##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

Heena Naz Seema Kwatra Pragya Ojha

Abstract

Long hours of static work with awkward working postures at traditionally designed looms can cause high prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) among handloom weavers. Because of incompatible working situations handloom weaver in textile industries are confronting with many work related musculoskeletal problems related to pain and discomfort in upper and lower extremities. Keeping this in view, the present study was planned to assess the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders and postural discomfort among handloom weavers. For this study, 64 (male and female) handloom weavers aged 20-55 years were selected randomly from Almora and Nainital districts of Uttarakhand state. To collect the information, standardized Nordic questionnaire was used to assess pain and discomfort in different body regions of handloom weavers. It was observed that those workers worked continuously in awkward postures during weaving activities. Consequently they suffered from high discomfort in their different body parts. High rate of pain and musculoskeletal disorder was most prevalent in right wrist, left wrist, hip/thigh, neck and lower back of the workers. The data reveled that since last 12 months, total 76.56 percent workers were suffered with pain and discomfort in right hand and 73.44 percent workers had pain and discomfort in both elbows. During last month, 73.44 percent workers were suffered with pain and discomfort in upper back because of awkward working postures whereas during 7 days, total 59.38 percent workers had pain in lower back. The study indicates that the traditional handloom weaving demands immediate ergonomic intervention in the workstation and process design.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

Ergonomics, Handloom weavers, Musculoskeletal discomfort, Textile industry, Working posture

References
Adams, M.A. (1987). Dolan P, Hutton WC: Diurnal variations in the stresses of the lumbar spine. Spine, 12:130-137.
Black, K.M., Mc, C.P. and Polansky, M. (1996). The influence of different sitting positions on cervical and lumbar posture. Spine, 21(1): 65–70.
Chan, C.K., Tsang, B. and Wong, K.P. (1998). Ergonomic investigation on posture problem in a garment manufacturing factory in China. In: Bishu R, Karwowski W, Goonetilleke R, editors. Proceeding of the first world congress on ergonomics for global quantity and productivity. Hong Kong: HKUST. pp 251–254.
Chavalitsakulchai, P. and Shahnavaz, H. (1993). Ergonomics method for prevention of the musculoskeletal discomforts among female industrial workers: physical characteristics and work factors. J. Hum. Ergol., 22:95–113.
Choobineh, A., Lahmi, M., Shahnavaz, H., Jazani, R.K. and Hosseini, M. (2004). Musculoskeletal Symptoms as Related to Ergonomic Factors in Iranian Hand-Woven Carpet Industry and General Guidelines for Workstation Design. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics (JOSE), 10 (2): 157–168.
Clark, D.R. (1996). Workstation evaluation and design. In: Bhattacharya, A, McGlothlin JD, editors. Occupational ergonomics: theory and practice. New York, NY, USA: Dekker. 279–301.
De, K.T. (1993). Ergonomics in computer workstation design. Ergonomics SA, 5(1):16–20.
Kemmlert, K. (1994). Labor inspectorate investigation for the prevention of occupational musculoskeletal injuries (licentiate thesis). Solna, Sweden: National Institute of Occupational Health.
Kroemer, K.H.E., Kroemer, H.B. and Kroemer, E.K.E. (1999). Ergonomics; how to design for ease and efficiency. Upper Saddle Hill, NJ, USA: Prentice Hall.
Kuorinka, I., Jonson, B., Kilbom, A., Vinterberg, H.,Biering, S.F., Anderson, G. and Jorgensen, K. (1987). Standerized Nordic Questionnaire for the analysis of musculoskeletal symptoms. Applied Ergonomics,18:233-237.
Pandit, S. Kumar, P. and Chakrabarti, D. (2013). Ergonomic Problems Prevalent in Handloom Units of North East India. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications 3 (1):1-7.
Pheasant, S. and Haslegrave, M.C. (2006). Body space, Anthropometry Ergonomics and the design of Work, 3rd edition, pp126, CRC Press, New York,
Spielholz, P., Silverstein, B., Morgan, M., Checkoway, H. and Kaufman, J. (2001). Comparison of self-report, video observation and direct measurement methods for upper extremity musculoskeletal disorder physical risk factors. Ergonomics, 44(6):588–613.
Vanwonterghem, K. (1996). Work-related musculoskeletal problems: Some ergonomics considerations. J. Hum. Ergol., 25(1):5–13.
Citation Format
How to Cite
Naz, H., Kwatra, S., & Ojha, P. (2015). Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders among handloom weavers of Uttarakhand : an ergonomic study. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 7(1), 102-105. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v7i1.571
More Citation Formats:
Section
Research Articles