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Jitendra Kumar Neelam Patel T. B. S. Rajput

Abstract

Soil moisture sensor is an instrument for quick measurements of soil moisture content in the crop root zone on real time basis. The main objective of this research was development and evaluation of an indigenous sensor for precise irrigation scheduling. The various parts of sensor developed were ceramic cup, acrylic pipe, level sensor, tee, reducer, gland, cork, and end cap. The designed system was successfully tested on okra crop and calibrated with frequency domain reflectometry (FDR) by three methods of irrigation, i.e. check basin, furrow and drip, respectively. The average depth of water depletion in modified tensiometer by these methods was 27 to 35 cm at 50% management allowable depletion (MAD) of field capacity. This depth was useful for the level sensor to be installed inside modified tensiometer for real time irrigation scheduling. The correlation coefficient (R2) between soil moisture content obtained from the developed sensor and FDR was 0.963. Sensor network was integrated with global system for mobile communication (GSM), short message service (SMS) and drip head work to develop an automated irrigation system. This would enable farmers to effectively monitor and control water application in the field by sending command through SMS and receiving pumping status through the mobile phone.

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Keywords

GSM, Irrigation, Mobile phone, Soil moisture sensor, SMS

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Kumar, J., Patel, N., & Rajput, T. B. S. (2016). Development and integration of soil moisture sensor with drip system for precise irrigation scheduling through mobile phone. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 8(4), 1959–1965. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v8i4.1070
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