##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

S. Murmu S. Dey A. Chakraborty

Abstract

The early blight of potato may be controlled by using bio-control agents and plant extracts but not effectively and rapidly. But using of chemical fungicides the disease can be controlled easily and losses of yield will be reduced compare to above mentioned both control measures. Keeping this in mind an experiment was conducted to test the efficacy of seven different fungicides (difenoconazole, propiconazole, hexaconazole, propineb 61% + iprov-alicarb 5.25%, propineb, carbendazim and metalaxyl 8% + mancozeb 64%) for controlling early blight of potato un-der in vivo as well as in vitro condition. These antifungal compounds were applied 3 times at 7days interval after first appearance of the disease in the field. Highest percent disease reduction (57.88%) and highest yield of tuber (27.03 t/ha) was recorded in plot sprayed with propiconazole @1 ml/lit followed by propineb and propineb 61% + iprovalicarb 5.25%, with percent disease reduction 55.98%, 51.90% and yield 26.30 t/ha and 24.53 t/ha respectively. Simultaneously in vitro efficacy of these fungicides were also tested against Alternaria solani where propiconazole and propineb exhibited highest percent inhibition(100%) in radial growth and in case of spore germination inhibition in spite of these two fungicides difenoconazole, hexaconazole and propineb 61% + iprovalicarb 5.25% exhibit same result i.e. 100% inhibition compared to control as well as other treatments. Therefore it may be suggested that propiconazole and propineb can be used successfully in controlling of this disease.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

Early Blight, Fungicide, Management, Potato

References
Arunakumara. K.T., Kulkarnai. M.S., Thammaiah. N., and Hegde. Y.(2010). Fungicidal management of early blight of tomato. Ind. Phytopath.63 (1): 96-97.
Chakraborty, A. (2012). Prevalence of diseases of potato in Indo-Gangetic plains of West Bengal. J. Mycopathol. Res., 50 (1):117-119
Dey, S. and Chakraborty, A. (2012). Varietal reaction against early blight of potato in plains of West Bengal. J. Crop Weed., 8 (1): 181-183.
Falck, R. (1907). Wachtumgesetze, wachstum Laktorehnund temperature wertder holzersterenden. Myceture. 32: 38-39
Hijmans, R.J. and Spooner, D.M. (2001). Geographic distribution of wild potato species. Am. J. Bot., 88 (11): 2101–12
Herle.G.S., and Kamanna. B. C. (2014). In vitro and in vivo evaluation of fungicides against early blight of potato caused by Alternaria solani (Ellis and Martin) Jones and Grout. Plant Arch.,14 (2). 971-975
McKinney, H.H. (1923). Influence of soil temperature and moisture on infection of wheat seedling by Helminthosporium sativum. J.Agril. Res. 26: 195 – 217
Meena, B.,and Rajamani, K. (2014).Management of leaf early blight disease in Solanum nigram using fungicides and biocontrol agents. Eur.J. Mol. Biol. Biochem.1 (3):88-90
Measta, R.K., Benagi, V.I., Kulkarni, S., and Shankergoud, I. (2009). In vitro evaluation of fungicides and plant extracts against Alternaria helianthi causing blight of sunflower. Karnataka J. Agric. Sci..22(1) : (111-114)
Pandey, D.K., Tripathi, N.N., Tripathi, R.O. and Dixit, S.N. (1982). Fungitoxic and phyototoxic properties of essential oil of Phylissauvolensis. PfkrankhPfschuz. 89: 334-346
Sharma ,S.R. and Kolte, S.G.(1994). Effect of soil applied NPK fertilizers on severity of black spot disease (Alternaria brassicae) and yield of oil seed rape. Plant soil,167:313-320
Vincent, J.M., (1947). Distortion of fungal hyphae in the presence of certain inhibitors. Nature. 159: 239-241
Citation Format
How to Cite
Murmu, S., Dey, S., & Chakraborty, A. (2017). Efficacy of different fungicides for management of early blight disease of potato. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 9(1), 280–285. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v9i1.1184
More Citation Formats:
Section
Research Articles