Assessments of avian communities’ composition in different habitats give an emphasis in monitoring environmental perspective. Depending on specific habitat functioning, their population pattern helps to determine the ecological health of an area. Bird surveys were accomplished on a fortnightly basis from October 2019 to September 2020 using Scan sampling, Point count and Line transect methods for evaluation of species abundance and richness in and around Ottu Reservoir, district Sirsa, Haryana (India). A total of 114 species comprising 91 genera, 47 families and 18 orders were recorded, among which 76 species were resident, 30 winter migrants and 8 summer migrants. Out of reported 114 species of birds, one species was vulnerable, 6 Near-threatened as listed by IUCN. Three bird species were listed under Schedule-I and the remaining species under Schedule-IV of IWPA (1972); six species under appendices of CITES (2012). Species such as Rock dove Columba livia, Lesser Whistling-duck Dendrocygna javanica and Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos with decreasing IUCN population trends were reported abundantly in the study area. Analysis of feeding guilds results revealed that Carnivores as predominated guild due to enriched food material. The presence of diverse plantation, aquatic body, serenity and agricultural fields serve the reservoir as potential habitat for residential and migratory species. Therefore, effective measures must be taken for the conservation of this area as a potential site for avian diversity.
Avian communities, Ecological health, Passeriformes, Winter migrants, Ottu reservoir
Ali, S. & Ripley. S.D. (1987). Compact handbook of the birds of India and Pakistan. Oxford University Press, New Delhi.
Altmann, J. (1974). Observational study of behavior: sampling methods. Behaviour, 49, 227-267
Arlott, N. (2015). Birds of India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Srilanka. William Collins Publishers, London.
Basu, P.S., Sao, S. & Singh, R.K. (2018). Diversity, seasonal variation, abundance and migratory behavior of local and migratory water birds of Mukutmanipur dam, Bankura, West Bengal, India. World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, 7(11), 855-869
Beresford, P., Barker, F.K., Ryan, P.G. & Crowe, T.M. (2005). African endemics span the tree of songbirds (Passeriformes): molecular systematic of several evolutionary “enigmas”. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 272, 849-858 https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2004.2997
Blair, R. B. (1999). Birds and butterflies along an urban gradient. Surrogate taxa for assessing biodiversity. Ecological Applications, 9, 164-170
Block, W.M. & Brennan, L.A. (1993). The habitat concept in ornithology: Theory and applications. Current Ornithology, 11, 35-91
Chopra, G., Tyor, A.K., Kumari, S. & Rai, D. (2012). Status and conservation of avian fauna of Sultanpur National Park Gurgaon, Haryana (India). Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 4(2), 207-213
Chopra, G. & Jakhar, P. (2016). Avian Diversity of Wetland Habitats of District Fatehabad, Haryana (India). International Journal of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, 7(9), 5185-5199
Chopra, G., Rai, D. & Jyoti. (2017). Avian diversity and their status in and around Bhindawas bird sanctuary, Haryana (India). Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 9(3), 1475- 1481 https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v9i3.1387
CITES (2012). Checklist of Conventon on Internatonal Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna & Flora. CITES, Geneva, Switzerland. Downloaded on 06 April 2021; http://www.cites.org
Desta, H.T., Bekele,A., Wagaw, S. & Admasu, S. (2020). Assessment of avifaunal assemblage and their distribution pattern across different habitat types of Gibe Sheleko National Park, South-western Ethiopia. International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation, 12(1), 59-70 https://doi.org/10.5897/IJBC2019.1380
Gaston, A.J. (1975). Methods for estimating bird population. The Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society. 69(3), 591-615
Gopal, B. & Sah, M. (1993). Conservation and management of rivers in India: case-study of the river Yamuna. Environmental Conservation, 20(3), 243–254
Goyal, V., Singh, V., Devi, P. & Malik, V. (2014). Diversity of migratory birds in Ottu Reservoir, Sirsa, Haryana, India. Journal of Experimental Zoology, India, 17(2), 507–512
Goyal, V., Singh, V. and Malik, V. (2016). Diversity indices of passerine birds of district Sirsa, Haryana, India. Journal of Environment and Bio-Science, 30(1), 117-122
Grimmett, R., Inskipp, C. & Inskipp, T. (1999). Pocket Guide to the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent. Oxford University Press, New Delhi, India, 384 pp.
Grimmett, R., & Inskipp, T. (2003). Birds of Northern India. Oxford University Press, New Delhi.
Grimmett, R. & Inskipp, T. (2019). Birds of Northern India. Christopher Helm London.
Grimmett, R., Inskipp, C. & Inskipp, T. (2015). Birds of Indian Subcontinent. 2nd Edition. Oxford University Press, India.
Gupta, R.C. & Kaushik, T.K. (2013). Rich winter migratory birds in thousands have become victim of Kurukshetra utsav in Haryana, India. International Journal of Life Science, 7(1), 6-11 https://doi.org/10.3126/ijls.v7i1.7962
Harisha, M.N. & Hosetti, B.B. (2018). Status and conservaton issues of wetland birds in Komaranahalli Lake, Davanagere District, Karnataka, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 10(2), 11290–11294 https://doi.org/10.11609/jot.2809.10.2.11290-11294
IUCN (2020). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2020-2. Downloaded from http://www.iucnre dlist.org.
IWPA (1972). https://www.wiienvis.nic.in/Database/ScheduleSpeciesDatabase_7969.aspx (update dt. 28/4/ 2014).
James, C.S., Birkhead, A.L., Jordanova, A.A., Kotschy, K.A. & Nicolson, C.R. (2001). Interaction of Reeds, Hydraulics and River Morphology, Report 856/1/01. Water Research Commission, South Africa.
Jamwal, P.S.,Chandan, P., Rattan, R., Anand,A., Kannan, P.M. & Parsons, M.H. (2017). Survey of avifauna of the Gharana wetl and reserve: implications for conservation in a semi-arid agricultural setting on the Indo-Pakistan border. BMC Zoology, 2, 7 https://doi.org/10.1186/s40850-017-0016-z
Kalsi, R.S., Sharma, S.C. & Choudhary, J.R. (2019). Birds of Haryana- A Field Guide. Unique Publications, Haryana, India.
Kumar, P. & Gupta, S.K. (2009). Diversity and Abundance of Wetland Birds around Kurukshetra, India. Our Nature, 7, 212-217 https://doi.org/10.3126/on.v7i1.2574
Kumar, P. & Gupta, S.K. (2013). Status of wetland birds of Chhilchhila Wildlife Sanctuary, Haryana, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 5(5), 3469–3976 https://doi.org/10.116 09/JoTT.o3158.3969-76
Kumar, P., Rai, D. & Gupta, S.K. (2016). Wetland bird assemblage in rural ponds of Kurukshetra, India. Waterbirds, 39(1), 86–98 https://doi.org/10.1675/063.039.0111
Kumar, P. & Sharma, A. (2018). Diversity and status of avifauna in man-made sacred ponds of Kurukshetra, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 10(9), 12173-12193 https://doi.org/10.11609/jot.3718.104.22.16873-12193
Kumar, P. & Sahu, S. (2020). Compositon, diversity and foraging guilds of avifauna in agricultural landscapes In Panipat, Haryana, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 12(1), 15140–15153 https://doi.org/10.11609/jot.5222.214.171.124 5140-15153
La Torre-Cuadros, M.A., Herrando-Perez, S. & Young, K.R. (2007). Diversity and structure patterns for tropical montane and premontane forests of central Peru, with an assessment of the use of higher-taxon surrogacy. Biodiversity and Conservation, 16, 2965-2988 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-007-9155-9
National Wetland Atlas (2011). National Wetland Atlas, SAC/EPSA/ABHG/NWIA/ATLAS/34/2011. Space Applications Centre (ISRO), Ahmedabad, India, 310pp.
Newton, L. & Anim, M. (1995). The contribution of some recent research on birds to Ecological understanding. Journal of Animal Ecology, 64, 675-696
Niemi, G.J. (1985). Patterns of morphological evolution in bird genera of New World and Old World Peatland. Ecology, 66, 1215-1228
Padmavathy, A., Alexandar, R. & Anbarashan, M. (2010). Diversity of Birds in Ousteri Wetland, Puducherry, India. Our Nature, 8, 247-253
Pawar, R.T., Pathan, T.S. & Bhosale, Y.M. (2019). Avifaunal study of Majalgaon Reservoir and their tributaries, District Beed, Marathwada region of Maharashtra, India. International Journal of Scientific Research in Biological Science, 6(4), 51-55 https://doi.org/10.26438/ijsrbs/v6i4.5 15.
Praveen, J., Jayapal, R. & Pittie, A. (2016). A checklist of the Birds of India. Indian Birds, 11(5&6), 113-172
Praveen J., Jayapal, R., Inskipp, T., Warakagoda, D., Thompson, P.M., Anderson, R.C. and Pittie, A. (2019). Checklist of the birds of the Indian subcontinent (v3.0) Website: http://www.indianbirds.in/indian-subcontinent/ [Date of publication: 05 May, 2019].
Prayag Arora-Desai (2019). Rufous-vented grass babblers spotted in Sirsa. Hindustan Times, Published on Nov 13, 2019. Retrived from https://www.hindustantimes.com/cities/rufous-vented-grass-babblers-spotted-in-sirsa/story-zy8mtnTsLlkdlArqNZVyhI.html.
Rai, D., Chopra, G., Gulia, R. & Vats, P. (2017). Avian diversity of Basai Wetlands, Haryana (India): An IBA site. Journal of Experimental Zoology, India, 20(1), 109- 117
Rai, D., Chopra, G. & Gulia, R. (2017a). Status of migratory avifaunal diversity of Basai wetlands, Haryana (India). Journal of Experimental Zoology India, 20(2), 981-985
Rai, D., Vats, P. & Gulia, R. (2017b). Avifaunal status of Kalesar National Park, Haryana (India). Journal of Experimental Zoology India, 20(2), 827-833
Rai, D., Gulia, R., Chopra, G. & Kumar, P. (2019). Avifaunal Community Composition and Current Status in Basai Wetlands: An important bird Area in Haryana, India. Indian Forester, 145(10), 971-985
Singh, J., S. Antil, V. Goyal & V. Malik (2020). Avifaunal diversity of Tilyar Lake, Rohtak, Haryana, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 12(8), 15909–15915 https://doi.org/10.11609/jot.4700.12.8.15909-15915
Sohil, A. & Sharma, N. (2020). Bird diversity and distribution in mosaic landscapes around Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir. Acta Ecologica Sinica, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chnaes.2020.02.005
State of India's Birds (2020). Range, trends and conservation status. The SoIB Partnership. Pp 50. www.stateof indiabirds.in
Sutherland, W.J., Newton, I. & Green, R.E. (2005). Bird Ecology and Conservation: A handbook of Techniques. Oxford University Press.
Ullah., Qing-Ming, W.U., Xue-Ying, S., Khan, M.S., Ullah, S., Khan, T.U. & Nawaz, R.M. (2021). Diversity, Abundance, Status And Endangered Habitats Of Avifauna In Sheikh Badin National Park, Dera Ismail Khan, Khyber. The Journal of Animal & Plant Sciences, 31(1), 307-316 https://doi.org/10.36899/JAPS.2021.1.0218
Vishwakarma, A., Anthony, F.M., Tiwari, S. & Choubey, S. (2020). Avifaunal Diversity of Winter Season in Kopra Reservoir of Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh, India. Proceedings of the Zoological Society. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12595-020-00349-z
Whelan, C.J., Sekerciog?lu, C.H. & Wenny, D.G. (2015). Why birds matter: from economic ornithology to ecosystem services. Journal of Ornithology, 156 (Suppl 1), S227–S238 10.1007/s10336-015-1229-y
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
This work is licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) © Author (s)