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K. Baghyalakshmi P. Jeyaprakash S. Ramchander M. Raveendran S. Robin

Abstract

The present investigation was undertaken to study the effect of different yield QTL (DTY2.2, DTY3.1 and DTY8.1) under drought and their physiological response to drought stress. Backcross Inbred Lines (BILs) of IR64 (CB-193 and CB-229) along with IR64, APO and the traditional rice variety Norungan were raised in green house condition under water stress and control to evaluate the effect of the QTL on grain yield. The BIL CB-193 recorded higher photosynthetic rate (22.051), transpiration rate (7.152) and Ci/Ca ratio (0.597) whereas the BIL CB-229 recorded high relative water content (80.76%). It was found that the combination of three QTL (CB-229) performed better than the susceptible parent and the line with two QTL (CB-193 Fine-mapping of two QTLs viz., qDTY2.2 and qDTY8.1, for grain yield (GY) were conducted using backcross derived lines. Composite interval mapping analyses resolved the originally identified qDTY2.2 region of 6.7 cM into a segment of 2.1 cM and two sub QTLs at region between RM23132 and RM1578 (75.75 cM- 77.66 cM), RM515 and RM1578 (75.11 cM-77.66 cM) were identified in qDTY8.1 region. However this study provides a unique opportunity to breeders to introgress such regions together as a unit into high-yielding drought-susceptible varieties through MAS.

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Keywords

Backcross inbred lines, Drought QTL, Fine mapping, Photosynthetic efficiency, Rice

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Baghyalakshmi, K., Jeyaprakash, P., Ramchander, S., Raveendran, M., & Robin, S. (2016). Fine mapping of rice drought QTL and study on combined effect of QTL for their physiological parameters under moisture stress condition. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 8(4), 1992–1998. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v8i4.1076
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