Gastropods, an important group of mollusc, inhabitants of sediment-rich bottom zone have evidentiary role in freshwater ecosystem. Their community structure has been
influenced by the water and soil quality parameters. Under the scenario of intensive
agricultural practice and fast urbanization waterbodies particularly the ponds of lower Damodar basin in Howrah district, West Bengal, India are badly affected by growing
pollution load. In current study, three lentic waterbodies i.e Shiberjala pond, Nayachak Wetland and Dhasa Waterbody were chosen to assess the gastropod diversity. Selected physico-chemical parameters including Temperature, Dissolved Oxygen, pH, Free
Carbon di oxide, Nitrate and Phosphate of all three waterbodies were determined also. Dhasa Waterbody containing 7 species, exhibited highest species richness. The density and species richness showed spatial variation among study sites. Bellamya bengalensis was the dominant species found at all study sites. Melanoides tuberculata in spite of their absence in Shiberjala pond, appeared to be the second most dominant species. Brotia sp and Bithynia sp was the least abundant species. Gastropod species richness showed significant negative correlation with DO level(r=-0.705, P<0.05).Nitrate level was significantly positively correlated(r=0.474, P<0.05) with gastropod species richness and density. Phosphate level (r=0.33) also positively correlated with gastropod richness.
Aquatic, Gastropod, Species diversity, Correlation
Adoni, A.D. (1985). Workbook on Limnology. Pratibha Publishers, C-10 GourNagar, Sagar, India.
Aghor, A. (2007). Chemicals make Thane creek the worst polluted water body. Dly.DNA, 14(7) : 7-14
Aziz, M.A, and Raut, S.K. (1996). Thermal effect on the life- cycle parameters of medically important freshwater snail species Lymnea(radix) luteola Lamarck. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Jenerio, 91(1):119-127
Bozzetti, M. andSchulz, U.H. (2004).An index of biotic integrity based on fish assemblages for subtropical streams in southern Brazil. Hydrobiologia, 529:133-144.
Briers, R.A, (2003). Range size and environmental calcium requirements of British fresh water gastropods. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 12(1)47-51. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1466-822X.2003.00316.x
Chakrabarty, R.D., Roy, P., and Singh, S.B. (1959). A quantitative study of theplankton and physico-chemical conditions of river Jamuna at Allahabad in 1954-1955. Indian J. Fisheries, 6(1): 186-203.
Chaetum,E.P.(1934). Limnological investigation on respiration annual migratory cycle and other related phenomena in freshwater Pulmonate snails. Tans.Am.Microscope Soc., 53:348.
Chattopadhyay, G.N. (1998). Chemical analysis of fish pond soil and water. Daya Publishing House, Delhi.
Cruadrado, T.J.(2015). Preliminary assessment of freshwater Gastropods in the selected rivers in Esperanza, Agusan del Sur, Philippines. The Journal of Zoology Studies, 2(4):13-20.
De, A., Bose, R., Kumar, A., and Mozumder, S. (2014). Targeted delivery of pesticides using biodegradeable polymeric nano particles.Springer Briefs in Molecular Science, New Delhi, Springer India.https://doi.org/10.1007/978-81-322-1689-6
Dutta,S.P.S., and Malhotra,Y.R .(1986). Seasonal variations in the macro-benthic fauna of Gadigarh stream(Miran Sahib) Jammu.Indian Journal of Ecology,13,138-145.
Garg, R.K., Rao, R.J., and Saksena, D.N. (2009). Correlation of Molluscan diversity with physico-chemical characteristics of water of Ramsagar reservoir. India. International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation, 1: 202-207.
Gaufin, A.R. (1973). Use of Aquatic Invertebrates in the Assessment of Water Quality.Biological methods for the Assessment of water Quality.American Society for Testing Materials,528: 96-116.
Hanaa, M.M., El-Khyat, Hoda Abdel-Hamid, Kadria, M.A.M., Hanan, S.G., Abu Taleb, M.A., and Hasan, E.F. (2016). Snails and fish as pollution biomarkers in lake Manzala and Laboratory C: Laboratory exposed snails to chemical mixtures. International Journal of Biological, Biomolecular, Agricultural, Food and Biotechnological Engineering, 10(11),719-730.
Heino, J. (2000). Lentic macro invertebrate assemblage structure along gradients in spatial heterogeneity, habitat size and water chemistry. Hydrobiologia, 418 229-242.
Hinrichsen, D., Robey, B. and Upadhyay, U.D. (1998). Solutions for a Water-Short World. Population Reports, Series M, No. 14.Baltimore, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Population Information Program, Baltimore, USA.
Huet, M. (1986).Textbook of fish culture. Second edition, Fishing News Book Ltd., England.
Jhingran, V.G. (1982). Fish and fisheries of India.HidustanPublishers Corporation (India), Delhi.
Kamble, S.M.(2014). Water pollution and public health issues in Kohlapur City in Maharastra.International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 4(1),1-6.
Kumar, A. (1996). Comparative studies on diel variations of abiotic factors in lentic and lotic freshwater ecosystem of Santhal Parganas (Bihar). India Journal of Environmental and Pollution, 3: 53-56.
Lokhande, R.S., Singare, P.U., and Pimple, D.S. (2011).Study on physico-chemical parameters of waste water effluents from Taloja industrial area of Mumbai, India. International Journal of Ecosystem, 1(1): 1-9.
Maltchick, L., Rolon, A.S., and Stenert, C.(2010).Aquatic macrophyte and macro invertebrate diversity and conservation in wetlands of the Sinos River Basin. Brazilian J.Biol, 70:1179-1184.
Modak, D.M., Singh, K.P., Ahmed, S., and Ray, P.K. (1990). Trace metal ion in Ganga water system. Chemosphere, 21(1-2): 275-287.
Palanisamy, S., and Khan, A.B(2012). Influence of Environmental Parameters on the Distribution and Diversity of Molluscan Composition in Pondicherry Mangroves, South Coast of India. Ocean Science Journal, 47(1):61-71.
Pawari, M.J., and Gawande, S.(2015).Ground water pollution and its consequence. International Journal of Engineering Research and General Science .3(4),773-776.
Patil, D. (2009). A lot's fishy about our creek and lake fish. Dly. Times India, 22(33),4-5.
Pennak, R.W. (1978). Fresh-water Invertebrates of the United States (SecondEdition), John Wiley and Sons, New Yark, pp 803.
Roy, M., Nandi, N., and Banerjee, S. (2014). Macrozoobenthic community and Assessment of Aquatic Ecosystem Health of three waterbodies of East Kolkata etlands, India. Procedings of Zoological Society, 67(2): 86-93.
Saddozai, S., Baloch, W.A., Achakzai, W.M. and Memon, N. (2013). Population dynamics and ecology of freshwater Gastropods in Manchar lake, Sindh, Pakistan. The Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences, 23(4):`1089-1093
Selvanayagam, M., and Abril, R. (2016).Use of benthic macro invertebrates as a biological indicator in assessing water quality of river Puyo, Puyo, Pastaza, Eucador. American Journal of Life Sciences,4(1):1-12
Seyoum, E. (2007). Assessment of the physicochemical parameters of river Beressa in DebreBerhan town(North Shoa) for sustainability of drinking water, M.Sc thesis, School of Graduate Studies, Addis Ababa University.
Sharma, K.K., Bangotra, K., and Saini, M.(2013). Diversity and distribution of Mollusca on relation to the physico-chemical profile of Gho-Manhasan stream, Jammu(J&K). International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation, 5(4): 240-249. https://doi.org/10.5897/IJBC12.127
Sharma,R.C (1986). Effect of Physico-chemical factors on benthic fauna of Bhagirathi river, Garhwal Himalayas. Indian Journal of Ecology,13:133-137.
Singh H.R., Badola, S.P., and Dobriyal, A.K.,( 1982). Ecology of the river Nayar of Garhwal Himalaya. Uttar Pradesh Journal of Zoology, 2: 72-76.
Smitha and Mustak MS (2017). Gastropod diversity with phusico-chemical characteristics of water and soil in selected areas of Dakshina Kannada district of Karnataka, India. International Journal of Fauna and Biological Studies, 4(1):15-21.
Strzlec, M., and Krolczyk, A (2004). Factors affecting snail community structure in upper course of the Warta river(Poland).Biologica Bratislava.59(2):159.
Strzelec, M., Krodkiewska, M. and Krolczyk, A. (2014). The impact of environmental factors on the diversity of Gastropod communities in sinkhole ponds in a coal mining region (Silesian Upland, Southern Poland). Biologia, 69(6): 780-789.
Tonapi, G.T. (1980). Freshwater invertebrates of India (An ecological approach). IBH and Oxford Publication, New Delhi, India.
Wallace, J.B, and Webster, J.R,(1996).The role of macro invertebrate in stream ecosystem function. Annual Review of Entomology, 41: 115-139.
Ward, H.B. and Whipple, G.C. (1959).Freshwater Biology IIED.John Wiley and Sons. Inc., New Yark.
Welch, P.C. (1952). Limnology.Toronto and London. Mc. Graw Hill Book Co., NewYark. Wetzel, R.G. (1983) Recommendations for future research on periphyton: Wetzel, R.G (Ed), Periphyton of freshwater ecosystems.,pp.339-346.
WWAP (United Nations World Water Assessment Programme)/UN-Water. The United Nations World Water Development Report 2018: Nature Based Solutions for water(2018), Paris, UNESCO.
WWAP (United Nations World Water Assessment Programme) UN-Water. The United Nations World Water Development Report 2017: Wastewater: The Untapped Resources (2017), Paris, UNESCO.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
This work is licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) Â© Author (s)