N. Pandiarana Shende Varun Durwas Tania Seth Soumitra Chatterjee Subrata Dutta Arup Chattopadhyay


Development of hybrids tolerant to leaf curl virus disease along with good post harvest/processing traits is the major thrust areas in tomato breeding now-a-days. A study was undertaken following 7 × 7 half diallel mating design utilizing four exotic and three indigenous lines to identify potential donors and crosses, to study the extent of heterobeltiosis and dominance behaviour, and to assess the genetic control of post harvest quality traits along with disease tolerance in tomato. Breeding strategies to improve characters governed by different types of gene action are discussed. Two parental lines, CLN 2777F and CLN 2777E could be utilized further in tomato breeding programme as they were identified as the most promising general combiners for fruit yield, processing quality and ToLCV tolerance. The maximum extent of heterobeltiosis (104.17%) was found in pericarp thickness followed by fruit yield plant-1 (63.57 %) and PDI of ToLCV disease (-60.00 %). The hybrids also exhibited various degrees of dominance effects. The study could also able to identify a promising cross ‘CLN 2777E × CLN 2777F’ which could be recommended for commercial exploitation after critical study in leaf curl disease prone areas of the tropics and sub-tropics.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...




Combining ability, Heterobeltiosis, ToLCV tolerance, Tomato, Post harvest quality

Adsule, P.G., Dan, A. and Tikko, S.K. (1980). Studies on the evaluation of tomato cultivars for making juice. Indian Food Packer, 34: 18-20.
Baker, R.J. (1978). Issues in diallel analysis. Crop Science, 18:533-536.
Banerjee, M.K. and Kalloo, G. (1987). Sources and inheritance of resistance to leaf curl virus in Lycopersicon. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 73: 707-710.
Chattopadhyay, Arup, Chakraborty, Ivi and Siddique, Wasim (2013). Characterization of determinate tomato hybrids: Search for better processing qualities. Journal of Food Processing and Technology, 4: 222. doi:10.4172/2157 -7110.1000222.
Chattopadhyay, Arup, Dutta, Subrata, Dutta, Priyanka and Hazra, Pranab (2011). Studies on heterobeltiosis, combining ability and gene action in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum). International Journal of Plant Breeding, 5 (2): 88-93.
Chattopadhyay, A., Dutta, S., Bhattacharya, I., Karmakar, K. And Hazra, P. (2007). Technology for Vegetable Crop Production. Published by All Indian Coordinated Research Project on Vegetable Crops, Directorate of Research, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Kalyani: 741235, Nadia, West Bengal India, P.226.
Dharmatti, P.R, Patil, R.V. and Bhagvanthgoudar, M.H. (2004). Development of ToLCV resistant hybrids in tomato. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 17 (4): 769-774.
Farzane, A., Nemati, H., Arouiee, H., Kakhki, A.M. and Vahdati, N. (2012). The estimate of combining ability and heterosis for yield and yield components in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.). Journal of Biology and Environmental Science, 6 (17): 129-134.
Griffing, B. (1956). Concept of general and specific combining ability in relation to diallel crossing system. Australian Journal of Biological Sciences, 90: 463-492.
Hannan, M.M., Ahmed, M.B., Razvy, M.A., Karim, R., Khatun, M., Haydar, A., Hossain, M. and Roy, U.K. (2007). Heterosis and correlation of yield and yield components in tomato (Lycopersicon esulentum Mill.). American Eurasian Journal of Scientific Research, 2 (2): 146-150.
Hazra, P. and Nath, S. (2008). Source of resistance in tomato and inheritance of host resistance for tomato leaf curl virus disease. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 78: 690-694.
Hutton, S.F., Scott, J.W. and Schuster, D.J. (2012). Recessive resistance to tomato yellow leaf curl virus from the tomato cultivar Tyking is located in the same region as Ty-5 on Chromosome 4. Hortscience, 47: 324-327.
Izge, A.U. and Garba, Y.M. (2012). Combining ability for fruit worm resistance in some commercially grown tomatoes in Lake Alau near Maiduguri and Hong in Adamawa state, Nigeria. Journal of Environmental Issues and Agriculture in Developing Countries, 4 (1): 38-44.
Jensen, N.F. (1970) A diallel selective mating system for cereal breeding. Crop Science, 10: 629-635.
Ji, Y., Schuster, D.J and Scott, J.W. (2007). Ty-3, a begomovirus resistance locus near the tomato yellow leaf curl virus resistance locus Ty-1 on chromosome 6 of tomato. Molecular Breeding, 20: 271-284.
Ji, Y., Scott, J.W., Schuster, D.J. and Maxwell, D.P. (2009). Molecular mapping of Ty-4, a new tomato yellow leaf curl virus resistance locus on chromosome 3 of Tomato. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 134: 281-288.
Kalloo, G. and Banerjee, M.K. (2000). H-24: Moderately leaf curl resistant variety of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.). Vegetable Science, 27: 117-120.
Kumar, R., Mishra, N.K., Singh, J., Rai, G., Verma, A. and Rai, M. (2006). Studies on yield and quality traits in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum (Mill.) Wettsd.). Vegetable Science, 33 (2):126-132.
Kumar, R., Srivastava, K., Singh, N.P., Vasistha, N.K., Singh, R.K and Singh, M.K. (2013). Combining ability analysis for yield and quality traits in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.). Journal of Agricultural Science, 5 (2): 213-218.
Mondal, C., Sarkar, S. and Hazra, P. (2009). Line x Tester analysis of combining ability in tomato (L. esculentum Mill.). Journal of Crop and Weed, 5 (1): 53-57.
Ranganna, S. (1986). Manual Analysis of Fruits and Vegetable Products. Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Ltd, New Delhi.
Redden, R.J. and Jensen, N.F. (1974) Mass selection and mating system in cereals. Crop Science, 14: 345-350.
Rick, C.M., Baughn, C.G. and Hall, B.J. (1956). Three new hybrid tomatoes. California Agriculture, 10: 4-5.
Sajjan, M.N. (2001). Heterosis, combining ability, RAPD analysis and resistance breeding for leaf curl virus and wilt in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.). M.Sc. (Agri.) Thesis submitted to University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharward, India.
Salimath, P.M. and Bahl, P.N. (1985) Heterosis and combining ability for earliness in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L). Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding, 45: 97-100.
Sekhar, L., Prakash, B.G., Salimath, P.M., Channayya, Hiremath, P., Sridevi, O. and Patil, A.A. (2010). Implications of heterosis and combining ability among productive single cross hybrids in tomato. Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding, 1 (4): 706-711.
Shende, V.D., Seth, T., Mukherjee, S. and Chattopadhyay, A. (2012). Breeding tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) for higher productivity and better processing qualities. SABRAO Journal of Breeding and Genetics, 44 (2): 302-321.
Sherpa, Pemba, Seth, Tania, Shende, Varun Durwas, Padiarana,N,Mukherjee,Subhra and Chattopadhya, Arup (2014). Heterosis, dominance estimates and genetic control of yield and post harvest quality traits of tomato. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 6 (2): 625 – 632.
Singh, A. Gautam, J.P.S., Upadhyay, M. and Joshi, A. (2005). Heterosis for yield and quality characters in tomato. Crop Science, 29 (2): 285-287.
Singh, R. K., Rai, N., Singh, Major, Singh, S. N. and Srivastava, K. (2014). Genetic analysis to identify good combiners for ToLCV resistance and yield components in tomato using interspecific hybridization. Journal of Genetics, 93: 623–629.
Smith, H.H. (1952) Fixing transgressive vigour in Nicotiana rustica. In: Heterosis. Iowa State College Press, Ames, IA, USA.
Solieman, T.H., El-Gabry, M.A.H., Abido, A.I. (2013) Heterosis, potence ratio and correlation of some important characters in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.). Scientia Horticulturae, 150: 25–30.
Citation Format
How to Cite
Pandiarana, N., Durwas, S. V., Seth, T., Chatterjee, S., Dutta, S., & Chattopadhyay, A. (2015). Enhancement of post harvest fruit quality and leaf curl disease tolerance in tomato through hybrid breeding. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 7(2), 606-615. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v7i2.653
More Citation Formats:
Research Articles