K. Roy George N. A. Malini D. Rajasree


Hematological parameters have been recognized as valuable tools for monitoring fish health. The aim of the present study was to obtain a basic knowledge of the hematological responses of different groups of fresh water teleosts during acclimation period. Haematological analysis was carried out in three different groups of teleosts namely Group I: Heteropneustes fossilis and Clarias gariepinus (Siluriformes), Group II: Anabas testudineus and Channa striatus (Perciformes), Group III: Labeo rohita and Cyprinus carpio (Cypriniformes). In all groups of teleosts, RBC and Hb were significantly (p<0.05) decreased after 7 days of captivity in response to stress factors raised in capture, handling and sampling procedure. WBC was found to be significantly (p<0.05) increased in group I (Siluriformes), group II (Perciformes) and group III (Cypriniformes) of teleosts after 7 days of captivity due to enhanced production of leucocytes in the hematopoietic tissue of the kidney and the spleen. RBC count and WBC count were found to be higher in H. fossilis and C. gariepinus than other groups of teleosts due to their active predacious nature. Hb values were high in 2nd group (Perciformes) consisting of A. testudineus and C. striatus by virtue of their possessions of accessory respiratory organs. PCV, MCV and MCHC were significantly (p<0.05) increased in three groups of teleosts during acclimation and values were high in second group of consisting of A. testudineus and C. striatus. MCH was higher in 3rd group of fishes consisting of L. rohita and C. carpio.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...




Acclimation, Captivity, Haematology, Haematocrit, Haemoglobin, Teleost fish

Akinrotimi, O.A., Abu Omg., Ansa, E.J., Edun, O.M. and George O.S. (2009). Hematological responses of Tilapia guineensis to acute stress. Interl J of Natl and Appl Sci, 5 (4): 338-343.
Banerjee, V. (1957). Morphology and coagulation time of blood cell on Heteropneustes fossilis (Bloch). Curr Sci, 26 -59
Blaxhall, P.C. and Daisley, K.W. (1973). Routine haematological methods for use with fish blood. J. Fish Biol, 5: 771 – 781.
Das B.C. (1965). Age-related trends in the blood chemistry and haematology of the Indian carp (Catla catla). Gerontologia, 10: 47 – 64.
Douglass J.W. and Jane K.W. (2010). Schalm s Veterinary Hematology. John Wiley and Sons (eds.), Blackwell Publishing Ltd. pp.1232
Gabriel, U.U., Anyanwu, P.E. and Akinrotimi AO. (2007a). Blood characteristics associated with confinement stress in black chin tilapia. Sarotherodon melanotheron. J Fish Intl, 2(2): 186-189.
Gardner, G.R. and Yevich, P.P. (1970). Histological and haematological response of an estuarine teleost to cadmium. J of Fisheries Res Board of Canada, 27:2185-2196.
Goel, K.A., Mishra, B.P., Gupta, K. and Wadhwa, S. (1984). A comparative haematological study of a few freshwater teleosts. Ind J fish,3: 108-112.
Graham, J.B. (1997). Air–breathing Fishes: Evolution, diversity, and adaptation. Academic Press,San Diego.
Graham, M.S., Haedrich, R.L. and Fletcher, G.L. (1985). Hematology of three deep-sea fishes: A refection of low metabolic rates. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. A, New York, v. 80, p. 79-84.
Hattingh, J. and Van Pletzen, A.J.J. (1974). The influence of capture and transportation on some blood parameter of freshwater fish. Comp. Brochem physcol, 49a: 607–609.
Hrubec, T.C., Smith, S.A. and Robertson, J.L. (2001). Age related in haematology and chemistry values of hybrid striped bass chrysops Morone saxatilis. Vet. Clin. Pathol, 30 (1), 8–15.
Kandeepan, C. (2014). Heamatological and biochemic parameters on few fresh water south indian Teleosts. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci, 3(9) 1015-1022
Larsson A., Johansson –Sjobeck, M.L. and Fange, R. (1976). Comparative study of some haematological and biochemical blood parameters in fishes from Skagerrak. Fish. Biol,9: 425-440
Omoregie, E. (1995). Changes in the haematology of the Nile Tilapia Orochronis niloticus under the effect of crude oil. Hydrobio., 40(4): 287-292.
Pandey, B.N., Pajjdey, P.K., Choubey, B.J. and Dattamunshl, J.S. (1976). Studies on blood components of an air breathing siluroid fish Heteropneustes fossilis in relation to body size. Folia Haematol. 103, 101-116.
Pickering, A.D. (1986). Changes in the blood cell composition of the brown trout, salmo trutta during the spawning season. Journal of Fish Biology,29:335 -347
Puisford, A.L., Lemaire-gong, S., Tomlinson, M., Coiling wood, N. and Glynn, P.J. (1994). Effects of acute stress on the immune system of the Dab, Limanda. Comp. Biochem Physi, 109:129-139.
Rehulka, J. and Adamec, V. (2004). Red blood cell indice for Rainbow trout (Onchorhynchus mykiss) reared in cage and raceway culture. Acta Veterinaria BRNO, 73:105-114
Sampath, K., Velanimial, S., Kennedy, L.J. and James R. (1993). Haernatoiogical changes and their recovery in Oreochronzis mossanibicus as a function of exposure period and sub lelthal levels of Ekalus. Acta Hydrobiol, 35:73-83.
Starmach, J. (1970). The number of erythrocytes in blood of Cottus poecilopus Heckel AND Cottis gobio L. Acta Biol. Cracon. Ser. Zool. 13, 243-249.
Verma, S.R., Santa R. and Dalela, R.C. (1982). Indicators of stress induced by pesticides in Mystus vittatus Haematological Parames. Ind . J. Envron. Hith, 24 (1) 58 -64
Vosylien´e, M.Z. (1999). The effect of heavy metals on haematological indices of fish. Acta Zool. Litvanica Hydrobiol. 9 (2): 76–82.
Weber, R.E. and Wells, R.M.G. (1989). Hemoglobin structure and Function. In: Comparative Pulmonary Physiology: 279–310 (S.C. Wood, Ed.). Marcel Dekker, New York.
Wells R.M.G., Baldwins J., Seymour, R.S., Christian, K. and Brittain, T. (2005). Red blood cell function and haematology in two tropical freshwater fishes from Australia. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. A, New York, v. 141, p. 87-93.
Wintrobe, M..M. (1978). Clinical Haematology. H. Kimpton press London, UK. pp. 488.
Citation Format
How to Cite
George, K. R., Malini, N. A., & Rajasree, D. (2015). Effects of acclimation on the haematological indices of different groups of fresh water teleosts. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 7(1), 5-9. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v7i1.555
More Citation Formats:
Research Articles