone, R.A. and Nanda, A.B. (2007). Effect of plant growth regulators on rooting of Barbados cherry. Asian Journal of Horticulture, 2(1):152-154.
Smith, N.G. and Wareing, P.E. (1972). The rooting of ac-tively growing and dormant leafy cuttings in relation to endogenous hormone levels and photoperiod. New Phyto., 71:483-500.
Strydom, D.K., Hartmann, H.T. (1960). Absorption, Distri-bution, and Destruction of Indole acetic Acid in Plum Stem Cuttings. Plant Physiol., 35 (4) : 435–442.
Troup, R.S. (1921). The silviculture of Indian trees. Claren-don Press, Oxford, UK.
Waisel,Y. and Fahn,A.(1965).The effect of environment on wood formation and cambial activity on Robinia pseu-dacacia L. New Phytol., 64:346-442.
Wareing,P.F. and Roberts, D.L. (1956). Photoperiodic con-trol of cambial activity in Robinia pseudacacia. New Phytol., 55 : 356-366.
Wright, R.C.M. (1975). The complete hand book of Plant Propagation .Macmillan, New York.
Zerhoune, M. (2003). Propagation of Five Fig (Ficus Carica L.) varieties under field conditions. Acta Horticulturae, 605:103-106.
Zhang, M., Wang, D., Ren, S., Fan, L. and Lia, R. (2010). Effects of Feijoa diameter on seedling quality. Agril. Journal, 5(5) : 139-141.
This work is licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) © Author (s)