A field experiment was carried out to evaluate the performance of pre-bearing mango plantation with different intercrops (papaya, pineapple and combination of papaya and pineapple) in a sandy clay loam soil on a degraded land under drip irrigation at ICAR-Indian Institute of Water Management, Bhubaneswar, Odisha during 2017-18. Different intercrops planted in the mango (cv. Amrapali) were (i) two rows of papaya (cv. Red lady) in either side of mango plants, (ii) two paired rows of pineapple (cv. Queen) in either side of mango plants and (iii) one row of papaya and one paired row of pineapple in either side of mango plants with and without paddy straw mulch. All plants were irrigated by drip irrigation (DI) system. The amount of water used in mango–papaya cropping system (1220 mm) was higher than that in mango-pineapple cropping (975 mm). The volumetric soil water content in top 0.60 m soil in mango, papaya and pineapple were 20-23%, 21-24% and 22-24%, respectively. The vegetative growth parameters (plant height, canopy diameter and trunk girth) of young mango plants were not affected significantly either by papaya or pineapple intercropping. Straw mulch enhanced the growth parameters of mango plants by 8-12%. Similarly, growth parameters of papaya and pineapple were not affected significantly either by intercrops or by straw mulch. The highest yield (17.5 t/ha) and water productivity (21.1 kg/ha.mm) were observed in mango–pineapple system with straw much. The net profit from pineapple intercropping with straw mulch was highest (Rs. 140000/ ha) with benefit-cost ratio of 1.67, followed by papaya-pineapple intercropping with straw mulch in mango. Overall, the study reveals that mango intercropped with pineapple under drip irrigation with rice straw mulch can be practiced in pre-bearing mango orchards of Eastern India.
Drip irrigation, Intercropping, Pre-bearing mango, Water productivity, Yield
Doorenbos, J. and Pruit, W. O. (1984). Guidelines for predicting crop water requirements. FAO Irrigation and Drainage paper 24, FAO, Rome, 144 pp.
Ghosh, S., Sarkar, S., Sau, S., Karmakar, and Brahmachari, K. (2017). Influence of Guava (Psidium guajava L.) based Intercropping Systems on Soil Health and Productivity in Alluvial Soil of West Bengal, India. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 6(11): 241-251.
Gomez, K.A., Gomez, A.A., 1984. Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research, 2nd Edition, Wiley, New York.
Jain, P.K., Raut, R.L. and Rajwade, V.B. (2008). Mango based intercropping under the watershed of Kymore plateau of Madhya Pradesh. Indian Journal of Horticulture, 65: 486-487.
Michael, A. M. (1993). Irrigation- Theory and Practice, Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 787 pp.
Panigrahi, P., Srivastava, A. K. and Huchche, A. D. (2010). Optimizing growth, yield and water use efficiency (WUE) in Nagpur mandarin (Citrus reticulata) under drip irrigation and plastic mulch. Indian Journal of Soil Conservation, 38 (1): 42-45.
Panigrahi, P., Sahu, N. N. and Pradhan, S. (2011) Evaluating partial root-zone irrigation and mulching in okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) under a sub-humid tropical climate. Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics, 112 (2): 169–175.
Panigrahi, P., Srivastava, A. K., Huchche, A. D. and Singh, S. (2012). Plant nutrition in response to drip versus basin irrigation in young Nagpur mandarin on Inceptisol. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 35: 215-224.
Rajput M.S., Shrivastava K.C., and Shukla V. (1989) Intercropping in young mango orchard, Acta Horticulture. 231: 312-315
Ratha, S. and Swain, S.C. (2006). Performance of intercrops in mango orchard in Eastern Ghat High Land Zone of Orissa. Indian Journal of Dryland Agricultural Research Development. 21:12-15.
Raut, R. L. (2006). Performance of various intercrops in relation to land equivalent ratio (LER) and their influence on yield attributes and yield of mango (Mangifera indica L.). Journal of Soils and Crops. 16: 295-299.
Raut, R.L. and Jain, P.K. (2013). Intercropping systems in mango orchard for rainfed area of central India. International Journal of Horticulture,3(15):87-90
Reddy, S. S. and Ram, P.R. (1996). Agricultural Finance and Management, 2nd edn. Oxford and IBH Publisher Co. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi
Sarkar, S.K., Gautam, B., Seethambram, Y. and Vijaya, N. (2004). Effect of intercropping sequence with vegetables in young mango orchard under Decan plateau. Indian Journal of Horticulture, 61: 125-127
Singh. S.R., Banik, B.C. and Yumnam, S.S. (2012). Effect of different intercrops on yield and quality of mango production in new alluvial zone of West Bengal. The Asian Journal of Horticulture. 7(2): 582-585.
Swain, S.C. (2014). Performance and profitability study of different mango based intercropping systems in Easternghat high land zone. Journal of Crop and Weed. 10(2): 170-178.
Swain, S.C. (2016). Influence of intercropping systems on soil health, productivity and quality of guava (Psidium guajava l.) in Eastern India. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 39(14): 2037-2046.
Tiwari, R. and Baghel, B.S. (2014). Effect of intercropping on plant and soil of Dashehari mango orchard under low productive environments. The Asian Journal of Horticulture. 9(2): 439-442.
This work is licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) © Author (s)