Preet Pratima N. Sharma Chaitanya Belsare


The five cultivars of kiwifruit viz., Allison, Hayward, Abbott, Monty and Bruno during the years 2011 and 2012 in the Department of Fruit Science, Dr. Y. S. Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Solan, Himachal Pradesh, India. Two irrigation treatments i.e. standard irrigation (at 80% field capacity) and deficit irrigation (at 60 % F C) were applied to these cultivars from March to October with three replications in Randomized Block Design (RBD). The leaf nutrient content (%) and frequency of irrigation (irrigation interval in days) were investigated in kiwifruit in response to these irrigation treatments. The leaf nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), Potassium (K), Calcium (Ca) and Magnesium (Mg) contents varied with cultivars under two irrigation regimes. The leaf N content and Ca content (%) was observed highest in cultivar Monty; P content in Allison; K content in Hayward; Mg content (%) in Abbott and Monty under standard irrigation treatment. These nutrient contents reduced significantly at 0.05 % level of significance with deficit irrigation treatment in different cultivars. The % reduction in these nutrients with deficit irrigation treatment was found to be highest in cultivar Hayward and the least in Bruno. The total number of irrigation applied under standard and deficit irrigation were 16 and 10 respectively, during both the years. The response of Bruno cultivar in terms of leaf nutrient content under water deficit condition is much better in comparison to all other cultivars. Bruno is considered to be drought tolerant cultivar and Hayward to be drought sensitive. Thus, the Bruno cultivar should be preferred for cultivation in water scarce regions.




Deficit irrigation, Irrigation frequency, Kiwifruit, Nutrient status

AOAC (1980). Official Methods of Analysis of the Analytical Chemists 13th ed. Horowitz W. (ed.). Association of official Analytical Chemists, Washington, D.C.
Amtmann, A., Troufflard, S. and Armengaud, P. (2008). The effect of potassium nutrition on pest and disease resistance in plants. Physiol. Plantarum. 133: 682–691.
Anonymous (2005). Kiwifruit. www.nhb.gov.in/model-project-reports/index.html
Beutel, J.A. (1990). Kiwifruit, In: Advances in new crops. J. Janick and J.E. Simon (eds.). Timber Press, Portland, O. R., pp 309-316.
Blum, A. (2011). Plant Breeding for Water- Limited Environments. Springe New York.
Chapman, H. D. (1964). Suggested foliar sampling and handling techniques for determining the nutrient status of some field, horticultural and plantation crops. Ind. J. of Hortic. 21 (2): 97-119.
Clarkson, D. T., Carvajal, M., Henzler, T., Waterhouse, R. N., Smyth, A. J., Cooke, D. T. and Steudle, E. (2000). Root hydraulic conductance: diurnal aquaporin expression and the effects of nutrient stress. J. of Exp. Bot. 51: 61–70.
Cochran, G. C. and Cox, G. M. (1963). Experimental Design. Asia Publishing House, Bombay.
De Groot, C. C., Marcelis, L. F. M., Van den Boogaard, R. and, Lambers H. (2001). Growth and dry‐mass partitioning in tomato as affected phosphorus nutrition and light. Plant, Cell and Envi. 24: 1309–1317.
Ferguson, A. R. (1984). Kiwifruit: a botanical review. Horticultural Rev. 6: 1-64.
Gomez K A and Gomez A A. (1984). Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. John Willey and Son, New York.
Jackson, M. L. (1973). Soil chemical analysis. Prentire Hall India Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi. Rimski-Korsakov, H., Rubio, G. and Lavado, R.S. (2009). Effect of water stress in maize crop production and nitrogen fertilizer fate. J. of Plant Nut. 32: 565-578.
Jacob, J., Lawlor, D. W. (1992). Dependence of photosynthesis of sunflower and maize on phosphate supply, ribulose‐1,5‐biphospahte carboxylase/oxygenase activity, and ribulose‐1, 5‐biphosphate pool size. Plant Physiol. 98: 801–807.
Kenworthy, A. L. (1964). Fruit, nut and plantation crops, deciduous and evergreen. A guide for collecting foliar samples for nutrient element analysis. Memo. Horticultural Department Michigan State University, Michigan, pp 223-224.
Lynch, J., Lauchli, A. and Epstein, E. (1991). Vegetative growth of common bean in response to phosphorus nutrition. Crop Sci. 31: 380–387.
Marschner, P. (2012). Marschner’s Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants 3rd ed. Academic Press; London, U. K., pp. 178–189.
Miller, S. A. Smith, G. S., Boldingh, H. L. and Johansson, A. (1998). Effects of water stress on Fruit quality attributes of kiwifruit. Annals of Bot. 81:73-81.
Min W., Qingsong Z., Qirong S. and Shiwei, G. (2013). The Critical Role of Potassium in Plant Stress Response. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 14(4): 7370–7390.
Munns, R., Passioura, J. B., Guo, J., Chazen, O. and Cramer, G. R. (2000). Water relations and leaf expansion: importance of time scale. J. of Exp. Bot. 51: 1495 –1504.
Piper, C. S. (1966). Soil and Plant Analysis. Hans Publications, Bombay, India.
Romero, P., Navarro, J. M., Perrez Perrez, J. Garcia-Sanchez, F., Gomez- Gomez, A., Porras, I., Martinez, V. and Botia, P. (2006). Deficit irrigation and rootstock: their effects on water relations, vegetative development, yield, fruit quality and mineral nutrition of Clemenules mandarin. Tree Physiol. 26: 1537-1548.
Salisbury, F. B. and Ross, C. W. (1992). Environmental physiology, In: Plant Physiology. 4th Edition. Wadsworth Pub. Company. Belmont. CA. USA, pp 549-600.
Sanjeev. (2006). Influence of rootstocks and paclobutrazol on growth and physiology of pear cv. Flemish beauty under different soil moisture regimes. Ph.D thesis, Dr.Y.S.Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni.Solan, HP. India
Seyed, Y. S. L., Rouhollah, M., Mosharraf, M. H. and Ismail, M. M. R. (2012). Water Stress. In:, Water Stress in Plants: Causes, Effects and Responses. Ismail, M. M. R. and Hiroshi, H. (eds.). InTech, Rijeka, Croatia, pp.1–14.
Shabala, S. and Pottosin, I.I. (2010). Potassium and potassium-permeable channels in plant salt tolerance. Signal. Commun. Plants. 87–110.
Shaheen, M. A., Hegazi, A. A. and Humam, I. S. A. (2011). Effect of water stress on vegetative characteristics and leaves chemical constituents of some transplants olive cultivars. Amer.- Euras. J. of Agri. and Environental. Sci. 11(5): 663-670.
White, P. and Karley, A. (2010). Potassium. In: Cell Biology of Metals and Nutrients. Hell, R. and Mendel, R. R. (eds.). Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg, Germany, 199–224.
Citation Format
How to Cite
Pratima, P., Sharma, N., & Belsare, C. (2018). Effect of water stress on leaf nutrient status and frequency of irrigation in various cultivars of kiwifruit. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 10(1), 339-346. Retrieved from https://journals.ansfoundation.org/index.php/jans/article/view/1627
More Citation Formats:
Research Articles