Syed Berjes Zehra Shabir Hussain Khan Asif Ahmad Baseerat Afroza K. Parveen Khursheed Hussain


Genetic variability, heritability and genetic advance for different quantitative and qualitative characters were studied in 64 genotypes of chilli. The study indicated the existence of considerable amount of genetic variability for all the traits under study. Analysis of variance revealed significant differences among genotypes for almost all the traits studied. The maximum range was recorded for fruit yield per plant (150-900 g) followed by vitamin-C content at red ripe stage (35.50 -207.17 mg/100g), vitamin-C content at green stage (24.93-195.83 mg/100g), capsanthin content (39.58-180.35ASTA units, number of fruits per plant (21.32-100.27) and plant height (50.20-105.00cm). The highest phenotypic and genotypic coefficients of variability were observed for average fruit weight followed by seed yield per plant, average seed weight per fruit, number of fruits per plant, fruit yield per plant and fruit diameter. In general the phenotypic coefficients of variation (PCV) were slight higher than genotypic coefficients of variation GCV), which indicates the minor role of environment in the expression of traits under observation. The estimates of heritability in broad sense was high for all the characters. The present investigation indicates a great scope of in the improvement of these traits as these characters in general possessed high estimates of heritability coupled with high genetic advancement except for days to first fruit set, days to first green fruit harvest, days to first ripe fruit harvest and dry matter content (high heritability but moderate genetic gain) indicating the preponderance of additive gene action for control of these traits.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...




Genetic variability, Heritability, Genetic advance, Chilli, Capsicum annuum L.

Ahmed, N., Tanki, M.I. and Bhat, M.V. (1990). Genetic variability in Kashmir chilli (Capsicum annuum L.). Vegetable Science 17 : 217-220
Bandale, V.W., Palsuledesai, M.R., Bhave, S.G., Sawant, S.S. and Desai, S. (2006). Genetic evaluation of some economical traits in chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) in Konkan region of Maharashtra. Crop Research Hissar 31(3) : 401-403
Burton, G.W. (1952). Quantitatve inheritance in grasses. Procedings of 6th International Grassland congress 11: 277-283
Burton, G.W. and Devane, C.H. (1953). Estimating heritability in tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea) from replicated clonal material. Agronomy Journal 45 : 478-481
Chattopadhyay, A., Sharangi, A.B., Dai, N.S. and Dutta, S. (2011). Diversity of genetic resources and genetic association analysis of green and dry chillies of eastern India. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research, 71 (3) : 350-356
Crossby, K., Pike, L., Jifon, J. and Yoo, K. (2005). Breeding vegetables for optimum levels of phytochemicals. Proceeding of FAV Quebec city Canada.
Ghai, I.R. and Thakur, M.R. (1987). Variability and correlation studies in an intervarietal cross of chilli. Punjab Horticultural Journal, 27 : 80-83
Gopalakrishnan, T.R., Nair, C.S.J., Joseph, S. and Peter, K.V. (1984). Studies on yield attributes in chilli. Indian Cocoa Arecanut Spices Journal 8: 72-75
Jabeen, N., Ahmed, N. and Tanki, M.I. (1998). Genetic variability in hot pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). Agricultural Science Digest, 18: 23-26
Johnson, H.N., Robinson, H.F. and Comstock, R.E. (1955). Estimates of genetic and environmental variability in soybeans. Agronomy Journal, 48 : 314-318
Kadwey, S. Dadiga, A. and Prajapati, S. (2016). Genotypes performance and genetic variability studies in hot chilli (Capsicum annuum L.).Indian Journal of Horticultural Sciences, 50 (1): 56-60
Khurana, D.S., Singh, P. and Hundal, J.S. (2003). Studies on genetic diversity for growth, yield and quality traits in chilli (Capsicum annuum L.). Indian Journal of Horticulture, 60 (3): 277-282
Lush, J.L. (1949). Heritability of quantitative characters in farm animals. Proceedings of the Eight International Congress on Genetics. Genetics Supliment volume. Heredits, pp. 356-395
Mallikarjun, C.G., Manjunath, A., Nehru, S.D. and Kulkarni, R.S. (2003). Genetic variability and correlations in chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) with special reference to quality characters. Mysore Journal of Agricultural Science 37(4) : 325-331
Manju, P.R. and Sreelathakumary, I. 2002. Genetic Variability, heritability and genetic advance in hot chilli (Capsicum chinense jacq.). Journal of Tropical Agriculture 40: 4-6
Munshi, A. D. and Behera, T. K. (2000). Genetic variability, heritability and genetic advance for some traits in chillies (Capsicum annuum L.). Vegetable Science 27(1): 39-41
Nechif, O. Filimon R. and Szilagyi, L. (2011) Genetic variability, heritability and expected genetic advance as indices for yield and yield components selection in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), Scientific Papers, UASVM Bucharest, Series A 1222-5339
Pandita, M.L., Dahiya, M.S. and Vashistha, R.N. (1991). Genetic variability and heritability studies in chilli (Capsicum fruitescens L.). Haryana Journal of Horticultural Sciences, 2: 234-238
Panse, V.G. (1957). Genetics of quantitative characters in relation to plant breeding. Indian Journal of Genetics 17 : 318-328
Panse, V.G. and Sukhatme, P.V. (1957). Statistical methods for agricultural workers. Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, pp. 157-165
Shah, A., Lal, S.D. and Panth, C.C. (1986). Variability studies in chilli. Progressive Horticulture 18 : 270-272
Singh, N.D., Laisharam, I.M., Bhagirath, T.(2005). Genetic variability in local chillies (Capsicum annuum L.) of Manipur. Indian Journal of Horticulture 62(2) : 203-205
Smitha, R.P. and Basavaraja, N. (2006). Genetic divergence studies in chilli (Capsicum annuum L.). Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences 19(4): 975-977
Varadarajan, S. and Veeravel, R. (1996). Evaluation of chilli association resistant tothrips, Scirtothrips dorsalis Hood (Thysanoptera : Thripidae). Pest Management and Economic Zoology 4 : 85-90
Verma, S.K., Singh, R.K. and Arya, R.R. (2004). Genetic variability and correlation studies in chillies. Progressive Horticulture 36(1): 113-117
Citation Format
How to Cite
Zehra, S. B., Khan, S. H., Ahmad, A., Afroza, B., Parveen, K., & Hussain, K. (2017). Genetic variability, heritability and genetic advance for various quantitative and qualitative traits in Chilli (Capsicum annuum L.). Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 9(1), 262–273. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v9i1.1182
More Citation Formats:
Research Articles