##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

Ramesh Ramesh S. S. Rana Suresh Kumar R. S. Rana

Abstract

An experiment was conducted on a silty clay loam soil of Palampur during 2009–2011, to study the effect of different tillage methods in maize (Zea mays L.) wheat {Triticum aestivum (L.) emend. Fiori & Paol.} cropping system. Results revealed that in maize crop, tillage methods in kharif season resulted in significantly highest emergence count (27.1 plant/m2) under manual seed drill. While, multi-crop planter recorded in significantly taller plants (55.4 cm) at 30 DAS; higher dry matter accumulation 81.0, 990.0 and 4184.4 g/m2 at 30, 60 and 90 DAS, respectively and CGR (30.3 g/day/m2) at 30-60 DAS. Tillage methods in rabi season resulted in higher emergence count (17.6 plant/m2) under zero tillage. This treatment also recorded advanced emergence by 1.2 to 1.5 days. In wheat crop, tillage methods in kharif season resulted in significantly highest emergence count (307.6 plant/m2), taller plants (13.1 cm) at 30 DAS, dry matter accumulation (625.3 g/m2) at 120 DAS and CGR (14.4 g/day/m2) at 90-120 DAS under conventional tillage. While, tillage methods in rabi season resulted in significantly highest emergence count (369.5 plants/m2), tallest plants (17.7, 92.6 and 101.0 cm at 60, 120 and at harvest, respectively) with multi-crop planter. While, zero tillage recorded significantly higher CGR (15.8 g/day/m2) and RGR (0.027 g/g/day) during 120-harvest stage. Zero tillage produced statistically at par crop yield and rainwater-use efficiency of both crops with other tillage treatments. Hence, zero tillage can be as good as other intensive tillage system besides lower input cost and environmental security.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

CGR, Maize-wheat, Rainwater use efficiency, RGR, Zero tillage

References
Anonymous. (2015). Economic survey of Himachal Pradesh 2014-15. Economics and Statistics Department, Govt. of Himachal Pradesh. 157 pp.
Bhan, S. and Behera, U.K. (2014). Conservation agriculture in India – Problems, prospects and policy issues. Internation-al Soil and Water Conservation Research, 2(4): 1-12
Bhattacharyya, R., Tuti, M.D., Kundu, S., Bisht, J.K. and Bhatt, J.C. (2012). Conservation tillage impacts on soil aggregation and carbon pools in a sandy clay loam soil of the Indian Himalayas. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 76: 617-627
Chopra, P. and Angiras, N.N. (2008). Effect of tillage and weed management on productivity and nutrient uptake of maize (Zea mays). Indian Journal of Agronomy, 53(1): 66-69
Gomez, K.A. and Gomez, A.A. (1984). Statistical procedure for agricultural research, (Edn 2) Wiley Inter Science, New York, USA. 680 pp.
Khan, A., Jan, M., Jan, A., Shah, Z.A. and Arif, M.T. (2014). Efficiency of dry matter and nitrogen accumulation and redistribution in wheat as affected by tillage and nitrogen management. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 37(5): 723-737
Monsefi, A., Sharma, A.R. and Rang Zan, N. (2016). Weed management and conservation tillage for improving productivity, nutrient uptake and profitability of wheat in soybean (Glycine max)-wheat (Triticum aestivum) cropping system. International Journal of Plant Production, 10(1): 1-12
Mujdeci, M., Kara, B. and IsiIdar, A.A. (2010). The effects of different soil tillage methods on soil water dynamic. Scientific Research and Essays, 5(21): 3345-3350
Mupangwa, W., Twomlow, S. and Walker, S. (2016). Reduced tillage and nitrogen effects on soil water dynamics and maize (Zea mays L.) yield under semi-arid conditions. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, 14(1): 13–30
Ram, H., Kler, D.S., Singh, Y. and Kumar, K. (2010). Produc-tivity of maize (Zea mays)-wheat (Triticum aestivum) system under different tillage and crop establishment practices. Indian Journal of Agronomy, 55(3): 185–90
Schneider, F., Steiger, D., Ledermann, T., Fry, P. and Rist, S. (2012). No-tillage farming: Co-creation of innovation through network building. Land Degradation and De-velopment, 23: 242-255
Sharma, A.R., Jat, M.L., Saharawat, Y.S., Singh, V.P. and Singh, R. (2012). Conservation agriculture for improv-ing productivity and resource-use efficiency: Prospects and research needs in Indian context. Indian Journal of Agronomy, 57(IAC Special Issue): 131-140
Timsina, J. and Connor, D.J. (2001). Productivity and management of rice-wheat cropping systems: Issues and challenges. Field Crops Research, 69(2): 93-132
Watson, D.J. (1962). The physiological basis of variations in yield. Advances in Agronomy, 4: 101-145
Yusuf, D.D. (2006). Effect of variation in tillage systems on maize (Zea mays L.) establishment and grain yield in semi-arid tropical climate. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 8: 171–179
Citation Format
How to Cite
Ramesh, R., Rana, S. S., Kumar, S., & Rana, R. S. (2016). Impact of different tillage methods on growth, development and productivity of maize (Zea mays)-wheat (Tritcum aestivum) cropping system. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 8(4), 1861–1867. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v8i4.1054
More Citation Formats:
Section
Research Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>