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Noor S. Naji Yazi Abdullah Jassim Lilian Qasim Alwan Al-Budairi Zainab Mohammed Abass

Abstract

Soil bacteria have an effective role in dissolving soil potassium. Bacillus mucilaginosus plays an effective role in dissolving potassium in the soil so that the plant may absorb it easily. The present study aimed to test the efficiency of bacteria in dissolving potassium present in the soil surrounding the roots of crops. B. mucilaginosus was isolated and diagnosed from the rhizosphere soil of Celery, Wheat, Basil and Alfalfa plants. The diagnosis included studying the isolates' culture, microscopic and biochemical characteristics. The laboratory study also included testing the efficiency of these bacterial isolates in dissolving potassium compounds in Modified Aleksandrov agar medium and estimating the dissolution coefficient. The results of isolation and identification of bacteria isolated from 19 out of 50 soil samples planted with different crops (Celery, Wheat, Basil and Alfalfa) showed that 8 isolates could dissolve potassium. The results of the microscopic examination of these eight isolates showed that they were sticky in shape, positive for Gram-staining, forming spores and the capsule, while the movement examination showed that they were positive for these tests (movement test). The biochemical tests and cultural characteristics showed that the eight isolates bear the characteristics of B. mucilaginosus. The results showed that the dissolution coefficient of potassium for the different isolates ranged between 2.28 and 1.14, while the type of sugar added to the culture medium increased the efficiency of bacterial isolates for potassium solubility. The study demonstrated the bacteria's efficiency in the rhizosphere region in dissolving potassium, which helps the plant use it easily.


 

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Keywords

Bacillus mucilaginosus, Coefficient of potassium, Modified, Aleksandrov agar, Rhizosphere

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Section
Research Articles

How to Cite

Efficiency of Bacillus mucilaginosus isolated from the soil in dissolving potassium in its microenvironment. (2024). Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 16(1), 196-201. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v16i1.4728