Phellinus Quel. is a member of family Hymenochaetaceae of the order Hymenochaetales. This genus comprises wood-inhabiting, saprophytic and parasitic species. Species of Phellinus sensu lato are known to have large host range and cause white rot of various types to live standing or dead trees from all over the world. The current study is based on a thorough study of literature to document the host range of Phellinus species from India. The study indicated that one hundred and seventy four plant species from 51 families are found to be infected by Phellinus species. The families found to be the most affected are Fabaceae, Combretaceae, Meliaceae, Dipterocarpaceae, Anacardiaceae, Myrtaceae, Meliaceae, Lauraceae, Fagaceae, Rosaceae. Many plant (tree) species are affected by Phellinus; this establishes it as a potential pathogen and wood decay fungi. The present study also reports Phellinus from almost all over India and every climatic zones. This indicated the high tolerance and acclimatization of Phellinus towards diverse climatic conditions. The most affected host is Artocarpus followed by Terminalia and Acacia. Although the study reports Phellinus from diverse climatic zones of India, the most affected families and genera are from moist tropical conditions. This indicates that Phellinus has vigorous activity in warm and moist areas and affects diverse plant/tree species in these areas like Maharashtra and Kerala. The states like Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, Rajasthan, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Telengana, Union Territories, Manipur, Mizoram and Nagaland are still left to be explored. The present study has key significance in biodiversity, medicinal as well as the pathogenic study of Phellinus. It provides an overall host range of genus Phellinus, confirming its vast host diversity. The information could further be used in disease, biodiversity and plant pathological assessments.
Hymenochaetaceae, Host range, Indian species, Plant families, Wood inhabiting fungi
Anonymous (2020). List of Phellinus species, retrieved on October,13 2020 from http://www.indexfungorum.org
Azeem,U. and Dhingra, G.S. (2017). Some Additions to the Diversity of Genus Phellinus Quel. from Wood Rotting Fungal Flora of District Dehradun (Uttarakhand), India. Research Journal of Life Sciences, Bioinformatics, Pharmaceutial and Chemical Sciences, 3(4), 177.
Azeem,U., Dhingra, G.S., Shri, R. (2018). Pharmacological potential of wood inhabiting fungi of genus Phellinus Quél.: An overview. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry,7(2), 1161-1171.
Bala, B., Singh, A. P and Dhingra, G. S. (2019). Additions to the List of Polypores to India. Advances in Zoology and Botany 8(1): 29-36. DOI: 10.13189/azb.2020.080105
Bapat, G. ((2009)). Studies in Phellinus Quel. With special reference to those occurring on Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. Ph.D. thesis. Pune University.
Bagchee, K. D. (1953). The fungal disease of Sal (Shorea robusta Gaertn.) Part. I. leaf spot (Cercospora sp.) stem canker (Macrophoma shores sp. now) sooty moulds (Capnodium sp. and Meliolasp) and root and stem rot (Xylaria sp.) of sal. Indian for. Rec. (N. S.) I (2), 11-23.
Bagchee, K. D. and Bakshi, B. K. (1950). Some fungi as wound parasite on Indian trees. Ind. Forest., 76 (6), 244-253.
Bagchee, K. D. (1961). The Fungal diseases of Sal (ShorearobustaGaertn. f.) IV. Fomes caryophylli (Rac.) Bres., a destructive heart rot of sal., Ind. For. Rec. (N.S., 2 (3), 25-58.
Bagchee, K. D. and Singh, U. (1954). List of common names of fungi attacking Indian forest trees, timber and the herbaceous and shrubby under growths and list of cultures of forest fungi. Indian Forest Records. 1, 199- 348.
Bakshi, B. K. (1955). Diseases and Decay of Conifers in the Himalayas. Ind. Forest., 81(12), 779-797.
Bakshi, B. K. (1958). New records of Hymenomycetes in India. Ind. Phytopathology, 11, 88.
Bakshi, B. K. (1965). Four Fomes as unrecorded tree parasites in India. Indian For. Bull. No. 244 (N. S.).
Bakshi, B. K. (1971). Indian Polyporaceae (On Trees and Timber). Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi.
Chander, H. and Patahania, J. (2019). Notes on Some Common Macrofungi of Hamirpur Region, Himachal Pradesh. CPUH-Research Journal, 3(2), 191-201.
Dai,Y.C., Zhou,L.W., Cui, B. K., Chen Y. Q. and Decock, C. (2010). Current advances in Phellinus sensulato: medicinal species, functions, metabolites and mechanisms. Applied Microbiology Biotechnology. 87, 1587–1593.
Foroutan, A. N. (2006). Studies in park and road side tree diseases with special reference to root and heart rot fungi. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Pune.
Ganesh, P. N. Leelavathy, K. M. (1986). New records of Phellinus from India. Current Science, 55, 727-728.
Hakimi, H. M. (2008). Studies in some resupinate Aphyllophorales. Ph.D. Thesis. University of Pune.
He, P., Zhang, Y. and Ning, L. (2021). A Review: the phytochemistry and pharmacology of medicinal fungi of genus Phellinus. Food and Function,10, 1039-1044.
Kumar, M. (2017). Diversity and distribution of wood decaying fungi from Chakrata Hills of Dehradun Uttarakhand. Ph.D. Thesis, Forest Research Institute. Dehradun.
Lamrood, P. (2004). Studies of some medicinally important fungi. Ph.D. Thesis. University of Pune, Pune.
Larsen, M. J. and Cobb-Poulle, L. A. (1990). Phellinus (Hymenochaetaceae) A survey of the world taxa. Synopsis Fungorum 3, 1-26.
Leelavathy, K. M. and Ganesh, P. N. (2000). Polyporaceae of Kerala. Daya Publishing House, Delhi.
Mohan, K., Kattany, V. and Adarsh, C.K. (2020). Diversity of polypores in Kerala University main campus, Vellanikkara, Kerala, India.Journal of Threatened Taxa.12(8), 15889–15904. DOI: 10.11609/jott.4422.214.171.12489-15904
Mohanan, C. (2011). Macrofungi of Kerala. KFRI Handbook No. 27. Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi, Kerala, India
Nagadeshi, P. K. and Arya, A. (2016). Lignocolous macro fungi from Gujrat, India. World Scientific News, 45(2), 307-330.
Natarajan, K. and Kolandavelu, K. (1998). ResipunateAphyllophorales of Tamil Nadu. Centre for Advance Study in Botany, University of Madras, Guindy campus, Chennai.
Natarajan, K. and Kolandavelu, K. (1985). Resupinate Aphyllophorales from South India-I. Kavaka, 12, 71-76.
Panda, J. and. Satapathy, K. B (2020). Exploration, Distribution and Identification of mushroom species in Khurda district of Odisha, India.Plant Archives Volume 20 (1),2020, 3255-3270.
Parmasto, E. (1985). The species concept in Hymenochaetaceae (Fungi, Hymenomycetes). Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Science, 94, 369-380.
Rabba, A.S. (1994). Studies in the genus Phellinus Quel. from Maharashtra. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Pune, India.
Ranadive, K. R. (2013). An overview of Aphyllophorales (wood rotting fungi) from India. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Science, 2(12), 112-139.
Rattan, S. S. (1977). Resupinate Aphyllophorales of North Western Himalaya. Bibliotheca Mycologica, 60, 1-427.
Roy, A. (1989). Taxonomy of Fomes durissimus. Mycologia, 71, 1005-1008.
Saha, R., Das, D., Tarafder, E., Roy, A. andAcharya, K. (2018). Contribution to The Macromycetes of West Bengal, India. Research J. Pharm. and Tech, 11(11) 34–39 .
Sharma, J. R. and Ghose, P.K. (1989). Polypores that decay trees of Indian Botanic Gardan. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India, 31, 95-102
Sharma, J. R.(1993). New record of Polypores from India. Indian Journal of Forestry, 16, 186-187.
Sharma, J. R. (1993). Two new records of Polypores from India. Ind. Jour. Forestry, 16, 177-179.
Sharma, J. R. (1995). Hymenochaetaceae of India. Botanical Survey of India.Calcutta, India.
Sharma, J. R.(2000). Genera of Indian Polypores. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta, India.
Sharma, J.R. (2012). Aphyllophorales of Himalaya. Botanical Survey of India. Kolkata, India.
Tiwari, C. K., Parihar, J., Verma, R. K., Prakasham, U. (2013). Atlas of Wood Decaying Fungi of Central India. Tropical Forest Research Institute, Jabalpur.
Thind, K. S. (1973). The Aphyllophorales in India. Indian Phytopathology, 26, 2-23.
Thind, K. S. and Rattan, S. S. (1971) a. The Polyporaceae of IndiaVIII. Res. Bull.Punjab. Univ (N.S.), 22, 27-34.
Thind, K. S. and Rattan, S. S. (1971)b. The Polyporaceae of IndiaVII. Indian Phytopathology, 24, 290-294.
Thind, K. S. and Rattan, S. S. (1980). The Polyporaceae of India XIII. Indian Phytopathology, 33, 380-387.
Thind, K. S. and Dhanda, R. S. (1980). The Polyporaceae of India X. Kavaka, 8, 59 -67.
Vaidya, J. G. (1987). Ecological characteristic of wood decay and cord forming fungi from the campus of Poona University, Poona University Press, Pune, India.
Vaidya, J.G. and Bhor G. L. (1990). Medicinally important wood Rotting Fungi With special emphasis on Phansomba. Deerghyu, Pune. Poona University Press, Pune, India.
Vaidya, J. G. and Rabba A. S. (1993). Fungi in Flok Medicine. Mycologist, 7, 131-133.
Wagner, T. and Fischer, M. (2002). Proceedings towards a natural classification of the world wide taxa Phellinus s.l. and Inonotuss.l. a phylogenetic relationship of allied genera. Mycologia, 94, 998-1016.
Yan, J.K., Pei, J.J., Ma H.L., Wang Z.B. and Liu, Y.S. (2017). Advances in antitumor polysaccharides from phellinus sensu lato: Production, isolation, structure, antitumor activity, and mechanisms. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 6, 1256-1269.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
This work is licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) © Author (s)