The worldwide sustenance and wholesome security of the expanding population is a generous test, which searches for new harvest (better yield from conventional ones) as a wellspring of nourishment sustenance and recoveries from malnutrition and food scarcity. Alluding to it, mushrooms discover some help which can be developed even via landless individuals, that too on decaying material and could be a source for proteinaceous sustenance. Metric huge amounts of natural waste and buildups are created every year which can possibly be reused as a substrate for mushroom cultivation. Mushroom cultivation being an indoor movement, requires less work and benefit adventure gives abundant chances to jobless.
Edible mushroom cultivation, Food, Malnutrition, Population, Scarcity
Arora, D. and Shepard, G.H. (2008). Mushrooms and Economic Botany 1. Econ. Bot., 62: 207-212.
Borah, N., RL Semwal and Garkoti, S.C. (2017). Ethnomycological knowledge of three indigenous communities of Assam, India. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, 17(2): 327-335.
Chamberlain, J.; Bush, R. and Hammett, A. (1998). Non-Timber Forest Products: The Other Forest Products. For. Prod. J., 48: 10-19.
Chang, S.T. (2006). The world mushroom industry: Trends and technological development. Int. J. Med. Mushrooms, 8, 297–314.
Chang, S.T. (1999). World production of cultivated edible and medicinal mushrooms in 1997 with emphasis on Lentinus edodes in China. Int. J. Med. Mushrooms, 1: 291-300.
Chang, S.T.; Miles, P.G. (1992). Mushroom biology—A new discipline. Mycologist, 6: 64-65.
Cheung, P.C.K. (2010). The nutritional and health benefits of mushrooms. Nutr. Bull., 35, 292–299.
China Mushroom Association (2009). China Mushroom Statistical Yearbook; China’s Statistic Publishing House: Beijing, China.
Daba, A.S.; Kabeil, S.; Botros, W.A. and El-Saadani, M. (2008). Production of mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) in Egypt as a source of nutritional and medicinal food. World J. Agric. Sci., 4: 630-634.
Dai, Y.C.; Yang, Z.L.; Cui, B.K.; Yu, C.J. and Zhou, L.W. (2009). Species diversity and utilization of medicinal mushrooms and fungi in China (Review). Int. J. Med. Mushrooms, 11: 287-302.
Deccan Chronical (2018). 1.7 billion Indians by 2050: Much food for thought. https://www.deccanchronicle.com/opinion/op-ed/310517/17 bn-indians-by-2050-much-food-for-thought.html Retrieved on 1-11-2018.
Devi, K. (2017). Ethnomycological Studies Of Some Wild Edible And Medicinal Mushrooms In Kamrup District Of Assam, India', International Journal of Current Advanced Research, 6(5): 3954-3959. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24327/ijcar.2017.3959.0405
Falconer, J. and Koppell, C.R.S. (1990). The major significance of ‘minor’ forest products: The local use and value of forests in the West African humid forest zone. In FAO Community Forestry Note; Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: Roma, Italy.
Fanzo, J.; Cogill, B. and Mattei, F. (2012). Metrics of sustainable diets and food systems. In Technical Brief-Madrid Roundtable; Bioversity International and Daniel and Nina Carasso Foundation: Rome, Italy.
FAO (2009). (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations)One sixth of humanity undernourished – more than ever before". https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/06/090619121443.htm Retrieved on 1-11-2018
FAOSTAT (2014). Available online: http://faostat.fao.org/site/567/DesktopDefault.aspx?PageID=567#ancor (Retrieved on 1-11-2018).
Feng, J., (2009). Current status of edible mushroom sector in China. Mod. Agric., 2, 54–55.
Gilbert, F.A. and Robinson, R.F., 1957. Food from fungi. Economic Botany, 11, 126–145.
Global Hunger Index (2018) Global Hunger Index by Severity. http://www.globalhungerindex.org/results-2018/ Retrieved on 20-11-2018.
Hang, S.; Su, C.; Fan, A. and Xu, S. (2008). Cultivation, utilization and development of edible fungi in China. Edible Fungi China, 27: 3-5.
Harsh N.S.K., Rai B.K. and Soni V.K. (1999). Some Ethnomycological Studies from Madhya Pradesh, India. In: Singh J., Aneja K.R. (eds) From Ethnomycology to Fungal Biotechnology. Springer, Boston, MA
Harsh, N.S.K., B.K. Rai and Ayachi, S.S. (1993). Forest fungi and tribal economy – a case study in Baiga tribe of Madhya Pradesh (India). Journal of Tropical Forestry, 9: 270–279.
IPCC (2014). Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Edenhofer, O., R. Pichs-Madruga, Y. Sokona, E. Farahani, S. Kadner, K. Seyboth, A. Adler, I. Baum, S. Brunner, P. Eickemeier, B. Kriemann, J. Savolainen, S. Schlömer, C. von Stechow, T. Zwickel and J.C. Minx (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA
Kumar, M., N.S.K. Harsh, R. Prasad and Pandey, V.V. (2017). An ethnomycological survey of Jaunsar, Chakrata, Dehradun, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 9(9): 10717–10725. http://doi.org/10.11609/jott.3306.9.9.10717-10725
Kumar, Satish, V.P. Sharma, M. Shirur and Kamal, S. (2017). Status of milky mushroom (Calocybe indica) in India – A review. Mushroom Research, 26 (1): 21-39.
Lakhanpal, T.N. and Rana, M. (2005). Medicinal and nutraceutical genetic resources of mushrooms. Plant Genetic Resources, 3: 288–303.
Poppe J. (2000). Use of agricultural waste materials in the cultivation of mushrooms. Mushroom Science, 15(1): 3-22.
Population Reference Bureau (2016). PRB Projects World Population Rising 33 Percent by 2050 to Nearly 10 Billion. https://www.prb.org/2016-world-population-data-sheet/ Retrieved on 01-11-2018
PopulationPyramid.net (2018). Population Pyramids of the world from 1950 to 2100. (https://www.populationpyramid.net/india/2050/ Retrieved on 01-11-2018
Sarma, T C., Sarma, I and N. Patiri ( 2010). Wild edible mushrooms used by some ethnic tribes of Western Assam. The Bioscan: Special issue, 3: 613-625.
Semwal, K.C., S.L. Stephenson, V.K. Bhatt and Bhatt, R.P. ( 2014). Edible mushrooms of the north-western Himalaya, India: a study of indigenous knowledge, distribution and diversity. Mycosphere 5(3): 440–461.
Sharma, V. P., Annepu, S.K., Gautam, Y., Singh, M. and Kamal, S. (2017). Status of mushroom production in India. Mushroom Research, 26 (2): 111-120.
The Guardian (2009). "World faces 'perfect storm' of problems by 2030, chief scientist to warn" https://www.theguardian.com/science/2009/mar/18/perfect-storm-john-beddington-energy-food-climate. Retrieved on 1-11-2018.
The Guardian (2011). "Paul Ehrlich, a prophet of global population doom who is gloomier than ever". https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2011/oct/23/paul-ehrlich-global-collapse-warning Retrieved on 1-11-2018.
The Guardian (2018). Mushroom to end food security. https://guardian.ng/features/mushrooms-to-end-food-scarcity/ Retrieved on 01-11-2018.
The International Society for Mushroom Science (2018). The Indian Mushroom Industry. http://www.isms.biz/articles/the-indian-mushroom-industry/ Retrieved on 1-11-2018
UNFAO (2018). United National Food and Agriculture Organization – Economic and Social Development Department, 2008. "The State of Food Insecurity in the World, 2008: High food prices and food security – threats and opportunities". Retrieved on 01-11-2018.
UNFAOSTAT (2017). United Nations, Food and Agriculture Organization Statistics, 2011. http: //faostat.fao.org/default.aspx. Retrieved on 19-08-2017.
Vinceti, B.; Termote, C.; Ickowitz, A.; Powell, B.; Kehlenbeck, K. and Hunter, D., 2013. The contribution of forests and trees to sustainable diets. Sustainability, 5, 4797–4824.
World Population Review (2018). India Population 2018. http://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/india-population/ Retrieved on 01-11-2018.
Wu, S.R.; Zhao, C.Y.; Hou, B.; Tai, L.M. and Gui, M.Y. (2013). Analysis on chinese edible fungus production area layout of nearly five years. Edible Fungi China, 1, 51-53.
Yang, X.; He, J.; Li, C.; Ma, J.; Yang, Y. and Xu, J. (2008). Matsutake trade in Yunnan Province, China: An overview. Economic Botany, 62, 269–277.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
This work is licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) © Author (s)