Ajay Verma Ravish Chatrath Indu Sharma


The highly significant environments, genotypes and G×E interaction observed by AMMI analysis of 17 wheat genotypes evaluated at 8 locations in the central zone of the country. Environments(E), genotypes -environment interaction(GE) and genotypes explained 68.8%, 17.6% and 3.2% of the total sum of squares respectively. First four interaction principal components accounted 33.7%, 30.2%, 14.6% and 12.6% of the G×E interaction variation, respectively. The highest positive IPCA1 score of genotype G8 followed by G11 and G10 supported by yield higher than the grand mean 21.8q/ha. Environments E4 (Jabalpur) and E8 (Partapgarh) recorded maximum yield 32.6q/ha and 28.4q/ha while lowest yield was realized in E1 (Arnej). GGE biplot analysis under polygon view indicated that G13 was better in E6 (Sagar), whereas G1 was better in E7 (Bilaspur) and E8 (Partapgarh). The genotype G1, at the centre of concentric circles, was the ideal genotype in terms of yield performance as compared to the other genotypes. In addition, G15 and G12, located on the next consecutive concentric circle, may be regarded as desirable genotypes.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...




AMMI model, AMMI stability value, GGE biplot, Stability index

Becker, H.C., and Léon, J. (1988). Stability analysis in plant breeding. Plant Breeding 101:1-23.
Bose, L.K., Jambhulkar, N.N., Pande, K. and Singh, O.N.(2014). Use of AMMI and other stability statistics in the simultaneous selection of rice genotypes for yield and stability under direct-seeded conditions. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research 74(1):3-9.
Crossa, J., Gauch, H.G. and Zobel, R.W. (1990). Additive main effects and multiplicative interactions analysis of two international maize cultivar trials. Crop Science 30:493-500.
Farshadfar, E., and Sutka, J. (2006). Biplot analysis of genotype environment interaction in durum wheat using the AMMI model. Acta Agronomica Hungarica 54:459-467.
Farshadfar, E., Mohammadi, R., Aghaee, M., Vaisi, Z.(2012). GGE biplot analysis of genotype × environment interaction in wheat-barley disomic addition lines Australian Journal of Crop Science 6(6):1074-1079.
Freeman, G.H. (1990). Modern statistical methods for analyzing genotype–environment interactions. pp. 118 -125. In M.S. Kang (ed.) Genotype × environment interaction and plant breeding. Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA.
Gauch, H.G. (1992). Statistical analysis of regional yield trials: AMMI analysis of factorial designs. Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Gauch, H.G. and Zobel, R.W. (1996). AMMI analyses of yield trials. pp. 85-122. In Kang, M.S., and H.G. Gauch (eds.) Genotype by environment interaction. CRC, Boca Raton, Florida, USA.
Gauch, H.G., Piepho, H.P. and Annicchiarico, P .(2008). Statistical analysis of yield trials by AMMI and GGE : Further considerations. Crop Science 48:866–889.
Lin, C.S., and Binns, M.R. (1994). Concepts and methods for analyzing regional trial data for cultivar and location selection. Plant Breeding Review 12:271-297.
Lin, C.S., Binns, M.R, and Lefkovitch, L.P. (1986). Stability analysis: Where do we stand? Crop Science 26:894-900.
Mohammadi, R., Davood, S.E., Mohammad, A. and Ahmed, A. (2011). Evaluation of durum wheat experimental lines under different climate and water regime conditions of Iran. Crop and Pasture Science 62:137-151.
Mohammadi, R. and Amri, A. (2008). Comparison of paramet-ric and non-parametric methods for selecting stable and adapted durum wheat genotypes in variable environments. Euphytica 159:419- 432.
Mohammadi, R., Mozaffar, R.M., Yousef, A., Mostafa, A. and Amri, A. (2010). Relationships of phenotypic stability measures for genotypes of three cereal crops. Canadian Journal Plant Science 90:819-830.
Najafian, G., Kaffashi, A.K. and Jafar-Nezhad, A. (2010). Analysis of grain yield stability in hexaploid wheat genotypes grown in temperate regions of Iran using additive main effects and multiplicative interaction. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 12:213-222.
Purchase, J.L., Hatting H., and van Deventer, C.S. (2000a). Genotype × environment interaction of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in South Africa: . AMMI analysis of yield performance. South African Journal of Plant and Soil 17:95-100.
Purchase, J.L., Hatting H., and van Deventer, C.S. (2000b). Genotype × environment interaction of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in South Africa: ?. Stability analysis of yield performance. South African Journal of Plant and Soil 17:101-107.
Yan, W. and Kang, M.S. (2003). GGE biplot analysis: A graphical tool for breeders, geneticists, and agronomists. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.
Yan, W., Tinker, N.A. (2005). An integrated system of biplot analysis for displaying, interpreting, and exploring genotype by environment interactions. Crop Science 45: 1004-1016.
Yan, W. and Hunt, L.A. (2001). Interpretation of genotype environment interaction for winter wheat yield in On-tario. Crop Science 41:19-25.
Zali, H., Farshadfar E., and Sabaghpour, S.H. (2011). Non -parametric analysis of phenotypic stability in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) genotypes in Iran. Crop Breeding Journal 1:89-100.
Citation Format
How to Cite
Verma, A., Chatrath, R., & Sharma, I. (2015). AMMI and GGE biplots for G×E analysis of wheat genotypes under rain fed conditions in central zone of India. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 7(2), 656–661. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v7i2.662
More Citation Formats:
Research Articles