##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

Umesha Umesha B. C. Channakeshava K. Bhanuprakash D. Nuthan R. Siddaraju J. Lakshmi

Abstract

An experiment was conducted to investigate the influence of packaging materials and seed treatments on storability of cluster bean under ambient conditions of Bengaluru. The experiment consisted of six treatments viz. control (T1), bavistin @ 2 g kg-1 (T2), spinosad @ 0.04 ml/kg (T3), neem leaf powder @ 1:20 ratio (T4), Acorus calamus@ 10 g kg-1 (T5) and cow dung powder @ 10 g kg-1 (T6) and three packaging materials viz., cloth bag (C1) super grain bag (C2) and poly lined cloth bag (C3). Treated seed samples were stored in three containers under ambient storage conditions up to the duration of which seeds maintain minimum seed certification standards and samples were drawn at bimonthly intervals for ascertaining the seed quality parameters. The study suggested that seed treat-ment could be useful to prolong the storage life of cluster bean seeds. The seeds treated with spinosad (0.04 ml/kg) and stored in super-grain bag were better for maintenance of higher seed quality parameters [germination (80.00%), root length (11.70 cm), shoot length (13.60 cm), mean seedling dry weight (152 mg), seedling vigour index I and II (2024&12140) and TDH activity (1.224) with low electrical conductivity (0.368 dSm-1)] up to 18 months under ambient conditions of Bengaluru (room temperature). Super-grain bag proved to be better storage container with higher seed quality attributes viz., germination (72.38 %), seedling vigour index-I (1726), total dehydrogenase activity (1.201) and other seed quality parameters compared to cloth bag. The study suggested that use of appropriate packaging material and seed treatment could be useful to prolong the storage life of cluster bean seeds.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

Acaruscalamus, Cluster bean, Guar, Spinosad, Super-grain bag

References
Abdul-Baki, A. A. and Anderson, J. D. (1973). Vigour determination in soybean by multiple criteria. Crop Sci., 13: 630-633.
Abdul-Baki, A. A. and Anderson, J. D. (1973a). Physiological and biochemical deterioration of seed. In Seed Biology (II Ed): Kozlowski, T. T., Academic Press, New York, London Pp.283-315.
Adebisi, M. A., Akintobi, D.C.A. and Oyekale, K. O. (2007). Preservation of okra seed vigour by seed treatments and storage containers. Nigerian J. Hort. Sci.,12: 1-7.
Anonymous. (1996). International Rules for Seed Testing. Seed Sci. & Technol., 24: 1-255.
Anonymous. (2015). Weather report. AICRP on Agrometerology, University of Agricultural Sciences, GKVK, Bengaluru.
Aykroyd, U. R. (1963). Indian Council of Medical Research, Special Report, Series, No. 42, Vegetables, National Book Trust India (4th Edn.), New Delhi Pp. 188-191.
Basavegowda, Gururaj Sunkad and Arunkumar Hosamani (2013). Effect of commercial cold storage conditions and packaging materials on seed quality of chickpea (Cicer Arietinum L.). Global J.Sci. Frontier Res., 13(2): 22-28.
Delouche, J. C. and Baskin, C. C. (1973). Accelerated ageing techniques for predicting the relative storability of seed lots. Seed Sci. & Technology,1: 427 – 452.
Doijode, S. D. (1988). Effect of storage environment on brinjal (Sorghum melongena) seed viability. Progressive Horticulture, 20: 292-293.
Ghelani, Y. H., Dhedhi, K. K., Joshi, H. J., Raghvani, K. L. and Dangaria, C. J. (2009). Effect of insecticidal seed treatment on viability of pearl millet seed during storage. Karnataka J. Agric. Sci., 22 (3): 633-634
Gomez, K.A. and Gomez, A.A. (1984). Statistical procedures for agricultural research. John Wiley and sons, Inc. London, UK (2ndedtn) 13-175
Harrington, J. F. and Douglas, J. E. (1970). Seed storage and packaging applications for India. National Seeds Corporation Ltd., New Delhi.
ISTA. 1995. Recommended seed vigour tests. Hand Book of Vigour Test Methods, Pp 22-30
Kapoor, R, Arya A, Siddiqui, M. A, Amir, A. and Kumar, H. (2010). Seed deterioration in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) under accelerated ageing. Asian J Plant Sci., 9(3) 158-162
Kapoor, N, Arya, A, Siddiqui, M. A, Kumar, H. and Amir, A. (2011), Physiology and biochemical changes during seed deterioration in aged seeds of rice (Oryza sativa L.). American J. of Plant Physiology, 6(1): 28-35
Kathiravan, M., Vijayakumar, A. and Vanitha, C. (2008). Effect of dry dressing treatments and containers on seed quality parameters in lablab (Lablab purpureous L.) under natural ageing conditions. Indian J. Agric. Res., 42(1): 62 – 66
Kumar Kant Singh and Malavika Dadlani. (2003). Effect of packaging on vigour and viability of soybean seeds during ambient storage. Seed Res.,31(1): 27-32
Mahesh Babu, H. M. and Ravi Hunje. (2008). Effect of seed treatment with botanicals on storability of soybean. Karnataka J. Agric. Sci., 21(3): 357-360
Monira, U. S., Amin, M. H. A., Marin, M. and Mamun, M. A. A.(2012). Effect of containers on seed quality of storage soybean seed. Bangladesh Res. Pub. J., 7(4): 421-427
NRAA. (2014) Potential of rainfed guar (cluster beans) cultivation, Processing and Export in India. Policy paper No.3 National Rainfed Area Authority, NASC Complex.DPS Marg, New Delhi-110012, India: 109p.
Perl, M., Luria, I. and Gelmond, H. (1978). Biochemical changes in sorghum seeds affected by accelerated ageing. J. Exptl. Bot., 29: 497-509
Pramila R Gangal (2003). Influence of pre harvest insecticidal spray on seed yield and quality and post harvest seed treatment on storability of black gram (Vigna mungo). M. Sc. (Agri.) Thesis, Univ. Agric. Sci., Dharwad, Karnataka (India).
Shanthappa Tirakannanavar and Ramaiah, H. (2006). Effect of seed treatment and containers on storability of red gram seeds. Abstracts, XII National seminar on prosperity through quality seed, pp 139
Shelar V. R, Shaikh R. S and Nikam A. S. (2008). Soybean seed quality during storage: A review. Agric. Rev., 29(2) 125-131
Shivagouda Patil., Rajendra Prasad, S., Bharamaraj Badiger., Yegappa Hipparagi., Maruthi, K and Shankrayya. (2014). Impact of seed treatment chemicals on seed storability in pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.). The Bioscan., 9(3): 985-989
Shobha, B. N., Ramegowda, Devaraju, P. J. and Prasanna, K. P. R. (2006). Influence of seed colouring on seed quality during storage in soyabean. Abst. National Seed Seminar on Prosperity through Quality Seed, pp126.
Srimathi, P.G., Sasthri, E. P., Venkatachalam, R., Geetha and Malarkodi, K. (2003). Influence of pre-storage treatments on storability of vegetable cowpea. Legume Res., 26 (3): 166-171
Tammanagowda, P. (2002). Influence of organics on seed yield, quality and storability studies on green gram cv. Chinamung. M.Sc. (Agri.) Thesis, Univ. of Agric. Sci., Dharwad.
Tejashwi P. Kumar., Asha, A.M., Maruthi, J.B.and Vishwanath, K. (2014). Influence of seed treatment chemicals and containers on seed quality of marigold during storage. The Bioscan., 9(3): 937-942
Thirusenduraselvi, D. and Jerlin, R. (2007). Enhancing the storability of bitter gourd cv. CO 1 by pelleting treatments. Madras Agric. J., 94(7-12): 192-204
Citation Format
How to Cite
Umesha, U., Channakeshava, B. C., Bhanuprakash, K., Nuthan, D., Siddaraju, R., & Lakshmi, J. (2017). Influence of seed treatment and packaging materials on seed longevity of cluster bean [Cyamopsistetra gonoloba (L.) Taub.]. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 9(1), 482–491. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v9i1.1218
More Citation Formats:
Section
Research Articles