The environmental stress such as salinity of soil or water is serious threat for field crops in the world, especially in arid and semiarid regions. To study salinity stress on jute (Corchorus capsularis), an experiment was laid out in factorial randomized block design keeping nine capsularis varieties (JRC-698, JRC-321, JRC-517, JRC-7447, JBC-5, JRC-212, JRC-80, JRC-532 and UPC-94) as one factor and four levels of salt concentrations i.e. control (Distilled H2O), 100, 160, 240 and 300 mM NaCl with three replications. Adverse effect of salinity increased with increasing concentration of sodium chloride. Among nine jute varieties the highest germination percentage (89.5%), root length (0.6 cm), shoot length (1.2 cm), fresh weight (93 mg) and dry weight (9.5 mg) of seedling were observed in ‘JRC-698’ at salt concentration at 160 mM NaCl as compared with other salt concentration. All growth parameters were recorded higher in control than other treatments. All growth parameters were decreased up to 240 mM NaCl concentration and it was completely inhibited at 300 mM NaCl. Variety ‘UPC-94’ was the most susceptible to salinity stress. Hence, white jute varieties, JRC-698 and JRC-517 can be grown at 160 mM NaCl concentration.
Corchorus capsularis, Germination percentage, Salinity stress, Salt tolerance index (STI)
Almansouri, M., Kinet, J.M. and Lutts. S. (2001). Effect of salt and osmatic stress on germination in durum wheat (Triticum aestivam). Plant Soil, (230):243-254.
Anonymous (2010). Agriculture at nature’s mercy. Info change News and Feature, July 2010.(http://infochangeindia.org/index2.php?option=com_content& do_pdf=1&id=8397.
Bohnert, H.J., Nelson, D. and Jensen, R.G. (1995). Adoptions to environmental stresses. Plant Cell, (7): 1099-1111.
FAO (2005). Global network on integrated soil management for sustainable use of salt affected soils, Rome, Italy. FAO Land and Plant Nutrition Management Service.
Fitter, A.H. and Hay, R.K.M. (1987). Environmental physiology of plants. 2nd Edition Academic press. Landon.
Hongyu M., Ruifang, Y., Zhankui,W., Tian,Y., Yuying, J., Hanyan, G., Xiansheng. W. and Hao,M. (2011). Screening of salinity tolerant jute (Corchorus capsularis and Corchorus olitorius) genotypes via phenotypic and physiology-assisted procedures. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 43(6): 2655-2660.
Islam, S., Azam, M.S., Sazia, S., Abu, A.S., Maksudul, A., Shamim, R., Ahmed, R. and. Khan, H. (2013). Improved salt tolerance of jute plants expressing the kat E gene from Escherichia coli. Turkish Journal of Biology, 37: 206-211.
Kagan, K., Tolga, K., Adil, B. and Mevlut, A. (2010). Determination of salinity tolerance of some lentil (Lens culinaris M.) varieties. Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment, 8 (1):140-143.
Ma, H.Y., Wang, R.J., Wang, X.S. and Ma, H. (2009). Identification and evaluation of salt tolerance of jute germplasm during germination and seedling periods. Journal of plant genetic resources, 10(2):236-243.
Maji, B., Sahu, N.C., Das, I., Saha, S., Sarkar, S. and Saha, S. (2012). Soil fertility and management for productivity enhancement of jute undersome constrained acidic soils of West Bengal. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 82 (4): 345-50.
Munns, R. (2005). Genes and salt tolerance: bringing them together. New Phytologist, 167: 645-663.
Munns, R. and Tester, M. (2008). Mechanisms of salinity tolerance. Annual Review of Plant Biology, 59: 651-681.
Pieper, A. (1952). Das saatgut. V.P. Darey Berlin, Hamburg.
Sarkar, S. (2008). Good practices for jute and allied fibre crops. In: Souvenir, International Symposium on jute and allied fibre Production, Utilization and Marketing, pp 1-3. Organized by Indian Fibre Society (Eastern Region). Kolkata, 9-12 January.
Seghatoleslami, M.J. (2010). Effect of salinity on germina-tion of satureja hortensis L., Cichorium intybus L., and Cynara scolymus L., Iranian Journal of Agricultural Research, 8(5): 818-823.
Wang, M.C., Peng, Z.Y., Li, C.L., Li, F., Liu, C. and Xia, G.M. (2008). Proteomic analysis on a high salt toler-ance introgression strain of Triticum aestivum / Thinopyrumponticum. Proteomics, 8:1479-1489.
Younis, M.E., Hasaneen, M.N.A., Ahmed, A.R and El-Bialy, D.M.A, (2008). Plant growth, metabolisim and adoption in relation to strees condition. XXI. Reversal of harmful NaCl effects in lettuce plants by foliar application with urea. Australian Journal of Crop Science, 2(2): 83-95.
This work is licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) © Author (s)